FSEEC_150A

Golden Seal


Scientific Name     

Hydrastis canadensis L.

Family Name

Ranunculaceae

hydrastis_canadensis_fl6

hydrastis_canadensis_habit5_small

hydrastis_canadensis_habit3_small

habitat

leaves

hydrastis_canadensis_flower_small

hydrastis_canadensis_flower4_small

flower

form

Characteristics:  

Habitat:  

deep, rich woods

Plant Height:  

30-38 cm, erect stem from thick rhizome

Flower Color:  

white due to numerous stamens; sepals (when present greenish-white)

Flower:  

incomplete; perfect; petals lacking; 3 sepals drop off early; stamens numerous; pistils numerous 

Inflorescence:  

single, terminal flower

Fruit:  

red berries

Leaves:  

entire; doubly serrate; 5-lobed; cordate-rotund; 3-35 cm; pubescent; upper sessile, lower stalked 

Bloom Time:  

late April-early May 

Origins:  

native

Other:  

ranks with Panax quinquefolius (American Ginseng) as one of most collected of Eastern North American plants; used medicinally; rare due to over collection; toxic and should not be eaten