FSEEC_150A

Columbine


Scientific Name     

Aquilegia canadensis L.

Family Name

Ranunculaceae (Buttercup family)

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habitat

form

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leaves

flower

Characteristics:  

Habitat:  

rocky, open slopes, dry woods, even peat bogs

Plant Height:  

30-60 cm, multiple stems from base 

Flower Color:  

red

Flower:  

drooping bells with 5 upward curved spurs, 2.5-3 cm long, numerous yellow stamens of differing lengths hang below petals, sepals 5 alternating with petals, 4 ovaries with long styles 

Inflorescence:  

single flowers from leaf axils on long peduncles, nodding

Fruit:  

beaked follicles

Leaves:  

compound, divided into 9-27 leaflets, each leaflet is 3-lobed, basal leaves on long stalks, cauline becoming sessile

Bloom Time:  

April-July

Origins:  

native

Other:  

spurs contain nectar that attracts hummingbirds and long-tongued insects; this and other species of Aquilegia are cultivated and easy to grow