Criterion Five—Resources, Planning, and Institutional Effectiveness

The institution’s resources, structures, and processes are sufficient to fulfill its mission, improve the quality of its educational offerings, and respond to future challenges and opportunities. The institution plans for the future.

Core Components

5.A. The institution’s resource base supports its current educational programs and its plans for maintaining and strengthening their quality in the future. 

  1. The institution has the fiscal and human resources and physical and technological infrastructure sufficient to support its operations wherever and however programs are delivered. 
  2. The institution’s educational purposes do not suffer as a result of elective resource allocations to other areas or disbursement of revenue to any superordinate entity. 
  3. The goals incorporated into mission statements or elaborations of mission statements are realistic in light of the institution’s organization, resources, and opportunities. 
  4. The institution’s staff in all areas are appropriately qualified and trained. 
  5. The institution has a well-developed process in place for budgeting and for monitoring expense.

5.B. The institution’s governance and administrative structures promote effective leadership and support collaborative processes. 

  1. The institution has and employs policies and procedures to engage its internal constituencies in governance, including its governing board, administration, faculty, staff, and students. 
  2. The governing board is knowledgeable about the institution, provides oversight for the institution’s financial and academic policies and practices, and meets its legal and fiduciary responsibilities. 
  3. The institution enables the involvement of its administration, faculty, staff, and students in setting academic requirements, policy, and processes through effective structures for contribution and collaborative effort.

5.C. The institution engages in systematic and integrated planning. 

  1. The institution allocates its resources in alignment with its mission and priorities. 
  2. The institution’s processes for assessment, evaluation, planning, and budgeting are linked effectively. 
  3. The planning process takes into consideration the entirety of the institution and appropriate input from internal and external constituent groups. 
  4. The institution plans on the basis of a sound understanding of its current capacity. Institutional plans anticipate the possible impact of fluctuations in the institution’s sources of revenue, such as enrollment, the economy, and state support. 
  5. Institutional planning anticipates emerging factors, such as technology, demographic shifts, and globalization.

5.D. The institution works systematically to improve its performance. 

  1. The institution evaluates its operations. 
  2. Documented evidence of performance routinely informs the institution’s processes for evaluation, planning, and improvement in its operations. 
  3. The institution learns from its operational experience and applies that learning to improve its institutional effectiveness, capabilities, and sustainability, overall and in its component parts.

View Assumed Practices: Resources, Planning, and Institutional Effectiveness