You will need a J Visa if you are a professor, researcher, or short-term scholar visiting from another country.
An H Visa will let you live and work in the U.S. You will need to meet certain requirements for the nature of your position, your wages, and your qualifications as an employee.
Are you a faculty member on tenure track? The Rinker Center can help you obtain permanent resident status.
The Student Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) maintains your visa information. You will need to use it if you have an F, M, or J visa.