FSEEC_150C

Bloodroot


Scientific Name     

Sanguinaria canadensis L.

Family Name

Papaveraceae (Poppy family)

sanguinaria_canadensis_haibt

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habitat

flower

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form

flower

Characteristics:  

Habitat:  

rich woods, along streams

Plant Height:  

25 cm; single scape from rhizome

Flower Color:  

white 

Flower:  

complete; perfect; 2 sepals drop off as soon as flower opens; petals 8-10; 4 cm wide; stamens numerous; single pistil; stigma 2-lobed

Inflorescence:  

solitary flower

Fruit:  

2-parted capsule; pointed at both ends 

Leaves:  

basal; palmately lobed

Bloom Time:  

late March-April

Origins:  

native

Other:  

opens in full sunlight, closes at night; flower lasts short time; sap contains acrid making it red comes from underground stem (rhizome), used by Native Americans as a dye; genus name comes from Latin sanguinarius meaning bleeding