A. Swartz, Chairperson 

Architects connect art with science, designing buildings and spaces for people to live, work and play.  Architecture physically embodies our cultural values while aspiring to balance delight with function and effective technologies. Architecture is an education and profession that attends to the critical environmental challenges of the 21st century while preparing students in analytical thinking, intellectual curiosity, asking good questions, ideation, representation, communication, making, and assessing results in regards to the built environment. The Department of Architecture offers three undergraduate degree programs in architecture.  Each of these is tailored to different student needs and professional aspirations.  

The five-year Bachelor of Architecture program provides a professionally oriented undergraduate education resulting in an accredited professional degree (a necessary requirement for professional licensure). The B.Arch degree balances the intensity of a professional degree program with a broader, well rounded, and diverse undergraduate university education.  This B.Arch degree program also provides a foundation for other career paths and educational pursuits.  This degree program is newly approved in the university and is pursuing candidacy and initial accreditation by the National Architectural Accrediting Board.  The university expects to host a visit for initial accreditation in Fall 2020.  See * below.

The four-year undergraduate degree program Bachelor of Arts (includes a foreign language concentration) or Bachelor of Science (no foreign language concentration) with a major in architecture provide a “pre-professional” undergraduate architecture education.  This degree path prepares students to pursue a graduate professional M.Arch degree in architecture (a necessary requirement for professional licensure). This degree is the pre-professional component of the department’s NAAB accredited Master of Architecture degree.  See ** below.

The four-year undergraduate major BS in Environmental Design provides students with an immersive exposure to the discipline of architecture, effectively preparing them for leadership roles in allied design disciplines.  While benefitting from lessons in critical thinking, communication and design process inherent in an architectural education, this degree suits students who have broader educational and career aspirations, perhaps leading to careers (with or without additional graduate education) in the construction industry, interior design, industrial design, business management, communications, marketing, or business, to name a few.  This degree does not directly lead to professional licensure as an architect although the three-year professional Master of Architecture program would be an option for students in this track.

Approval to pursue any of the departmental undergraduate degrees involves admission to the university and acceptance into the College of Architecture and Planning.

Admission Standards:

  1. Portfolio of CAP first year work including design, design communication media work and writing examples
  2. A minimum GPA of 2.75 overall in the CAP first-year courses
  3. Transfer requests are addressed on case-by-case basis. 

Retention Standards:

Students in the B.Arch and BA/BS undergraduate degree programs receiving grades BELOW C- in two consecutive Professional Studies (per NAAB) required courses (i.e., ARCH 201, 202; ARCH 214, 314; ARCH 218, 318 etc.), must repeat the sequence of both courses.

In the United States, most registration boards require a degree from an accredited professional degree program as a prerequisite for licensure. The National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB), which is the sole agency authorized to accredit professional degree programs in architecture offered by institutions with U.S. regional accreditation, recognizes three types of degrees: the Bachelor of Architecture, the Master of Architecture, and the Doctor of Architecture. A program may be granted an eight-year, three-year, or two-year term of accreditation, depending on the extent of its conformance with established educational standards.

Doctor of Architecture and Master of Architecture degree programs may require a pre-professional undergraduate degree in architecture for admission. However, the pre-professional degree is not, by itself, recognized as an accredited degree.

The NAAB grants candidacy status to new programs that have developed viable plans for achieving initial accreditation.  Candidacy status indicates that a program expects to achieve initial accreditation within six years of achieving candidacy, if its plan is properly implemented.

In order to meet the education requirement set forth by the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards, an applicant for an NCARB Certificate must hold a professional degree in architecture from a program accredited by the NAAB; the degree must have been awarded not more than two years prior to initial accreditation.  However, meeting the education requirement for the NCARB Certificate may not be equivalent to meeting the education requirement for registration in a specific jurisdiction.  Please contact NCARB for more information.

* Ball State University, Department of Architecture, is in candidacy for accreditation of the following NAAB-accredited degree program:
    B.Arch. (154 undergraduate credits)
    Initial application for candidacy:  2017
    Visit for Initial accreditation:  Fall 2020
    Projected year of initial accreditation:  Spring 2021 for class of 2020

** Ball State University’s Department of Architecture offers the following NAAB-accredited degree programs:
    M.Arch (pre-professional degree + 46 graduate credits)
    M.Arch (non-pre-professional degree + 104 credits)
    Next accreditation visit for both programs: 2021

Approval to pursue any of the departmental graduate degrees involves admission to the university’s Graduate School as well as admission to the department.


BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE, 109 credits

Admission Requirements
Portfolio of CAP first year work including design, design communication media work and writing examples; a minimum GPA of 2.75 overall in the CAP first-year courses; transfer requests are addressed on a case-by-case basis. 

Retention Standards
Students in the B.Arch and BA/BS undergraduate degree programs receiving grades below C- in two consecutive Professional Studies (per NAAB) required courses (i.e., ARCH 201, 202; ARCH 214, 314; ARCH 218, 318; ARCH 229, 329, etc.) must repeat the sequence of both courses.

Degree Requirements 
PREFIX NO  SHORT TITLE   CREDITS
       
ARCH  100  Introduction to Architecture   2
  201  Architectural Design   4
  202  Architectural Design   4
  214  Arch Build Tech 1   3
  218  Structural Systems 1   3
  229  History of Architecture 1   3
  251  Social and Env Justice in Dsgn   3
  263  Digital Design   3
  273  Environmental Systems 1   3
  301  Architectural Design   5
  302  Architectural Design   5
  314  Arch Build Tech 2   3
  318  Structural Systems 2   3
  329  History of Architecture 2   3
  340  Intro to HP for Architects   3
  373  Environmental Systems 2   3
  400  Comprehensive Arch Studio   6
  403  Architecture Design Studio   6
  404  Arch Final Project Studio   6
  410  Critical Practice   3
  418  Structural Systems 3   3
  420  Professional Practice   3
  424  Res and Prog Methods in Arch   3
  455  Architectural Internship   0
CAP  101  Environment Design and Plan 1   3
  102 Environment Design and Plan 2   3
  161 Design Communications Media 1   2
  162  Design Communications Media 2   2
LA  100  Intro Landscape Architecture   2
PLAN  100  Intro Urb Planning and Dev   2
   
12 credits from electives in ARCH, PLAN, LA, CAP (excludes required courses in the professional curriculum, University Core Curriculum courses and general electives)  12
     
109 crs

Students are required to complete a minimum of 14 consecutive weeks of non-credit internship in either the fall or the spring semester of their fourth year. 

MAJOR IN ARCHITECTURE (BA/BS), 85 credits

PREFIX 

NO

SHORT TITLE

CREDITS

ARCH



















CAP



LA
PLAN

100
201 
202  
214  
218  
229
251     
261  
263  
273  
301  
302  
314  
318  
329 
373  
401  
402  
418  
429
101 
102  
161  
162
100
100

Introduction to Architecture
Architectural Design
Architectural Design
Arch Build Tech 1
Structural Systems 1
History of Architecture 1
Social and Env Justice in Dsgn
Design Communications Media
Digital Design
Environmental Systems 1
Architectural Design 
Architectural Design 
Arch Build Tech 2
Structural Systems 2
History of Architecture 2
Environmental Systems 2 
Architectural Design
Architectural Design
Structural Systems 3
Appl Cultl to Desgn Plng
Environment Design and Plan 1
Environment Design and Plan 2
Design Communications Media 1
Design Communications Media 2
Intro Landscape Architecture
Intro Urb Planning and Dev

2
4
4
3
3
3
3
1
3
3
5
5
3
3
3
3
5
6
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2

Elective  3
3 credits from electives in ARCH, CAP, LA, PLAN or other departments with permission of the architecture undergraduate advisor   




85 crs
Elective credits may be waived by completing an approved minor.
    Not open to environmental design majors.

MAJOR IN ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN, ARCHITECTURE (BA/BS),
66 credits

PREFIX

NO

SHORT TITLE

CREDITS

ARCH











CAP



LA
PLAN

100
201 
202 
214 
218 
229 
261 
273 
301 
314 
318 
329
101 
102 
161 
162
100
100

Introduction to Architecture
Architectural Design
Architectural Design
Arch Build Tech 1
Structural Systems 1
History of Architecture 1
Design Communications Media
Environmental Systems 1
Architectural Design
Arch Build Tech 2
Structural Systems 2
History of Architecture 2
Environment Design and Plan 1
Environment Design and Plan 2
Design Communications Media 1
Design Communications Media 2
Intro Landscape Architecture
Intro Urb Planning and Dev

2
4
4
3
3
3
1
3
5
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2

15 credits from electives in ARCH, CAP, LA, PLAN, NREM, or other departments with permission of the architecture department chairperson

15





66 crs

    Not open to architecture majors. 

 

MINOR IN HISTORIC PRESERVATION, 15 credits

Admission Requirements
Sophomores, juniors, and seniors eligible with a 3.0 GPA or better; admission by historic preservation director based on 1-page statement of intent or interview. 

Degree Requirements

 
PREFIX  NO  SHORT TITLE   CREDITS
       
ARCH  440  Intro to Pres   3
       
Design History, 3 credits from 
ARCH  229  History of Architecture 1 (3)   
  329  History of Architecture 2 (3)   
  428  Hist of Arch Built Environment (3)   
LA  220  LA History 1 (3)   
  221  LA History 2 (3)   
PLAN  220  Hist and Thry of Plan 1 (3)   
  221 

Hist and Thry of Plan 2 (3) 

 
  477  History of Urban Form (3)   3
 
Methods, 6 credits from 
ARCH  442  Pres Res Meth (3)   
  447  Pres Tech (3)   
HIST  240  Introduction to Public History (3)   
LA  420  Historic Land Preservation (3)   
PLAN  450  Neighborhood Planning (3)   6
 
Law/Ethics/Issues, 3 credits from 
ARCH  441 Pres Policy (3)   
  473  Pres Current Issues (3)   
PLAN  425  Urban Ag as Comm Dev (3)   3
     
15 crs

MINOR IN SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE, 15 credits

Social and environmental justice minors may not double count any course taken in any other major or minor. Open only to majors in Architecture. 
 
PREFIX NO SHORT TITLE CREDITS
       
6 credits from (including at least one ARCH course)   
ARCH



LA

PLAN

CAP
407
408
490
498
490
498
490
498
498
Fourth World Theory (3)
Architects of Hope (3)
Independent Project (3)
Spec Proj in Arch (3)
Independent Projects (3)
Special Projects (3)
Ind Study in Plan (3)
Spec Proj in Urbn Plan and Dev (3)
Spec Projects in CAP (3)








6
     
9 credits from


ANTH


BIO
CAP
CJC

COMM
ECON


GEOG

HIST

NREM

PHIL




POLS
PSYS


SOC


WGS
101
111
311
220
200
101
102
290
116
201
279
121
150
198
370
101
205
100
102
202
203
230
293
324
325
424
100
328
421
210
Intro to Cultural Anthropology (3)
Anth, Cult, and Globalization (3)
Ethnicity and Race (3)
Ecological Issues 21st Century (3)
Design Thinking (3)
Intro to Criminal Justice (3)
Introduction to Criminology (3)
Intercultural Communication (3)
Survey of Economic Ideas (3)
Elementary Microeconomics (3)
Problems of Emerging Nations (3)
Geog of Cultural Environment (3)
Global Geography (3)
Non-Western Civilizations (3)
Foundations Asian Civilization (3)
Environment and Society (3)
Internatnl Natural Resources (3)
Introduction to Philosophy (3)
Intro to Critical Reasoning (3)
Ethics (3)
Social Philosophy (3)
Environmental Ethics (3)
International Relations (3)
Psychology of Women (3)
Psych Prejudice Discrimination (3)
Psychology of Diversity (3)
Principles of Sociology (3)
Global and the Social World (3)
Racial and Cultural Minor US (3)
Intro Womens and Gender Stud (3)





























9




15 crs
   
Open only to students not majoring in Architecture.

ARCH 251 Social and Env Justice in Dsgn 3
     
3 credits from
   
ARCH




LA

PLAN

CAP
407
408
429
490
498
490
498
490
498
498
Fourth World Theory (3)
Architects of Hope (3)
Appl Cult to Desgn Plng (3)
Independent Project (3)
Spec Proj in Arch (3)
Independent Projects (3)
Special Projects (3)
Ind Study in Plan (3)
Spec Proj in Urban Plan and Dev (3)
Spec Projects in CAP (3)









3
     
9 credits from
   
ANTH 101 Into to Cultural Anthropology (3)  
  111 Anth, Cult, and Globalization (3)   
  311 Ethnicity and Race (3)  
BIO 220 Ecological Issues 21st Century (3)   
CAP 200 Design Thinking (3)  
CJC

COMM
ECON


GEOG

HIST

NREM

PHIL




POLS
PSYS


SOC


WGS
101
102
290
116
201
279
121
150
198
370
101
205
100
102
202
203
230
293
324
325
424
100
328
421
210
Intro to Criminal Justice (3)
Introduction to Criminology (3)
Intercultural Communication (3)
Survey of Economic Ideas (3)
Elementary Microeconomics (3)
Problems of Emerging Nations (3)
Geog of Cultural Environment (3)
Global Geography (3)
Non-Western Civilizations (3)
Foundations Asian Civilization (3)
Environment and Society (3)
Internatnl Natural Resources (3)
Introduction to Philosophy (3)
Intro to Critical Reasoning (3)
Ethics (3)
Social Philosophy (3)
Environmental Ethics (3)
International Relations (3)
Psychology of Women (3)
Psych Prejudice Discrimination (3)
Psychology of Diversity (3)
Principles of Sociology (3)
Global and the Social World (3)
Racial and Cultural Minor US (3)
Intro Womens and Gender Stud (3)
























9
     
15 crs

ARCHITECTURE (ARCH)

100 Introduction to Architecture (2)
An introduction to architecture through an exploration of products of the built environment.

103 Architectural Design Studio (6)
Introduction to architectural form manipulation skills in both green field and built environments. Focus on design moves linking concepts of site, schematic building structure, materials, and forces of human habitation. Design reasoning and spatial thinking, vocabulary, concept formulation, use of precedents, and basic investigative skills are linked to basic ways of building in both individual and collaborative design exercises. 
     Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of the program director.

163 Architectural Communications Media (4)
Introduction to architectural design representation techniques and media, including freehand drawing, orthographic and perspective drawing, analytic drawing, concept diagramming, and 3-D modeling. 
     Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of the program director.

201 Architectural Design (4)
Introduction to the architectural design sequence. Projects focus on conceptual architectural design and design methodologies in small and intermediate-scale projects, introduction of architectural technology, research, analysis, and programming. 
     Open only to architecture majors.

202 Architectural Design (4)
Conceptual architectural design and design methodologies in large-scale projects; introduction of architectural technology, research, analysis, and programming. Workshops in the exploration and development of visualization and communication skills at all stages of the design process. 
     Prerequisite: ARCH 201. 
    Open only to architecture majors.

203 Architectural Design Studio (4)
Design projects of moderate scale and complexity consider tectonic issues, enclosure, territory and movement paths. Projects address concepts of space and place in the context of a variety of building types, ordering systems, and theories. Continued development of digital and manual visualization methods. 
    Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of the program director.

214 Architectural Building Technology 1 (3)
Methods and materials of architectural construction. Emphasizes interface of material selections and construction technology in the design, production, and construction process. 

218 Structural Systems 1 (3)
Basic introduction to the mathematical foundations of statics—equilibrium, balance, centroids, neutral axis—with primary focus on developing a basic understanding of concepts of conditions of equilibrium and force systems.

229 History of Architecture 1 (3)
A survey of the major movements in Western architecture and urbanism from antiquity through the nineteenth century, and an introduction to developments in vernacular and high-style architecture outside the West in precolonial and/or post-colonial periods. 
    Prerequisite: ARCH 100.

251 Introduction to Social and Environmental Justice in Design (3)
Introduces students to the essential role that architecture plays in promoting socially and environmentally just communities by acknowledging the values of human rights, social equity, and the dignity of every human being.  

261 Design Communications Media (1)
Exploration of a variety of communications media including pencil, ink, pastel, markers, watercolor, and photography. 
     Prerequisite: CAP 162. 
    Open only to architecture majors.

263 Digital Design (3)
Introduction to the use of digital technology in architecture with an emphasis on design applications. Introduction to a wide range of digital programs, techniques, and skills. Development of judgment and discernment regarding the use of computers in architectural design.

273 Environmental Systems 1 (3)
Introduction to environmental systems in architecture with emphasis on passive interventions. 

301 Architectural Design (5) 
Integration of all facets of design including design, research, programming, technology, function, human behavior, scheduling, time management, communication, use of materials, and systems. Workshops in the further exploration and development of visualization and communication skills at all stages of the design process.
    Prerequisite: ARCH 202.
    Parallel: ARCH 410.
    Open only to B.ARCH; BS/BA in architecture and environmental design majors.

302 Architectural Design (5)
A rigorous in-depth exploration of a selected topic in architectural design. Design studio and seminar in theories and principles related to the selected topic.                 
    Prerequisite: ARCH 301.

304 Architectural Design Studio (5)
Design of increasingly complex projects with documentation of structure, materials, construction methods, and life safety. Continued emphasis on concept development vis-a-vis historical and contemporary architectural thought and project context in all its dimensions. Reinforcement and application of sustainability principles including passive/active systems and day-lighting. 
    Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of the program director.

314 Architectural Building Technology 2 (3)
Methods and materials of architectural construction. Emphasizes interface of material selections and construction technology in the design, production, and construction process. Production of construction documentation. 
    Prerequisite: ARCH 214.

318 Structural Systems 2 (3)
Strength of materials, stress, strain, and modulus of elasticity. Introduction to steel systems and their application to the design of horizontal and vertical building systems. Introduction to lateral force systems for earthquake and wind. 
    Prerequisite: ARCH 218.

329 History of Architecture 2 (3)
Survey of the movements and major figures in architecture and design from the late nineteenth century to the present, with consideration given to the social and cultural context of design ideas. 
    Prerequisite: ARCH 229. 

340 Introduction to Historic Preservation for Architects (3)
The introduction of historic preservation in the context of architectural practice. Students will become familiar with the significant public and private Preservation agencies and organizations, along with the roles they play in the Preservation movement. The legal basis of preservation will be surveyed, as well as the process for documenting, designating, and protecting historic properties. Preservation treatment and re-use options will be discussed in light of conversation, sustainability and cultural continuity.
    Not open to students who have credit in ARCH 440.
    Open only to B.ARCH; BS/BA in architecture and environmental design majors.

373 Environmental Systems 2 (3)
Application of the principles of physics to the design and engineering of environmental systems in buildings and technologies of active intervention.                 
    Prerequisite: ARCH 273.

400 Comprehensive Architecture Studio (6) 
Architecture studio involves architectural design explorations requiring integrated evaluations and decision-making in the design process. Projects will demonstrate consideration and integration of environmental and structural systems, environmental stewardship, technical documentation, accessibility, site conditions, life safety, and building envelope systems and assemblies.
     Prerequisite: ARCH 302.
    Parallel: ARCH 420.
    Open only to B.ARCH majors.

401 Architectural Design (5)
Capstone project: a design-based study in depth requiring students to reflect on and synthesize previous course work. 
    Prerequisite: ARCH 302. 
    Open only to architecture majors.

402 Architectural Design (6)
ARCH 402 allows students to engage in architectural design projects on or off campus providing students a high degree of self-direction. Draws on knowledge and skills of previous course work. Both ARCH 405 and 406 (two independent summer programs) must be completed to obtain substitute credit for ARCH 402. 
    Prerequisite: ARCH 302. 
    Open only to architecture majors.

403 Architecture Design Studio (6) 
Architecture design studio investigating topical architectural problems that may have an interdisciplinary and/or applied aspect. Within this, students are expected to increasingly define their design values and effective methods for engaging and representing them.
    Prerequisite: ARCH 400.
    Parallel: ARCH 424.
    Open only to B.ARCH majors or by permission of the department chairperson.

404 Architecture Final Project Studio (6) 
Conceptual and design development processes applied to a student initiated and defined architecture design final studio project.
    Prerequisite: ARCH 403.
    Open only to B.ARCH majors.

405 Architectural Design (3)
Incremental versions of ARCH 402 that allow students to engage architectural design projects on or off campus providing students a high degree of self-direction. Draws on knowledge and skills of previous course work. Both ARCH 405 and 406 (two independent summer programs) must be completed to obtain substitute credit for ARCH 402. 
    Prerequisite: ARCH 202. 
    Open only to architecture majors.

406 Architectural Design (3)
Incremental versions of ARCH 402 that allow students to engage architectural design projects on or off campus providing students a high degree of self-direction. Draws on knowledge and skills of previous course work. Both ARCH 405 and 406 (two independent summer programs) must be completed to obtain substitute credit for ARCH 402. 
    Prerequisite: ARCH 202. 
    Open only to architecture majors.

407 Fourth World Theory (3)
Fourth World Theory examines the physical, political, socio-economical and institutional abandonment of the American Inner-city and investigates the causes which have led to the massive disinvestment. This course attempts to develop a sense of empathy for the citizens who choose or are forced to remain in these often severely distressed environments. Fourth World Theory employs critical inquiry that may better qualify us to be engaged in improving the conditions of our inner cities and of the United States as a whole.

408 Architects of Hope (3)
A growing subset of architects situates their talents and passions in the lives of persons occupying exploding equatorial megacities and shrinking inner cities in the Rust Belt. Students will consider a range of issues engaged by the persons who remain in these places. Seminar participants will study as well as interview architects and designers whose practices are centered on those people generally considered to be at-risk or in-need. In response to this investigation, each student will formally define and articulate a more meaningful career trajectory.

410 Critical Practice (3) 
Exposure to diverse practice models in architecture and related fields (professional mentorship, case study research, analysis of diverse roles and relationships of key stakeholders in the architectural profession and allied disciplines) and application of these experiences to practice scenarios (role playing, collaborative teamwork and practice plan development/marketing proposals) providing experience with the diverse breadth of architectural practices to inform student’s professional path.
    Parallel: ARCH 301.
    Open only to B. ARCH; BS/BA in architecture and environmental design majors. 

418 Structural Systems 3 (3)
Continuation of Structural Systems 2. Introduction to wood, concrete, and masonry systems and their application to design of horizontal and vertical building systems. Discussions of alternative structural building materials and systems. 
    Prerequisite: ARCH 318.

420 Professional Practice (3)
Overview of the essential aspects of the architectural profession. Subjects include: stakeholder roles in architecture; project management; business practices; financial considerations; legal responsibility; ethics and professional conduct.
     Parallel: ARCH 400.
     Open only to B.ARCH majors.

421 Topics in the History of Oriental Architecture (3)
Analysis of theoretical, cultural, and historical determinants as they may be applied to a selected array of architects and buildings from the Islamic world to the Far East. 
    Prerequisite: ARCH 329; permission of the department chairperson.

424 Research and Programming Methods in Architecture (3)
Exposure to methods and procedures of architectural research and programming, including case studies. Application of these methods to research and programming for development of individual final project proposals for the architecture final project studio.
    Parallel: ARCH 403.
    Open only to B.ARCH majors.

426 Preservation and Documentation of Historic Buildings (3)
Introduces the special qualities of design and craftsmanship in historic buildings, districts, and landscapes. Emphasizes skills needed to document historic properties through written and graphic means. Surveys guidelines for rehabilitation and criteria for identifying historic properties. 
    Prerequisite: ARCH 329.

427 Philosophy of Architecture (3)
Seminars and independent study in the background and development of prevailing philosophies of architecture, ideas in design, and how they evolved in contemporary architecture since the beginning of the twentieth century, concluding with their influence on the current practice of architecture. 

428 History of Architecture in the Built Environment (3)
The roots and development phases of American architecture and design are explored, beginning with Native American and Colonial examples, through the exploration, development, urbanization, industrialization, modernist and post-industrial epochs. Both vernacular and high style design examples are covered, with emphasis on regional and cultural diversity. Design examples are drawn from the fields of architecture, landscape architecture and urban planning.
    
Prerequisite: permission of the program director.

429 Application of Cultural Issues to Design and Planning Strategies (3)
Explores how to use social, cultural, technical, and economic information to establish design criteria. Examines how to apply this knowledge to create a framework for design. 
    Prerequisite: fourth-year standing or permission of the department chairperson.

430 History of Architecture, Planning, and Engineering in the Midwest (3)
Analysis of the development of architecture, planning, engineering (canals, railroads, roads, bridges), and industrial architecture in the Midwest from the frontier period through the twentieth century. 
    Prerequisite: permission of the program director.

437 Topics in the History of 19th- and 20th-Century Architecture (3)
Analysis of theoretical, cultural, and historical determinants as they may be applied to a selected array of architects and buildings from around 1800 to the present. 
    Prerequisite: ARCH 329; permission of the department chairperson. 

440 Introduction to Preservation (3)
This course presents the history, philosophy and current practice of heritage preservation. Students examine the roles of significant public, private and non-profit preservation agencies and organizations. The legal basis of preservation is studied, as well as the process for documenting, designating and protection heritage places. Preservation treatment and re-use options are examined in light of conservation, sustainability and cultural continuity concerns.
    
Prerequisite: permission of the program director.

441 Preservation Policy (3)
This course examines the structure and function of international, federal, state and local laws and programs governing heritage preservation activities. Planning and economic development aspects of preservation practice are studied in the context of conservation and protection of heritage places.
    
Prerequisite: permission of the program director.

442 Preservation Research Methods (3)
A comprehensive examination of the methods of researching, surveying, recording, and registering historic properties and heritage sites. Legal concepts of “significance” and “context” are applied to evaluating the historic built environment. The course emphasizes applied research and analysis skills and the preparation of a research study report. 
    
Prerequisite: permission of the program director.

447 Preservation Technology (3)
An in-depth examination of architectural conservation. This course includes an analysis of the materials and systems of construction used in historic buildings. Students employ contemporary technology to document, analyze and diagnose building conditions, then formulate interventions for the stewardship of historic structures.
    
Prerequisite: permission of the program director.

455 Architectural Internship (0)
Prepares students for critical engagement in architectural practice. Field studies in architecture under the supervision of a licensed architect or allied design professional. Under certain conditions this internship may apply toward the National Intern-Architect Development Program (IDP). 
    Prerequisite: permission of the internship program director or the department chairperson.

473 Current Issues in Preservation (3)
This course provides an in-depth investigation of complex, social, cultural and political case studies in contemporary heritage preservation. A foundation is laid for development of individual philosophies and ethics regarding preservation practice.
    Prerequisite: permission of the program director.

490 Independent Project (1-6)
Independent study in architectural topics.
    
Prerequisite: approval of an independent study proposal by the department chairperson.
    A total of 8 credits may be earned, but no more than 6 in any one semester or term.

495 Architecture History/Theory Elective (3-6)
Timely architectural projects undertaken by groups. Counts towards architecture history/theory elective credit. 
    Prerequisite: permission of the department chairperson. 
    A total of 15 credits may be earned, but no more than 6 in any one semester or term. 
    Open only to architecture majors.

498 Special Project in Architecture (3-6)
Special and timely architectural projects undertaken by groups of students.
    A total of 15 credits may be earned, but no more than 6 in any one semester or term.
    Open only to architecture majors and historic preservation minors.