FSEEC_150C

Common Violet


Scientific Name     

Viola sororia  Willd.

Family Name

Violaceae (Violet family)

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habitat

form

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dissection

dissection

Characteristics:  

Habitat:  

slopes, open and low woods, thickets, stream banks

Plant Height:  

7.5-20 cm; stalks from think underground caudex

Flower Color:  

blue/violet, occasionally white or bicolor

Flower:  

complete; perfect; irregular; 5 sepals, mostly glabrous or very sparsely pubescent; 5 petals, with dark venation near base; lateral petals bearded, lower petal spurred; 5 stamens, connate around ovary, bottom two stamens with flattened curved nectaries 

Inflorescence:  

single flowers on hirsute peduncles from base of plant; curved at apex; flowers and leaves on separate stems; flowers do not stand much above leaves 

Fruit:  

capsule

Leaves:  

simple; broad, heart-shaped leaves arising from base of plant; petioles long, hirsute 

Bloom Time:  

March-early June 

Origins:  

native

Other:  

resembles other plants in genus, but differs in typically having densely pubescent leaves and peduncles; see also V. cucullata