List of contraceptives
The oral birth control pill is 99% effective. There are many different birth control pills and the provider can help decide which pill may be best for you, depending on whether you have PMS, cramps, family history that might put you at risk for blood clots and finances. Side effects vary among different individuals. It is important to remember to take the pill EVERY day.
Depo-Provera injection is 99% effective. The major risk with Depo-Provera use is bone loss. After using it for two years, it is recommended you switch to another form or have a bone density scan. It can cause weight gain and irregular bleeding. The main advantage of Depo-Provera is having to have an injection once every 3 months.
NuvaRing is 99% effective. Side effects are minimal due to low doses of hormones. You must feel comfortable inserting and removing the ring from the vagina. In some women, it may cause an increase in vaginal discharge. It may also cause increased vaginal infections due to sensitivity to the material the NuvaRing is made from. The ring stays in the vagina for a total of 21 days and then it is removed.
Implanon is a soft plastic rod inserted underneath the skin of the arm. It releases a hormone slowly and prevents pregnancy for up to 3 years. It may be removed any time a return to fertility is desired.
IUD's are available, but NOT at the Women's Center. We can refer you for them if you are interested.
Diaphragms require an appointment to be "fit" for the proper size and must be used in conjunction with spermicides. If used properly and consistently, they are 94% effective and there are no hormones involved.
Abstinence is the most effective form of birth control and is the best choice for many.
Withdrawal is not a form of birth control and offers no protection at all.
Condoms may be effective when used properly. Condoms are available to students at no cost through the Health Education department located next door to the women's center.
Accurate and comprehensive information about birth control can be found at Family Doctor