Physics and Astronomy
T. Robertson,
ChairpersonPhysics Major Options and Minors in Physics, Applied Physics, and Astronomy The
Department of Physics and Astronomy offers two options for majors in physics and several programs for minors in astronomy and/or physics. For majors, the general physics option is a course of study for those students who intend to pursue graduate work or industrial careers in physics, astronomy, or engineering. The applied physics option is for those students who are primarily interested in careers in industry. Minors are available in physics, applied physics in electronics, applied physics in nanoscience, astrophysics, and introductory astronomy, and are designed for those students who have an interest in those fields but have a major in another area.
Several options are available for those students who are planning careers as teachers in secondary education. A teaching major in physical science will prepare students to be certified in both high school physics and chemistry, and is generally a fouryear program. A program of four and onehalf years additionally provides a certification in middle school/junior high science. (See Science under Interdepartmental Programs in the College of Sciences and Humanities.)
PreEngineering Major
The Preengineering major is generally a fiveyear program in which students attend Ball State for three years and then transfer to an engineering school to complete requirements for their engineering degree. Upon successful completion of the engineering program, a student is eligible to receive a bachelor’s degree from Ball State in addition to the engineering degree. Students in this program are responsible for knowing and meeting the graduation requirements of both Ball State and the school to which they transfer. Admission to Ball State as a preengineering major does not guarantee admission to an accredited school of engineering.
Three options in the preengineering major are available: chemical engineering, metallurgical engineering, and general engineering, which includes civil, electrical, mechanical, and nuclear engineering specializations.
MAJOR IN PHYSICS, 6567 hours
PREFIX 
NO 
SHORT TITLE 
CR HRS 
Common core, 53 hours 
PHYCS
HONRS PHYCS
CS MATHS 
115 120 122 260 262 330 340 434 450 464 482 or 369 or 479 or 499 483 485 120 165 166 267 
Career Iss Gen Phycs 1 Gen Phycs 2 Intro Modern Modern Lab Mechanics Physcl Optic Thermodynamc Elect Magnet Intro Q M Indpen Study (13)
Prof Exper (13)
Prac Exper (13)
Hnrs Project (3) Sem Phys (12) Meas Learn Comp Sci 1 Calculus 1 Calculus 2 Calculus 3 
1 5 5 4 1 3 3 3 3 3
3 2 1 4 4 4 4 

53 hrs 
Complete one option 

Option 1: Physics (general), 12 hours 
PHYCS

452 465 
Electrom Th Quant Mech 
3 3 
Electives from departmental courses as approved by the student’s departmental advisor and the department chairperson. 
6




12 hrs 
Option 2: Physics (applied), 14 hours 
14 hours from 
ASTRO
PHYCS 
330 332 354 356 
Astrophycs 1 (4) Astrophycs 2 (4) Electronic 1 (4) Electronic 2 (4) 
14




6567 hrs 
Other PHYCS courses at the 300level and above, with the approval of the student’s departmental advisor and the department chairperson, may be applied to option 2. 
MAJOR IN PREENGINEERING PREPARATION,
6777 hours
PREFIX 
NO 
SHORT TITLE 
CR HRS 
Common core, 56 hours 
PHYCS
CHEM
CS ITMFG MATHS 
115 120 122 260 262 330 354 483 485 111 112 120 105 165 166 217 267 
Career Iss Gen Phycs 1 Gen Phycs 2 Intro Modern Modern Lab Mechanics Electronic 1 Sem Phys (12) Meas Learn Gen Chem 1 Gen Chem 2 Comp Sci 1 Tec Dsgn Gra Calculus 1 Calculus 2 Lin Algebra Calculus 3 
1 5 5 4 1 3 4 1 1 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 4 

56 hrs 
Complete one option as approved by the preengineering advisor. 
Option 1: General (civil, electrical, mechanical, nuclear), 12 hours 
PHYCS 
356 
Electronic 2 
4 
8 hours from electives in PHYCS, APHYS, CS, and MATHS as approved by thepreengineering advisor. 
8




12 hrs 
Option 2: Metallurgical, 11 hours 
14 hours from 
CHEM 
225 344 345 
Analysis Physl Chem 1 Physl Chem 2 
3 4 4 



11 hrs 
Option 3: Chemical, 21 hours 
CHEM 
225 234 235 344 345 
Analysis Organic Ch 1 Organic Ch 2 Physl Chem 1 Physl Chem 
3 5 5 4 4 



21 hrs 



6777 hrs 
To begin this program it is expected that students will have completed high school mathematics courses equivalent to the prerequisite for MATHS 165. 
MINOR IN ASTROPHYSICS, 24 hours
PREFIX 
NO 
SHORT TITLE 
CR HRS 
MATHS
PHYCS
ASTRO 
161 162 120 122 330 332 
Appl Calc 1 Appl Calc 2 Gen Phycs 1 Gen Phycs 2 Astrophycs 1 Astrophycs 2 
3 3 5 5 4 4 



24 hrs 
MATHS 165, 166 may be substituted for MATHS 161, 162. 
INTRODUCTORY ASTRONOMY MINOR, 15 hours
PREFIX 
NO 
SHORT TITLE 
CR HRS 
ASTRO 
120 122 124 302 
Sun & Stars Universe Solar System Obs Astro 
3 3 3 3 
3 hours from 


ASTRO
PHYCS 
200 380 469 
Topics Astro (13) Sem Md Astro (3) Imm Exper (3) 
3




15 hrs 
MINOR IN PHYSICS, 27 hours
PREFIX 
NO 
SHORT TITLE 
CR HRS 
PHYCS
MATHS 
120 122 260 262 330 450 161 162 
Gen Phycs 1 Gen Phycs 2 Intro Modern Modern Lab Mechanics Elect Magnet Appl Calc 1 Appl Calc 2 
5 5 4 1 3 3 3 3 



27 hrs 
MATHS 165, 166 may be substituted for MATHS 161, 162. MATHS 267 is waived as prerequisite on PHYCS 450 for the minor, though recommended as an elective. 
MINOR IN APPLIED PHYSICS, 2426 hours
PREFIX 
NO 
SHORT TITLE 
CR HRS 
MATHS
PHYCS 
161 162 120 122 
Appl Calc 1 Appl Calc 2 Gen Phycs 1 Gen Phycs 2 
3 3 5 5 



16 hrs 
Complete one option 

Option 1: Electronics, 8 hours 

PHYCS 
354 356 
Electronic 1 Electronic 2 
4 4 



8 hrs 
Option 2: Nanoscience, 10 hours 

PHYCS
APHYS 
260 466 310 
Intro Modern Cond Matter Nan Sci Tech 
4 3 3 



10 hrs 



2426 hrs 
To begin this program it is expected that students will have completed high school mathematics courses equivalent to the prerequisite for MATHS 161. MATHS 165, 166 may be substituted for MATHS 161, 162. 
TEACHER EDUCATION
SCIENCE TEACHING MAJORS
(See Science, College of Sciences and Humanities, for the teaching majors in science.) 
TEACHING MAJOR IN PHYSICS, 50 hours
This is a fouryear program that will meet the high school physics certification standards of Indiana. 
PREFIX 
NO 
SHORT TITLE 
CR HRS 
Common core, 34 hours 

CHEM
MATHS
PHYCS 
111 112 165 166 120 122 260 262 
Gen Chem 1 Gen Chem 2 Calculus 1 Calculus 2 Gen Phycs 1 Gen Phycs 2 Intro Modern Modern Lab 
4 4 4 4 5 5 4 1 
Research (honors, thesis, internship, or department research) 
3



34 hrs 
Students must complete the high school physics concentration area or follow the guidelines outlined below. 

High school physics concentration area, 16 hours 
PHYCS 
330 340 354 434 450 
Mechanics Physcl Optic Electronic 1 Thermodynamc Elect Magnet 
3 3 4 3 3 



16 hrs 



50 hrs 
Students who currently hold or are pursuing a secondary license in one of the following areas will not be required to complete the high school physics concentration area: life science, earth/space science, mathematics, chemistry. 
SENIOR HIGH, JUNIOR HIGH/MIDDLE
SCHOOL EDUCATION PROGRAM
PREFIX 
NO 
SHORT TITLE 
CR HRS 
Professional education sequence, 39 hours 
SCI EDMUL EDPSY
EDSEC EDJHM SCI
EDFON 
150 205 251 390 380 385 295 396 420 
Basic Concpt Multi Educ Dev Sec Ed Educ Psychol Prin Sec Sch Prin Mid Sch Int Tch Sci Sci Mth Mtrl Fnds of Educ 
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 
Student Teaching 
12 



39 hrs 
See Professional Education Assessment/Decision Points, for additional information. 
APPLIED PHYSICS (APHYS)
310 Introduction to Nanoscience and Technology. (3)
Explores science and technology at the nanoscale. Studies the physical properties of nanomaterials, the tools and techniques for nanosystem fabrication and investigation; principles of mechanical, optical, electrical, and magnetic nanosystems; current state of technology in physics, chemistry, biology, engineering, and information systems; and future applications.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 260.
312 Fundamentals of Nano Materials Growth and Device Fabrication. (4)
Introduces basic experimental techniques in: nano materials growth, nano devices fabrication, and materials and devices characterization. Introductory laboratory in the field of nanoscience and technology. Intended for those interested in semiconductor technology or experimental work in general.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 260 or permission of the department chairperson.
315 Medical Physics 1. (3)
Biomechanics, statistical physics, bioelectric fields, biomagnetic fields, electricity, and magnetism at the cellular level.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 112 or 122.
Prerequisite recommended: BIO 111, 215; MATHS 161, 162, or 165, 166.
316 Medical Physics 2. (3)
Signal analysis, images, biomagnetism, xrays, nuclear medicine, magnetic resonance imaging.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 260; APHYS 315 or permission of the department chairperson or instructor.
420 Solar Thermal Systems. (3)
Physics of the solar energy resource, solar collection, concentration, thermal conversion, energy storage, and the design and performance of solar thermal energy systems.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 122; MATHS 162 or 166.
422 Photovoltaics. (3)
Physics of photovoltaic systems, including basic operating principles, design and technology, and performance of individual solar cells and solar cells systems.
Prerequisite: APHYS 420.
ASTRONOMY (ASTRO)
100 Introductory Astronomy: A Study of the Solar System and Beyond. (3)
Study of the physical nature of objects in the universe and methods used by astronomers to understand them. Topics selected from basic laws of nature, the solar system, stars, nebulae, galaxies, and cosmology.
101 Astronomy Materials for the Teacher. (3)
Fundamentals of astronomy including historical aspects and modern astronomy concepts. Emphasizes construction of models and experimentation appropriate to the classroom. Designed primarily for students in education programs.
120 The Sun and Stars. (3)
Introduction to the science underlying modern stellar astronomy. Topics include history of astronomy, practical astronomy, nakedeye cosmology, gravity and orbital motion, light and matter and properties of the sun and stars. Observational and experimental data are used to reveal natural physical laws which provide information about remote objects in space.
Prerequisite: at least two years of high school algebra.
121 Honors Astronomy Laboratory. (1)
Introduction to observational stellar astronomy. The student will plan and execute sessions in the Ball State University Observatory and analyze and interpret astronomical data related to the determination of the properties of stars.
Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
Prerequisite or parallel: ASTRO 120.
122 Stellar Evolution, Galaxies, and Cosmology. (3)
Continuation of ASTRO 120. Topics include stellar evolution, the Milky Way Galaxy, galaxies, quasars, active galactic nuclei, supermassive black holes, large scale structure of the universe and cosmology.
Prerequisite: ASTRO 120.
Not open to students who have credit in ASTRO 332.
124 The Solar System. (3)
Introduction to the scientific study of our Solar System and Earth as a planet. Topics include scientific methodologies, object classification, planetary environments and components, formation and evolution of the Solar System, space science, space exploration, and the search for life in the Solar System.
200 Topics in Astronomy. (13)
Discussion of specific topics in astronomy, such as comets, eclipses, UFOs, and interstellar travel. Designed for students not majoring in physics, the course requires no math or science background. Students may consult their curricular advisors or the Department of Physics and Astronomy for specific topics being studied during a given semester.
A total of 3 hours of credit may be earned.
302 (102) Observational Astronomy. (3)
Introduction to observational astronomy. Topics include night sky observing skills, celestial coordinate and time systems, planning astronomical observing sessions, astronomical telescopes and instruments, basic digital imaging, image processing and analysis. Designed for astronomy educators and amateur astronomers.
Prerequisite: ASTRO 120.
330 Astronomy and Astrophysics 1. (4)
A review of mechanics, electromagnetic radiation, and atomic structure in the context of modern observational astrophysics. Solar system astrophysics—including an introduction to celestial mechanics and astronomical coordinate and time systems—are surveyed, and astronomical instruments are discussed.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 120, 122.
332 Astronomy and Astrophysics 2. (4)
An examination of observational stellar astronomy with applications to the study of stellar structure and evolution, and a review of the physics of stellar systems such as star clusters, galaxies, and clusters of galaxies.
Prerequisite: ASTRO 330.
380 Seminar in Modern Astronomy. (3)
Seminar covering selected topics in contemporary astronomy. Extensive use of library facilities including current journals and periodicals in astronomy. Discussions of current astronomical research.
Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned, but no more than 3 in any one semester or term.
382 Instruments and Techniques in Planetarium Operations. (3)
Use of planetarium instruments, console, and chamber. Creation and presentation of planetarium programs including slideduplicating techniques, slide opaquing, and the production of sound tracks.
Prerequisite: permission of the planetarium director.
386 Theories and Instruments of the Astronomer. (3)
Reviews of various atlases, catalogs, ephemerides, and charts. The development of methods used to compute and update stellar positions. Discusses astronomical instruments in the context of their use by research astronomers. Analyzes specific techniques employed in astronomical photometry, spectroscopy, and photography.
Prerequisite: ASTRO 332.
PHYSICS (PHYCS)
100 Conceptual Physics. (3)
Includes a survey of physics with conceptual emphasis on basic classical and modern concepts of matter, motion, energy, and forces with application to mechanics, heat, sound, electricity and magnetism, light, atomic, nuclear, and elementary particles.
101 Physical Science Concepts for Teachers. (13)
Principles and concepts of the laws of nature involving mechanical, heat, light, electrical, nuclear, and chemical energy and the conservation laws associated with these forms of energy. Emphasizes applications appropriate to the classroom. Designed primarily for students in elementary education programs.
A total of 3 hours of credit may be earned.
102 Preparation of Physical Science Teaching Materials. (3)
Selected topics in physical science stressing the construction of models and experimentation appropriate to the classroom. Designed primarily for students in elementary education programs.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 101 or permission of the department chairperson.
Open only to students in the teacher education curriculum.
110 General Physics 1. (4)
Studies the laws of Newtonian mechanics. Introductory fluid statics and dynamics, heat and thermodynamics, and wave motion and sound. Recommended background: one year of college preparatory physics in high school.
Prerequisite: MATHS 112, trigonometry or appropriate trigonometry sub scores on Mathematics placement exam or passing grade in high school physics.
Parallel: PHYCS 111 is recommended for students who have not attained the recommended background
111 Problem Solving in General Physics 1. (1)
Helps students master problem solving in physics. Work in small groups with the assistance of a professor who will guide their work and teach them to analyze and set up problems on mechanics and thermodynamics. Intended to help students succeed in physics.
112 General Physics 2. (4)
Static and current electricity, magnetism, light and optics, and an introduction to modern physics including relativity and elements of atomic and nuclear physics.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 110.
115 Career Issues in Physics, Applied Physics, and Engineering. (1)
Introduction to departmental, university, and professional resources essential for the successful completion of undergraduate programs and entry into related career paths. Seminars and campus field trips will provide information about resources related to academic success, experiential activities outside the classroom, and resume/portfolio development.
120 General Physics 1. (5)
First course in calculusbased physics for students in preengineering, the physical sciences, or mathematics. Topics include Newtonian mechanics, work and energy, motion, impulse and momentum, elasticity and wave motion, sound, and hydrostatics and hydrodynamics.
Prerequisite or parallel: MATHS 161 or 165.
122 General Physics 2. (5)
Continuation of PHYCS 120. Topics include heat and laws of thermodynamics, Coulomb’s law and the electric field, Ampere’s law and the magnetic field, introduction to Maxwell’s equation, DC and AC circuits; the nature, propagation, and properties of light; and lens systems.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 120.
Parallel: MATHS 162 or 166.
140 General Physics 1 (Calculusbased). (4)
First course in calculusbased general physics. Topics include Newtonian mechanics, work and energy, impulse and momentum, elasticity, wave motion and sound, hydrostatics and hydrodynamics. Computerbased content delivery for selfpaced learning.
Prerequisite or parallel: MATHS 161 or 165; permission of the department chairperson.
Not open to students who have credit in PHYCS 120.
141 General Physics 1 (Calculusbased) Lab. (1)
Laboratory component to accompany PHYCS 140. Computer simulations and inlab experiments are performed.
Prerequisite or parallel: PHYCS 140.
Not open to students who have credit in PHYCS 120.
142 General Physics 2 (Calculusbased). (4)
Continuation of PHYCS 140. Topics include heat and thermodynamics, Coulomb's Law, electric fields, magnetic fields, AC and DC circuits, geometric and physical optics. Computerbased content delivery for selfpaced learning.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 120 or 140; permission of the department chairperson.
Prerequisite or parallel: MATHS 162 or 166.
Not open to students who have credit in PHYCS 122.
143 General Physics 2 (Calculusbased) Lab. (1)
The laboratory component to accompany PHYCS 142. Computer simulations and inlab experiments are performed.
Prerequisite or parallel: PHYCS 142.
Not open to students who have credit in PHYCS 122.
200 Topics in Physics. (13)
Discussion of specific topics in physics, such as lasers, holography, and solidstate electronics. Designed for students not majoring in Physics, the course requires no math or science background. Students may consult their curricular advisors or the Department of Physics and Astronomy for the specific topics being studied during a given semester.
A total of 3 hours of credit may be earned.
260 Introduction to Modern Physics. (4)
Basic concepts, underlying principles, theories, and applications of modern physics. Some topics include special relativity, quantum physics, atomic structure and models, molecules, solids, nuclei, particles, statistical mechanics, astrophysics, and cosmology. Applications include lasers, scanning tunneling microscopes, semiconductor devices, and nanoelectronics.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 122.
262 Modern Physics Laboratory. (1)
Classic experiments such as the Cavendish measurement of G, determination of Planck’s Constant, Rutherford Scattering, Millikan Oil Drop Experiment, FranckHertz Experiment, and the Hall Effect will be performed. Use of computer software for report generation will be stressed.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 260.
330 Mechanics. (3)
Basic concepts of mechanics, general motion of particles in three dimensions. Simple and damped harmonic motion. Particle dynamics in noninertial frames of reference, central forces. Dynamics of systems of particles. Motion of rigid bodies in three dimensions. Dynamics of oscillation systems.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 120; MATHS 162.
340 Physical Optics. (3)
The electromagnetic wave theory of light, spectra, interference, diffraction, polarization, and double refraction.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 122.
346 Acoustics. (3)
Elements of pure and applied acoustics. Topics include solutions to the wave equation, acoustic impedances, electromechanicalacoustic analogies, directradiator loudspeaker and enclosure theory, and a discussion of room acoustics.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 122.
354 Electronics 1. (4)
Introductory DC and AC circuit theory, semiconductor components, power supplies, transistor amplification; integrated circuit operational amplifiers, active filters, oscillators, and function generators. Basic combinational logic circuits and Boolean algebra. Emphasizes applications of integrated circuits.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 122 or permission of the department chairperson.
356 Electronics 2. (4)
Sequential logic circuits including scalars, displays, memories, shift registers, analogtodigital and digitaltoanalog conversion techniques. Microprocessor architecture and support electronics for microcomputer design. IC chips and circuits for experimenttomicrocomputer interfacing. Use of a microprocessor development system.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 354 or permission of the department chairperson.
360 Introductory Nuclear Techniques. (3)
Emphasizes experimental studies of radioactive disintegrations and decay products and their relation to nuclear structure. Instrumentation in radioisotope measurements. Two lectures and two twohour laboratory periods a week.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 260.
369 Professional Experience. (13)
Paid work and learning experience in applied or theoretical physics or astronomy in an institutional, industrial, or university research or development setting. May occur during one or more semesters.
Prerequisite: approval of proposed program by the department chairperson.
A total of 3 hours of credit may be earned.
370 Introductory Mathematical Physics 1. (3)
Application of mathematical techniques to the formulation and solution of physical problems in classical mechanics, thermodynamics, and electromagnetic theory, and in quantum mechanics. Topics include computer algebra systems and applications.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 122, 260; or permission of the department chairperson.
372 Introductory Mathematical Physics 2. (3)
Techniques in the formulation and solution of physical problems. Computer algebra systems (e.g. Mathematica) may be introduced for the study of topics such as boundary value problems, transforms, special functions of mathematical physics, and applications of tensor analysis in physics.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 122, 260; or permission of the department chairperson.
380 Seminar in Modern Physics. (3)
Seminar covering selected topics in contemporary physics. Extensive use of library facilities including current journals and periodicals in physics. Discussions of current research in physics and related fields.
Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned, but no more than 3 in any one semester or term.
390 Honors Colloquium in Physics. (13)
Exploration of selected topics in physics, with emphasis on individual projects, study, and discussion.
A total of 3 hours of credit may be earned.
Open only to honors students or with permission of the department chairperson.
396 The Teaching of Physics in the Secondary School. (13)
Aims, nature of the subject matter, calculus concepts, and applications in the teaching of physics; amount and nature of laboratory work, standardized tests, and textbooks used in the teaching of physics. No regularly scheduled laboratory.
Prerequisite: 16 hours of credit in physics or permission of the department chairperson.
A total of 3 hours of credit may be earned.
434 Thermodynamics. (3)
Classical and statistical thermodynamics. Basic concepts, principles, and theories of thermodynamics. Equations of state, laws of thermodynamics, introduction to the kinetic theory of gases, and classical and quantum statistics.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 330; MATHS 267 or permission of the department chairperson.
450 Electricity and Magnetism. (3)
Application of vector analysis to electrostatics, dipole and multipole fields, and dielectric theory, alternating currents, magnetic fields, and Maxwell’s equation. No regularly scheduled laboratory.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 122; MATHS 267.
452 Electromagnetic Theory. (3)
Electrostatic boundaryvalue problems, multipoles, dielectrics, magnetostatics, Maxwell’s equation, EM waves and radiation, plasmas, relativistic kinematics and dynamics, and radiation of moving changes.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 450.
461 Elementary Particles. (3)
The nature and behavior of elementary particles through the study of the symmetries and dynamics responsible for their production, reactions, and decays.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 465.
463 Nuclear Physics. (3)
Nucleus and nuclear interactions. Emphasizes experimental facts about nuclear processes in discussions of particle accelerators, detectors, radioactivity (alpha, beta, and gamma decay), interaction of radiation with matter, nuclear reactions, nuclear structure, nuclear models, and nuclear applications in science and technology.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 260.
464 Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. (3)
De Broglie’s postulate, the uncertainty principle, the Schroedinger equation, the free particle, square well potentials, harmonic oscillator, the hydrogen atom, angular momentum and other selected wave mechanics problems. No regularly scheduled laboratory.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 260; MATHS 267.
465 Quantum Mechanics. (3)
Review of barrier problems, the harmonic oscillator, and angular momentum using matrix methods. Problems involving perturbation theory, oneelectron atoms, magnetic moments, spin, relativistic effects, symmetric and antisymmetric wave functions, the helium atom, transition rates, and scattering theory.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 464.
466 Condensed Matter Physics. (3)
Structure and physical properties of matter in the solid state. Electrical and magnetic properties, and band theory of solids with special emphasis on semiconductors.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 260.
469 Immersion Experiences Related to Physics and Astronomy. (3)
Student teams will design and complete a project related to physics and/or astronomy which creates a tangible outcome. Team activities will be multifunctional and multidisciplinary. Students must form a project team and prepare a project outline prior to requesting permission from the department chairperson to enroll for the course.
Prerequisite: permission of the department chairperson.
479 Practical Experience. (13)
Unpaid work and learning experience in applied or theoretical physics or astronomy in an institutional, industrial, or university research or development setting. May occur during one or more semesters.
Prerequisite: approval of a proposed program by the department chairperson.
A total of 3 hours of credit may be earned.
482 Independent Studies in Physics. (13)
Pursuit of special lines of scientific investigation in physics on an individual basis. Experimental work, wide reading, and development of research techniques and skills.
Prerequisite: permission of the department chairperson.
A total of 3 hours of credit may be earned.
483 Seminar in Physics. (12)
Selected literature on current physics, astronomy, education, or other science research. Students will report on departmental seminar series presentations and make presentations on selected research topics.
A total of 2 hours of credit may be earned.
485 Measures of Learning in Physics. (1)
Integration of the fundamental principles underlying undergraduate physics education and related measures of learning. Emphasis is on developing familiarity with the contents of local and national exams in physics which are often reflected in graduate level qualifying exams. Emphasis will be focused on basic concepts in the context of problem solving.
Prerequisite: PHYCS 260, 330.