FSEEC_150C

Large-Flowered Trillium



Scientific Name     

Trillium grandiflorum  Michx.  Salisb.

Family Name

Liliaceae (Lily family)

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Characteristics: 

Habitat: 

rich, moist woods, usually in basic or neutral soil

Plant Height: 

20-45 cm, rhizomous, single flowering stalks

Flower Color: 

white

Flower: 

complete; perfect; 5-10 cm wide; 3 lanceolate, ascending sepals; 3 recurved petals; 6 stamens wiht yellow anthers; ovary with 3 locules, 6 angles; peduncle either erect or slightly declined, but with flower held above the leaves

Inflorescence: 

solitary, terminal flower

Fruit: 

many-seeded berry

Leaves: 

simple; entire; ovate or subrotund, diamond shaped; neqarly stalkless

Bloom Time: 

April-May

Origins: 

native

Other: 

petals turn pink with age; rhizomes were gathered and chewed by Native Americans for a variety of purposes