Each candidate takes a final oral examination covering the dissertation. The oral examination will be administered by his/her committee. The time and place of the defense must be announced to the university community at least ten days in advance. Students must provide a copy of the dissertation (electronic or hardcopy) to all committee members at least two weeks prior to the final examination. No defense will be conducted without all committee members present, unless prior consent is granted by the graduate dean in consultation with the chairperson of the examining committee and the absent committee member. When the final oral examination is passed, the student will be recommended to receive the formal degree. Candidates must complete all degree requirements at least two weeks before the end of the semester or term in which they plan to graduate (see graduate school requirements for electronic submission of the dissertation).