K. Badger, Chairperson
The Department of Biology offers programs for students preparing for careers in science teaching, laboratory biology, environmental biology and health professions such as medicine, medical technology and dentistry. The laboratory sciences of cellular and molecular biology, genetics and microbiology offer in depth opportunities for students pursuing bioscience positions in medicine, government, academia and industry. Experiences with the modern tools of biotechnology are a central theme for all laboratory biology options and the department offers a biotechnology certification program. Biologists in environmental careers work to maintain the natural world for future generations. The department’s ecology and conservation biology programs focus on preparing students for careers related to the conservation of species of concern and the management of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Further information about careers for biology majors can be found on our departmental Web site.The biology major offers a core program intended to develop a common background in biology and additional courses in specialized options designed to prepare students for careers or graduate work in aquatic biology and fisheries, field botany, cellular and molecular biology, ecology, genetics, microbiology, wildlife biology and conservation, and zoology. Preprofessional majors add selected courses to meet entrance requirements into medical, dental, and medical technology schools. A teaching major in life science is offered for students who plan to teach in the secondary schools. (Additional course requirements for science teaching programs appear in this catalog under Interdepartmental Programs in the College of Sciences and Humanities.)Students interested in pursuing graduate work in a biological science should be aware that graduate schools generally require the following:
It is strongly recommended that students seek departmental advising, on an individual basis, early in their programs to plan course work sequences and obtain specific information about their selected emphasis areas and possible certification.
MAJOR IN BIOLOGY, 61-69 hours
Princ Bio 1Princ Bio 2Intro BotanyGeneticsCell BiologyEcologyEcology MethGen Chem 1Gen Chem 2Organic 1Pc-Coll Alg (3)Appl Calc 1 (3)Gen Phycs 1
44 3 443244434
Four elective courses at the 300 level or above in BIO, BIOT, BOT, or ZOOL. Two elective courses with any of the following prefixes: ANAT, ANTH, BIO, BIOT, BOT, CHEM, CS, GEOG, GEOL, MATHS, NREM, PHYCS, PHYSL and HSC, and ZOOL. Coures taken to fulfill University Core Curriculum requirements and biology major requirements may not be used as electives in this category. Only courses designed primarily for students majoring in the respective departments may be used as electives in this category.
BiometryForestryTaxon PlantsDendrology (3)Aquatic Bot (4)OrnithologyMammalogyWildlife BioSoil Resourc
33 4 43-43333
BiometryLimnologyAquatic Bot (4)Fish Mgmt (3)Invert ZoolIchthyologyAquatic EntmAppl Calc 1
MicrobiologyPath BactImmun ViroApp MicrobioMed MycologyEssen Biochm
BiometryAdv GeneticsHuman GenetcGenomesMolecular
MolecularResearch (1-3)Recomb Techn (3)Essen Biochm (4)Prn Biochm 1 (3)Biochem Lab (1)
Microbiology (4)Immun Viro (4)Intern Bio (1-6)Practcm Bio (1-3)Cancer Bio (3)Develop Biol (4)Research (1-3)
BIOT (any 2 BIOT classes, except BIOT 493)
Plant Physio (4)Prn Biochm 2 (3)
Taxon PlantsPlant PhysioPlant AlliePlant Ecol
Str Dev VertInvert Zool
Biometry (3)Essen Biochm (4)Anim Parasit (3)Ornithology (3)Entomology (3)Ichthyology (3)Herpetology (3)Mammalogy (3)Aquatic Entm (3)
Pop EcolCom Eco EcolBiometryAppl Calc 1
MINOR IN BIOLOGY, 19 hours
Princ Bio 1Princ Bio 2Intro Botany
MINOR IN BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES FOR STUDENTS MAJORING IN NURSING, 18 hours
Genetics (4)Cell Biology (4)Path Bact (3)Immun Viro (4)Human Genetc (3)
TEACHER EDUCATION SCIENCE TEACHING MAJORS
MAJOR IN MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY
MAJOR IN MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY, 43 hours
MAJOR IN PREMEDICAL PREPARATION, 40-42 hours
Although most students entering dental school will have completed four years of predental work, those with outstanding qualifications may be admitted after only three years. To qualify for admission to the Indiana University School of Dentistry at the close of three years of predental preparation, students must complete the major and specific course and scholastic requirements of the curriculum with a minimum of 94 credits at Ball State University. If accepted into dental school, they will use the credit earned the first year in the Indiana University School of Dentistry (32 credits) to meet the senior year course requirements of the baccalaureate degree from Ball State. In addition to the basic science requirements, students entering the Indiana University School of Dentistry will be required to have credit in two semesters of English, including one semester of composition; one semester of interpersonal communication (COMM 240 or 210 is recommended); one semester of introductory psychology; one semester of physiology; and biochemistry (CHEM 360 is recommended). The following courses are recommended for elective credit: BIO 215, 313; CHEM 232; CC 102. To be admitted to the Indiana University School of Dentistry, students must earn satifactory scores on the Dental Admission Test given by the American Dental Association. Students are responsible for applying to the dental school and making arrangements to take the admission test. Students should take the test in the spring semester fifteen months before they hope to enroll in dental school, but prefereably only after completing the required biology and chemistry courses. Students should formally apply for admission to dental school the next summer, twelve months in advance. Predental counseling is available in the Department of Biology.
MAJOR IN PREDENTAL PREPARATION, 37 hours
The prepharmacy program is designed for students who want to apply for admission to the Butler University College of Pharmacy or the Purdue University School of Pharmacy. When completed satisfactorily, the designated courses will meet the preprofessional curricular requirements of Purdue and Butler at the end of the second year. At both Purdue and Butler the combined prepharmacy-pharmacy program leading to the Doctor of Pharmacy requires six years. However, the number of applicants to any college of pharmacy exceeds the capacity of the school. Therefore, students are selected for admission into the prepharmacy and pharmacy programs at these schools based on considerations such as scholastic standing, character, and professional aptitude. Students should become familiar with the admission requirements stated in the bulletins of Butler and Purdue Universities. Careful arrangement of the program for each year is essential so that courses may be completed in sequence and in the allotted time. In particular, general chemistry should be completed in the freshman year. Mathematics, including calculus, is highly desirable. Copies of the programs are available from the pre-pharmacy advisor located in the biology department. There are minor differences in requirements between the School of Pharmacy at Purdue and the College of Pharmacy at Butler. The prepharmacy programs do not lead to graduation from Ball State University. They merely supply students with an approved sequence of courses for the first two years of the complete six-year program. Furthermore, physical education is not a part of this program for students who hope to transfer to Purdue, but it is for those who hope to go to Butler. Students who drop out of the prepharmacy program and elect to follow degree programs of Ball State University will be expected to meet all Ball State degree requirements. Prepharmacy counseling is available in the Department of Biology.
PREVETERINARY - PREOPTOMETRY - PREDENTAL HYGIENE - PREPHYSICIAN'S ASSISTANT - PRECHIOPRACTIC
Courses are offered that fulfill requirements for thos students who are planning to apply for admission to schools of veterinary medicine, optometry, dental hygiene, physician's assistant, and prechiropractic. Preprofessional counseling for these programs is available in the Department of Biology.
BIOTECHNOLOGY CERTIFICATE, 20-26 hours
100 Biology for a Modern Society. (3) Considers biological issues related to the environment, genetics and biotechnology, human reproduction and development, and population biology. Historical, contemporary, and future implications of these issues are discussed. Not open to students who have credit in BIO 102, 111, or 112.102 Biological Concepts for Teachers. (3) Principles of biology as they relate to energy requirements and reproductive processes of living organisms, including the study of plants and conservation with emphasis on the human role in the environment. Designed primarily for students in elementary education programs.111 Principles of Biology 1. (4) Designed for biology, allied health, and other science majors. Emphasis at cellular level: chemical and physical organization of life, prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structure and function, bioenergetics, cell division, genetics, gene expression, protein synthesis, and evolution. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: one year of high school chemistry, one semester of college chemistry, or the equivalent.112 Principles of Biology 2. (4) Examines the diversity, evolutionary relationships, ecology, and physiology of organisms in the animal kingdom with an introduction to the protozoans. Emphasizes structure and function at the organismal level, classification, and phylogenetic relationships. Lecture and laboratory.113 Microbiology for the Health Sciences. (5) Introductory course for students in applied health curricula. Presents biomolecules of life, enzyme interaction, physiology and structure of representative microorganisms. Emphasizes bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa of health significance and the host-parasite relationship. Microbiological techniques will be emphasized in laboratory. Prerequisite: CHEM 101 or its equivalent.
210 Introduction to Botany. (3) Examines evolutionary solutions to problems of survival and reproduction faced by plants and their allies (plants, fungi, protists). Problems are investigated from a structure-function basis in an evolutionary-phylogenic survey. Physiological processes are emphasized, including the selective pressures involved in the evolution of these mechanisms. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO 112. Prerequisite recommended: BIO 111.
214 Genetics. (4) Basic principles of heredity and variation emphasizing meiosis, Mendelian inheritance and probability considerations, sex and gene transmission and expression, linkage and crossing-over, the nature of the hereditary material, gene action, and genetic control of development. Prerequisite: BIO 111, 112.
215 Cell Biology. (4) An introduction to the biology of the cell, including cell differentiation and growth, the nature of the organization of the cell, basic bioenergetics and enzyme function, cell environment, membrane structure and function, cell metabolism, and the work performed by cells. Prerequisite: BIO 111, 112; CHEM 231 or permission of the department chairperson.
216 Ecology. (3) Effects of physical and biotic conditions on the distribution, abundance, and diversity of plants and animals. Dynamics of ecological systems at population, community, ecosystem, landscape, and global levels, and from an evolutionary perspective. Practical applications of ecological knowlege to environmental problems. Prerequisite: BIO 111, 112.
217 Methods in Ecology. (2) Introduction to scientific study designs, measurements, data analysis, and the logic of inference as applied to ecological research. Focuses on a field research project that culminates in a written report and an oral presentation. Prerequisite or parallel: BIO 216.
220 Ecological Issues in the 21st Century. (3) Fundamental concepts of ecology, including interactions between organisms and their environment, population/community dynamics, and structure/function of ecosystems. Application of concepts to current ecological issues (e.g., species extinction, human population dynamics, human food production systems, natural resource depletion, and global environmental change). Intended for non-biology majors. Not open to students who have credit in BIO 216. Open only to non-biology majors.
254 Biology in the Social Context. (3) Designed to foster understanding of the interactions between and among human biological and social systems. Emphasizes biological concepts as they relate to health and behavior. Prerequisite recommended: college level introductory biology. Open only to social work or family and consumer sciences majors, or by permission of the department chairperson.
299X Experimental/Developmental Topics. (1-6)
Topics relevant to the discipline. Course titles will be announced each semester. A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.
313 Microbiology. (4)
Microorganisms including representative archaea, bacteria, viruses, viroids, prions, protozoa, algae, lichens, and fungi. Emphasizes morphology, physiology, genetics, and control. Some consideration of applied microbiology and biotechnology. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO 111. Not open to students who have credit in 200-300 level (general) microbiology.
341 Pathogenic Bacteriology. (3) Study of pathogenic bacteria with emphasis on morphology and physiology. Laboratory techniques for culturing, isolating, and identifying bacteria. Prerequisite: BIO 113 or 313; CHEM 231.
344 Immunology-Virology. (4) Examination of the basic principles of immunology and virology. Topics include the immune system, the variety of immune responses, immuno-regulation, and characteristics of viruses. Emphasizes virus-host interactions and serological diagnosis of viral infections. Prerequisite: BIO 313 and one course in organic chemistry.
369 Internship in Biology. (1-6) Paid, supervised field and laboratory experiences in public or private agencies (or in the Department of Biology). Training involves application of biological principles in the work environment. Prerequisite: permission of the department chairperson. A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.
390 Honors Colloquium in Biology. (1-2) Exploration of selected issues in biology with emphasis upon individual projects, study, and discussion. A total of 2 hours of credit may be earned. Open only to honors students except by permission of the department chairperson.
394 Practicum in Biology. (1-3)
Practical application of biology in a variety of situations including biology instruction as undergraduate teaching assistants and discussion leaders, and practical experience in government or industrial laboratories and field stations. Prerequisite: permission of the department chairperson. A total of 3 hours of credit may be earned.
401 Developments in Modern Biology. (3-6)
Stresses recent discoveries in biology and integrates and enhances understanding of the basic principles of the discipline. Prerequisite: permission of the department chairperson. A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.
416 Population Ecology. (3)
Presents fundamental principles of population growth and regulation, including both within-species and between-species interactions. Implications for over-population, endangered species, and pest and game management are discussed. Laboratory includes both experimental studies and computer simulation exercises. Prerequisite: BIO 216.
418 Community and Ecosystem Ecology. (3)Principles of ecological organization at the community and ecosystems levels. Emphasizes the processes that influence the structure and function of communities and ecosystems. Laboratory includes field and lab studies of plant and animal systems. Prerequisite: BIO 216.
420 Field Biology of Distant Areas. (3-12)
Includes study of the sciences peculiar to selected geographic areas. Ecology, flora, and fauna. Travel may be by air. Seminars may be scheduled regularly throughout the course. Registration fee may include travel charges as well as the general fee. Prerequisite: permission of the department chairperson. A total of 12 hours of credit may be earned.
440 Evolution. (3)Principles, evidence, and the historical context of modern evolution theory. Some attention will be given to the origin of life and the evolution of plants and animals. Prerequisite: BIO 100, 102, or 111 or permission of the department chairperson.
446 Applied Microbiology. (3) The study of microorganisms that are beneficial or detrimental to changes in foods (including milk and milk products) and industrial fermentations. This is a lecture and laboratory course. Prerequisite: BIO 313 or permission of the department chairperson.
448 Biometry. (3) Principles and application of statistics to biological problems. The use of parametric and nonparametric tests of significance in the analysis of data and the interpretation of experiments. Prerequisite: MATHS 108 or its equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.
452 Advanced Genetics. (3) Bacterial and eukaryotic genetics with emphasis on recent developments in molecular genetics. Topics include alternative structures of DNA, mechanisms of DNA replication, mutagenesis, DNA rearrangements, regulation of gene expression, RNA processing, and molecular and mutagenetic analysis of cell cycle. Prerequisite: BIO 214; CHEM 231. Prerequisite recommended: BIO 215.
453 Human Genetics and the Problems of Humanity. (3) Current problems in human heredity. Human chromosome aberrations. DNA, the genetic code, and mutations. Consanguineous marriages and genetic defects. Mendelian principles applied to humans. Pedigrees and probability. Genetic screening and counseling. Social, ethical, and legal problems and advances in genetics. Prerequisite: BIO 214; or permission of the instructor or department chairperson.
454 Development and Evolution of Genomes: Genomics and Proteomics. (3) Analyses of the development, expression, and evolution of genomes through the examination of genomics and proteomics. Attempts to explore the theoretical basis of developing technologies to provide models for application to current questions in biological systems from the cellular or organismal levels by treatment of the genome as a system. Prerequisite: BIO 214, 215; or permission of the instructor.
456 Cancer Biology. (3)
Examination of the biological basis of cancer, discussion of related contemporary issues, and overview of recent advances in cancer research. Emphasizes cancer progression, tumor production, etiology/epidemiology, prevention, modern therapies, and patient management. Prerequisite: BIO 215, its equivalent, or permission of the department chairperson.
457 Molecular Biology. (4)
Structure and function of macromolecules in living things. Emphasizes three-dimensional structures; models for enzyme mechanisms; DNA replication; protein synthesis and membrane function; and applications of biotechnology. Prerequisite: BIO 215 or permission of the department chairperson.
460 Microtechniques. (4)
A lecture and laboratory course in the preparation of biological material for microscopic examination in teaching, research, and clinical applications. Emphasizes preparation of smears, squashes, whole mounts, paraffin and frozen plant and animal sections, and photomicrography. Prerequisite: BIO 111, 112, 313, and one course of college chemistry.
470 Developmental Biology. (4) Recent advances and theories in early embryogenesis and developmental biology. Major emphasis on genetic and molecular mechanisms operating during developmental phenomena. Topics include fertilization, mosaic versus regulative development, regulation of gene expression, patterning, germ line and sex determination, and neoplasia. Prerequisite: BIO 215 or permission of the department chairperson.
480 Limnology. (3) The physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of inland waters. Laboratory and several field trips will be devoted to exploring techniques for the evaluation of representative aquatic ecosystems. Prerequisite: BIO 216 or permission of the department chairperson.
482 Aquatic Microbiology. (3) Microorganisms indigenous to nonpolluted and polluted aquatic ecosystems. Emphasizes nutrient cycling and use of microorganisms as indicators of pollution. Morphology, physiology, and ecology of specific organisms. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO 313.
483 Marine Biology. (3) Introduction to marine environments. Properties of seawater, hydrodynamics. Phytoplankton and benthic plants. Primary production, nutrient cycles. Marine animals, surveys of major taxa. Adaptations for life on the bottom, open water, intertidal zones, estuaries, and abyssal regions.
492 Bioethical Decision Making. (3)
Development of decision-making skills through the analysis and personal resolution of bioethical problems created by the application of new biological and biomedical knowledge and technologies. Prerequisite: junior standing and completion of the University Core Curriculum science component or permission of the department chairperson.
498 Undergraduate Research. (1-3) Designed to give undergraduate biology students with special aptitude an opportunity to participate in scientific investigation. Prerequisite: permission of the department chairperson. A total of 3 hours of credit may be earned.
490 Introduction to Recombinant DNA and RNA Techniques. (3)
Study of the fundamental methods and approaches used in biotechnology with experiences in recombinant DNA and RNA techniques. Emphasis on theory and practice of commonly used scientific techniques, experimental design, and reading and analysis of scientific literature. Prerequisite: BIO 215.
491 Theory and Applications of the Polymerase Chain Reaction. (3) Study of the theory of the polymerase chain reaction and its standard applications in research. Emphasis on experimental design and optimization of reactions, applications in DNA and RNA analysis, differential display, site-directed mutagenesis, and subcloning of PCR products. Prerequisite: BIO 215.
492 Protein Isolation and Analysis. (3) Study of the theory and application of techniques involved in protein isolation, characterization, and analysis. Emphasis on understanding principles of protein purification, laboratory experiences in protein separation, detection and analysis of structure function relationships. Prerequisite: BIO 215.
493 Professional Development in Biotechnology. (1)
Emphasizes curriculum vita development, provides employment counseling, discusses job ethics, values, and job interview strategies, and includes a presentation by each student analyzing a journal article.
494 Cell Culture Techniques. (2) Study of the practice and theory of cell and tissue culture. Emphasis on the application of basic concepts and techniques to the in vitro culture of many different cell types. Prerequisite: BIOT 490.
495 DNA Sequencing and Bioinformatics. (2)
Covers the determination of DNA nucleotide sequence and Internet/software utilization of DNA and protein databases for sequence analysis. Prerequisite: BIOT 490.
496 Research Design and Presentation. (2) Emphasizes improvements in oral and written communication skills and development, and presentation of an independent research proposal. Prerequisite: BIOT 490.
380 Forestry. (3) General course in forestry with emphasis on forest policy, ecology, and management. Current issues are discussed with particular reference to their social, political, and environmental implications. Lecture and laboratory.
440 Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. (4)Identification, use, and care of native and ornamental trees, shrubs, vines, and herbaceous plant material. The use of botanical keys, manuals, and texts in the identification of the plant taxa. Prerequisite: BIO 112 or permission of the department chairperson.
442 Economic Botany. (3) The cultivation, processing, environmental requirements, and use of plants and plant derivatives for food, drugs, dwellings, clothing, and power.
446 Medical Mycology. (3) Study of fungi with emphasis on pathogenic forms. Discusses methods for identification of fungi along with morphology and biochemistry of fungi. Prerequisite: BIO 313.
451 Plant Physiology. (4) An introductory treatment of the physiological activities of green plants with emphasis on plant growth substances, photosynthesis, and intermediate metabolism. Prerequisite: BIO 112; CHEM 231.
460 Plants and Their Allies. (4) Evolutionary-phylogenetic survey of plant forms. Includes bacteria, algae, fungi, bryophytes, and vascular plants. Emphasizes comparative morphology and anatomy, reproductive structures, cycles, and adaptations to varying habitats. Prerequisite: BIO 111, 112, or permission of the instructor.
470 Dendrology. (3) The identification and site characterization of woody plants with an emphasis on midwestern tree species. Use of botanical features and keys in field identification. Correlation of species with site conditions, plant diseases, climatic parameters, associate species, and geographical distribution. Prerequisite: BIO 112.
480 Plant Ecology. (3) Factors affecting the distribution and abundance of plants. Patterns, structure, and development of plants at the individual, population, and community level. Laboratory provides experience with ecological experimentation at the physiological, population, and community levels. Prerequisite: BIO 216 or permission of the instructor.
481 Aquatic Botany. (4) The collection and identification of nonvascular and vascular plants from fresh water ecosystems. Emphasizes the morphology, physiology, and ecology of these plants to explain their distribution in nature. Class project and field trips may be used to demonstrate ecological relationships. Two Saturday field trips required. Prerequisite: BIO 112 or permission of the department chairperson.
MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY (MEDTC)
401 Urinalysis. (1-10) A study of basic renal anatomy, physiology, and pathology, as well as training in the preparation of patients and collection of urine samples, conduct of routine and special tests of urine, and identification of the various formed elements in urine sediment. A total of 10 hours of credit may be earned. Open only to medical technology students in the clinical year.
402 Serology. (1-10) Principles of immunology. Histology and biochemistry of the immune system. Theory and practice of the detection of antibodies and other serum substances related to disease conditions using various diagnostic procedures. Prerequisite: BIO 344. A total of 10 hours of credit may be earned. Open only to medical technology students in the clinical year.
403 Microbiology. (1-10) Study of pathogenic organisms (bacteria, mycobacteria, fungi, and animal parasites), emphasizing isolation, culture, identification, and antibiotic sensitivity. Experience in media preparation, staining techniques, and various biochemical and serological tests for identification and sensitivity. Prerequisite: BIO 341, 344. A total of 10 hours of credit may be earned. Open only to medical technology students in the clinical year.
404 Blood Bank. (1-10) Theory and practice of blood bank organization and procedure. Genetics and immunology of blood group systems; selection of donors; collection, processing, and storage of blood; preparation of blood products; typing, compatibility, and pretransfusion tests. A total of 10 hours of credit may be earned. Open only to medical technology students in the clinical year.
405 Special Topics in Medical Technology. (1-10) Study of a variety of topics of special interest in the field of medical technology. Areas discussed may include medical technology education, management of clinical laboratories, laboratory and research topics including radioimmunoassay, clinical correlation, and mathematical applications in medical technology. A total of 10 hours of credit may be earned. Open only to medical technology students in the clinical year.
406 Medical Chemistry. (1-10)
Theory and application of physiology, biochemistry, and organic chemistry in the laboratory diagnosis of abnormal metabolism. Experience with a variety of manual and automated test procedures, including preparation of patient samples, instrument calibration and maintenance, and quality control. Prerequisite: CHEM 360. A total of 10 hours of credit may be earned. Open only to medical technology students in the clinical year.
407 Hematology. (1-10) Study of blood, other body fluids, and bone marrow: cells, coagulation processes, and pathological conditions. Practice in collection of samples, staining procedures, and various tests concerned with cells and clotting mechanisms, including experience with related instrumentation. A total of 10 hours of credit may be earned. Open only to medical technology students in the clinical year.
150 Basic Concepts in Science Education. (3)
Serves as an introduction to all secondary science teaching programs. Content includes constructing an integrated vision about what it means to teach and learn science, investigating the nature of scientific inquiry, developing basic science teaching skills and dispositions, and beginning preparation for teacher licensure. Prerequisite or parallel: a science course from the science licensure area. Open only to secondary science teaching majors (all science license areas.)
295 (395) Introduction to the Teaching of Science. (3)
Philosophy and methodology of teaching science. Emphasizes the nature of science as a human endeavor, the national goal of scientific literacy for all, and the pedagogical strategies which enhance science concept acquisition. Lesson planning within the context of field experiences where appropriate. Prerequisite: sophomore standing; at least 24 hours of science content courses; pass Decision Point 1. Open only to science teaching majors.
392 Teaching of Science in the Junior High School. (3) Recent curriculum developments in junior high school science. Science curriculum instruction related to the physical, mental, and emotional characteristics of the junior high school student. Experiences in public schools may be required. Prerequisite: 24 hours of science courses or permission of the department chairperson.
396 Using Science Methods and Materials. (3)
Methods and materials used in teaching secondary science. Designing activities for laboratory and field work, maintaining safety guidelines, and incorporating computers and electronic technology into data collection and analysis. Textbook selection, equipment inventories, and teaching on a science budget. Prerequisite: SCI 295. Parallel: EDSEC 380; EDJHM 385. Open only to teaching majors in life science, physical science, or earth-space science.
397 Teaching Science in the Elementary School. (3) Methods for teaching science concepts, skills, and attitudes are developed through classroom and clinical experiences. Special emphasis on making connections between science and other areas of the elementary curriculum. Prerequisite: 8 hours of science or permission of the department chairperson.
398 Teaching Science in the Early and Primary Grades. (3) Analysis of the cognitive, psychomotor, and affective processes inherent in science investigations for young children. Classroom and clinical experience using hands-on activities with science materials appropriate for pre-school and primary children. Designed for Early Childhood education programs. Prerequisite: 8 hours of science or permission of the department chairperson.
498 Science as Inquiry. (3) An integrated look at the scientific enterprise and the investigative process that drives it. Focuses on the development and use of cognitive and manipulative skills used to think scientifically about matters of personal interest in everyday life. Prerequisite: GEOG 101 or GEOL 101; BIO 102; PHYCS 101; permission of the instructor. Open only to elementary education majors with the science concentration.
330 Structure and Development of Vertebrates. (5) Comparative study of the anatomy, development, and evolutionary relationships of vertebrates. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO 112 or permission of the department chairperson.
347 Animal Parasitology. (3) Helminth, protozoan, and arthropod parasites of animals and humans. Emphasizes identification, life cycles, host-parasite relationships, and physiology of common species. Some emphasis on medical and clinical aspects of parasites in humans, and tropical forms. Prerequisite: BIO 111, 112; or permission of the department chairperson.
432 Invertebrate Zoology. (4) Comparative morphology, physiology, ecology, life histories, and phylogeny of invertebrate animal phyla. Prerequisite: BIO 111, 112; or permission of the department chairperson.
440 Ornithology. (3) The study of birds including identification, systematics, anatomy, physiology, life histories, ecological relationships, and conservation. Field work in addition to regular laboratory periods may be required. Prerequisite: BIO 112 or permission of the department chairperson.
441 Entomology. (3)
Anatomy, physiology, taxonomy, life histories, habits, and adaptations of insects. Prerequisite: BIO 111, 112; or permission of the department chairperson.
444 Ichthyology. (3) The study of fish with emphasis on identification, classification, anatomy and physiology, and ecology. Emphasizes Indiana species, but other important species will be included. Prerequisite: BIO 111, 112; or permission of the department chairperson.
445 Herpetology. (3)Introduction to the biology of amphibians and reptiles, including their origin, anatomy, physiology, classification, behavior, and ecology. Through extensive field trips, the laboratory will emphasize identification and observation of amphibians and reptiles in their natural habitats. Prerequisite: BIO 112.
446 Mammalogy. (3) The evolutionary origin, characteristics, and distribution of recent mammals. The economic relationships of mammals. The collection and preservation of specimens. May require additional field work. Prerequisite: BIO 112 or permission of the department chairperson.
465 Fishery Resources Management. (3)
The relationship of fisheries to other natural resources; a survey of aquatic habitats and the characteristics of fish that affect their management; basic principles, practices, and techniques of management of inland waters for fish production. Prerequisite: BIO 216 or permission of the department chairperson.
483 Wildlife Biology. (3)The identification, population dynamics, and geographic distribution of wildlife species with particular emphasis on those of the United States. The harvest and management of wildlife. May require additional field work. Prerequisite: BIO 216 or permission of the department chairperson.
484 Aquatic Entomology. (3)
Immature and adult stages of aquatic insects, including collecting techniques, identification, ecological requirements, morphology, and evolutionary adaptations to lentic and lotic conditions. Emphasizes aquatic insects as indicators of environmental quality and stress.
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