Speech impairments range from problems with articulation or voice strength to an inability to speak at all. Among the more common speech impairments encountered at Ball State are stuttering, chronic hoarseness, difficulty in evoking an appropriate word or term, and esophageal speech (resulting from a laryngectomy). Self-expression should be encouraged; however, pressure to speak is not likely to be helpful. Speaking in front of a group can be an agonizing experience for speech-impaired students.
Various communication aids are available for students who cannot speak. Students who are able to type may use portable electronic aids that produce computer printouts, display words on LED screens, or have synthesized audio output. Most Ball State students with speech impairments are able to sign, write, and type.
Tips for Positive Communication
Suggested Classroom Accommodations
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