Principal Investigators: Christine Thompson and Kevin C. Nolan


Goals

We will conduct a Phase I survey of 900 acres in southern Newton County, Indiana in order to achieve our goals of increasing the site data base, resolve any inconsistencies found in the SHAARD database, refining the cultural chronology for the county, and examining evidence for the settlement and interaction of the Euro-American settlers and Native Americans along the Iroquois River. Specifically we hope to add to the understanding of the various prehistoric cultural periods of the county.  We also hope to add to the understanding of the Euro-American presence and Native American interaction in Newton County.  These goals are based on the low number of previously documented sites and the potential to build upon the existing archaeological knowledge of Newton County.

Rationale

Newton County has a low number of archaeological sites on record (261).  This project will significantly improve our understanding of precontact and historic resources in the county.  The information can be used for comparison with other Till Plain areas in Indiana.  In addition, it increases the archaeological knowledge of Euro-American settlements and interaction with Native American groups of the time along the Iroquois River. The information can be used for comparison with other waterways and early settlements in Indiana. 

Results

Between 200 and 250 new sites will be added to the archaeological data base and the regional culture history (both prehistoric and historic) will be refined.  Inconsistencies in the SHAARD database will be addressed and resolved as necessary.  Comparative data will be generated to address important questions relevant to regional archaeology.  A public presentation and web site information will disseminate the results of the project to a wider audience.  A final report will document the project.  A short article will also be produced for inclusion in DHPA’s Indiana Archaeology journal. Articles may be submitted to other regional and national peer-reviewed journals.