During the fall of 2010 archaeological investigations focused on the house of James and Sophia Clemens. The team dug systematically to gain the most information with minimal disturbance at the site.
The first method was digging small, deep holes with a posthole digger at fifteen foot intervals. This allowed them to find the midden, or refuse spot where many household artifacts were located. After they discovered promising places 3x3 foot squares were opened up and dug in thin layers. This way they could know what artifacts were deeper and thus older than other artifacts.
Jarrod Burks, from Ohio Valley Archaeology, conducted Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) at the site. This was particularly useful for locating possible structures and buildings. The I-house is very prominent in the rural Midwest. The floor plan is typically one room deep and two rooms wide, with symmetrical windows and doors. Building materials are usually wood clapboard or stone with different variation of rear additions and porches. The GPR map gave the team an idea of possible structures on site like a summer kitchen or spring house. After creating an artifact distribution map we were able to better understand the artifact concentration. Through this the midden from the Clemens and Goens/Norton periods could be seen clearly.
According to the agricultural census record of 1850, James Clemens was a wealthy man compared to his neighbors. Appearing as a typical I-house with standard features and brick made on site, the limestone foundation separates it from most others, which may possibly demonstrate a higher standard of living. The ceramic artifact assemblage demonstrates a higher amount of cheaper ceramics, such as redware, in the utilitarian ceramics and in the cheapest ceramics in tableware. Expensive ceramics do not appear to be a priority in the Clemens household. Various artifacts were gathered that allowed them to speculate on the consumer habits of the residents on this farmstead. One item in particular, a shard of glass, was identified by words molded onto it as a Bitter’s bottle of medicine. An advertisement for the medicine was found in the Richmond Palladium. This particular item seems to demonstrate flexible purchasing ability.