A major effort is under way to more actively constructor restore plant communities at Cooper Farm, including wetlands, tallgrass prairie, and forest. Other areas receive minimal active management beyond invasive species control. The enhancement of regional biodiversity in a human-dominated landscape is a major theme of the restoration efforts and environmental education programs.

Plant species
Ten acres of tallgrass prairie were installed along Bethel Avenue in October 2002 and May 2003. An additional 30 acres of native grasses were planted between 2004 and 2006. Native wildflower seeds were planted in spring 2009 to complete the 40 acre prairie.

Native trees shrubs, wildflowers and grasses have been planted in various locations at Cooper Farm to restore and enhance biodiversity and improve the site as representative of ecosystems found in Indiana.