FSEEC_150B

Periwinkle


Scientific Name     

Vinca minor   L.

Family Name

Apocynaceae (Dogbane family)

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Characteristics: 

Habitat: 

open woods, roadsides

Plant Height: 

to 6 cm tall; 13-20 cm, trailing, scrambling stem, somewhat woody

Flower Color: 

purple, sometimes white

Flower: 

perfect; to 2.5 cm wide, 5-lobed corolla funnel-shaped, note whitish star in center of petals, stamens adnate to corolla

Inflorescence: 

single flower borne in leaf axils

Fruit: 

inconspicuous, small (2.5 cm) brown, bean-like follicle

Leaves: 

opposite

Bloom Time: 

April-May

Origins: 

non-native, Europe

Other: 

evergreen garden plant can grow almost anywhere; is considered invasive and is very troublesome in many areas; it can be difficult  to eradicate once established due to rapid colonization by runners; source of two alkaloids, vincristine and vinblastine, with anti-cancer properties