Undergraduate Course Catalog

Modern Languages and Classics

C. Luke, Chairperson 

The Department of Modern Languages and Classics offers programs in both ancient and modern foreign languages and works closely with other programs and departments to combine foreign language training with other subjects. Classroom instruction in all languages is enhanced by electronic classrooms, multimedia language learning laboratories, and a variety of summer and academic year study abroad and student exchange programs. 
    The department offers foreign language training for students who want to acquire a broad liberal education; enrich preparation for a career; travel, live, or work abroad; or work as translators. Foreign language education courses prepare students for the teaching profession. 
    Students may earn credit for previous language study through either national advanced placement tests or departmentally administered placement tests. Students with prior foreign language study who wish to continue studying their language at the university may take departmentally administered placement tests during the summer orientation program or at any time during the academic year. These tests help determine the appropriate student class placement. Students who have completed more than two years of a foreign language in high school may not normally enroll for credit in the 101 level of that language, except in Chinese, German, and Japanese, or with permission of the chairperson. Students placed in any higher-level course will receive credit for the courses they test out of by earning grades of C or higher in the course into which they are placed. In order to receive placement credit, a student must have taken the placement test and have a record of the score on file. Native speakers who have completed high school studies in their native countries are not eligible for credit in the first- or second-year levels of their native languages. 
    During either term of the senior year, majors in the department are required to complete a summative assessment. Guidelines will be provided by the department. Exceptions will be granted only with the permission of the department chairperson. Results are available to faculty members for assessing programmatic goals. 
    Students should consult with foreign language faculty advisors about arranging courses to meet their needs. The 100- and 200-level courses in foreign languages are sequential and must be taken in order. Only work at the 200 level and above will apply toward any major or minor in the department, except for Chinese, Greek, Japanese (minor), and classical culture, in which first-year courses may be counted. 

MAJOR IN CLASSICAL CULTURE, 33 hours

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CR HRS

6 hours from GRK or LAT at the college level


6

CC
 


HIST


201
202
301
305
461
or
462

Cult Life Gr 
Cult Life Ro 
Cl Lit Trans (3-6) 
Classic Myth  
Dvl Greek Cv (3)

Dvl Roman Cv (3) 

3
3
3
3
 
 
3

12 hours from CC, GRK, LAT, and

COMM
HIST


PHIL
POLS

420
461
or
462
300
312

Classic Rhet (3)
Dvl Greek Cv (3)

Dvl Roman Cv (3)
Hist Ancient (3)
Early W Thot (3)






12


33 hrs
It is strongly recommended that students take CC 105 before taking CC 201 or 202. CC 105 will count toward the 33 hours required for the major. 
    Only 3 credit hours may be earned for the major from CC 101, 102. 
    Only 6 credit hours may be earned for the major from courses other than CC, GRK, HIST, or LAT.


MAJOR IN CLASSICAL LANGUAGES, 33 hours

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CR HRS

Greek option:

GRK
 
 
 
 

101
102
201
202
305

Beginning 1  
Beginning 2  
Intermed 1 
Intermed 2 
Homer

3
3
3
3
3

18 hours from 200- and above level of CC and/or LAT and GRK courses


18


33 hrs
Latin option:

LAT
 
  

201
202
305

Intermed 1  
Intermed 2  
Composition (3-6)

3
3
3

6 hours from LAT courses 
18 hours from 200- and above level of CC and/or LAT and GRK courses

6

18


33 hrs
 
MAJOR IN FRENCH, 33 hours

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NO  

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CR HRS

FR
      
     
  
 

201
202
301
302
360

Intermed 1  
Intermed 2 
Conversation  
Composition 
Int Fr Lit R

3
3
3
3
3

18 hours from 300- and 400-level
FR courses


18


33 hrs
 
MAJOR IN GERMAN, 33 hours

PREFIX     

NO 

SHORT TITLE

CR HRS

GER 
     
     
  

201
202
301
302

Intermed 1  
Intermed 2 
Conversation  
Composition 

3
3
3
3

21 hours from 300- and 400-level
GER courses


21


33 hrs

MAJOR IN JAPANESE, 37 hours

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NO 

SHORT TITLE

CR HRS

JAPAN  

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
     
  
 

201
202
301
302 
303
304
334
337
338
401
or
402
403

Intermed 1 
Intermed 2 
Advan 1 
Advan 2 
Rdg Skills 
Composition 
Culture Civ 
Linguistics 
Business Jpn 
Contemp Lit (3) 
 
Classic Lit (3) 
Adv Rdg Writ

4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
 

3
3


37 hrs
JAPAN 402 may substitute for JAPAN 401. HIST 496 (Modern Japan) may substitute for either JAPAN 334 or JAPAN 401.
 
MAJOR IN SPANISH, 33 hours

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NO 

SHORT TITLE

CR HRS

SP  

 
 
 
 
 
 

201
202
301
302
360 
401
or
402

Intermed 1 
Intermed 2 
Conversation 
Composition 
In Hisp Read  
His Span Lit (3) 
   
Hist Spa Lit (3)

3
3
3
3
3
 

3

15 hours from
300- and 400-level SP courses


15


33 hrs
 
MINOR IN CHINESE, 22-23 hours

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NO 

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CH




102
201
202 
301
334

Beginning 2 
Intermed 1 
Intermed 2 
Advan 1 
Culture Civ

4
4
4
4
  3  

Electives, 3-4 hours from

CH
 
 
 
HIST

302
338
400
498
495

Advan 2 (4) 
Business Chn (3) 
Study Abroad (3-9) 
Readings (1-9)
Modern China (3)





3-4


22-23 hrs
HIST 495 may substitute for CH 334 with permission of the department chairperson.
 
MINOR IN CLASSICAL CULTURE, 15 hours

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NO 

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CR HRS

CC  
 

301 
305

Cl Lit Trans (3-6) 
Classic Myth

3
3

9 hours from CC, GRK, and LAT
courses


9


15 hrs
 
MINOR IN CLASSICAL LANGUAGES, 15 hours

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NO 

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CR HRS

Greek option:

GRK
  
  
 
  

101
102
201
202
305

Beginning 1 
Beginning 2 
Intermed 1 
Intermed 2 
Homer

3
3
3
3
3


15 hrs
Latin option:

LAT  
  
 

201 
202
305

Intermed 1 
Intermed 2 
Composition (3-6)

3
3
3

6 hours from 300-400 level CC and LAT courses


6


15 hrs
 
MINOR IN FRENCH, 15 hours

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NO 

SHORT TITLE

CR HRS

FR  
 

 

201
202
301
302

Intermed 1 
Intermed 2 
Conversation 
Composition

3
3
3
3

3 hours from 300- and 400-level
FR courses


3


15 hrs
 
MINOR IN GERMAN, 15 hours

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NO 

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CR HRS

GER  
  

 

201
202
301
302

Intermed 1 
Intermed 2 
Conversation 
Composition 

3
3
3
3

3 hours from 300- and 400-level
GER courses


3


15 hrs
 
MINOR IN JAPANESE, 22 hours

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NO 

SHORT TITLE

CR HRS

JAPAN   
  
 
 
  

101
102
201
202 
334

Beg Jpn 1 
Beg Jpn 2 
Intermed 1 
Intermed 2 
Culture Civ 

4
4
4
4
3

3 hours from

JAPAN
 
 

303
304
338

Rdg Skills (3) 
Composition (3) 
Business Jpn (3)



3


22 hrs
HIST 496 (Modern Japan) may substitute for JAPAN 334 with permission of the department chairperson.

MINOR IN SPANISH, 15 hours

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NO 

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CR HRS

SP  
  
 
 

201
202
301 
302

Intermed 1 
Intermed 2 
Conversation 
Composition  

3
3
3
3

3 hours from

300- and 400-level SP courses 

3


15 hrs
 
 
TEACHER EDUCATION

Teaching programs require additional courses in educational methods. The professional education courses are included in this listing. See the Department of Educational Studies and Teachers College for the descriptions of these courses and other professional requirements of the teacher education program. In addition to required courses in educational methods, students seeking a license to teach in the modern foreign languages are required to complete a study program where the target language is spoken. The department and university will assist the student in finding a placement. Exceptions will be granted rarely and only with the permission of the chairperson and faculty of the respective language. (Students of Latin will design a program of cultural study in consultation with the Classics faculty.) Students are also required to compile and submit artifacts for their teaching portfolios that conform to the standards stipulated by the Indiana Professional Standards Board. For specific requirements, students should see the licensure area Web site or handbook.


SENIOR HIGH, JUNIOR HIGH/MIDDLE SCHOOL
EDUCATION PROGRAM

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Professional education sequence, 40 hours

EDFON 
EDJHM
EDMUL
EDPSY
  
EDSEC
FL  


   

420
385
205
251
390
380
150
295
395
396

Fnds of Educ
Prin Mid Sch
Multi Educ  
Dev Sec Ed 
Educ Psychol    
Prin Sec Sch    
Int For Lang  
Fl Field Exp
Tch For Lang 
Tech Assess

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
1
3
3

Student teaching

12


40 hrs
See Professional Education Assessment/Decision Points for additional information.

TEACHING MAJOR IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE:
FRENCH, 36 hours

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NO 

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CR HRS

FR  
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

201
202
301 
302
334
or
335
360
401
402

Intermed 1 
Intermed 2  
Conversation 
Composition 
Civ Cult Old (3) 

Civ Cult Mod (3)  
Int Fr Lit R 
Hist Lit 1 
Hist Lit 2

3
3
3
3


3
3
3
3

12 hours from 300- and 400-level FR courses


12


36 hrs

TEACHING MAJOR IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE:
GERMAN, 36 hours

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NO   

SHORT TITLE

CR HRS

GER  
    


 
201
202
301
302
335
Intermed 1 
Intermed 2
Conversation
Composition 
Civ Cult

3
3
3
3
3

6 hours from
GER 

 

 
 
361
362
363
401
402
403
Intro Lit 1 (3)
Intro Lit 2 (3) 
Intro Lit 3 (3)
Hist Lit 1 (3)
Hist Lit 2 (3) 
Hist Lit 3 (3)






6

15 hours from 300- and 400-level GER courses


15


36 hrs

TEACHING MAJOR IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE:
JAPANESE, 37 hours

PREFIX     

NO  

SHORT TITLE

CR HRS

HIST
JAPAN
 
 
  
 


496
201
202
301
302
334
337
401

Modern Japan 
Intermed 1  
Intermed 2  
Advan 1 
Advan 2  
Culture Civ 
Linguistics 
Contemp Lit   

3
4
4
4
4
3
3
3

9 hours from 300- and 400-level JAPAN courses


9


37 hrs
 
TEACHING MAJOR IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE:
LATIN, 36 hours

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NO 

SHORT TITLE

CR HRS

CC   

LAT
  
   

105
301
201
202
305

Classic Wrld
Cl Lit Trans (3-6)
Intermed 1 
Intermed 2 
Composition (3-6)

3
3
3
3
3

9-12 hours from 300- and 400-level LAT courses 


9-12

9-12 hours from CC, GRK, and LAT courses 


9-12


36 hrs
 
TEACHING MAJOR IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE:
SPANISH, 36 hours

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NO 

SHORT TITLE

CR HRS

SP












201
202
301
302
303
334
or
335
340
360
401
or
402

Intermed 1 
Intermed 2 
Conversation 
Composition 
Grammar 
Civ Cult Sp (3) 

Civ Cult L A (3) 
Linguistics 
In Hisp Read 
His Span Lit (3)

Hist Spa Lit (3)

3
3
3
3
3


3
3
3


3

9 hours from
300- and 400-level SP courses  


9


36 hrs

CLASSICAL CULTURE (CC)

101 Word Origins and Vocabulary Development. (3)
English vocabulary derived from Latin and Greek, emphasizing word formation as a means of expanding and enriching students’ vocabularies. No knowledge of Latin or Greek is required.

102 Latin and Greek Based Bio-scientific Terminology. (3)
Analysis, formation, and recognition of technical vocabulary derived from Latin and Greek commonly used in the medical and life sciences. No knowledge of Latin or Greek is required.

105 Introduction to the Classical World. (3)
Main features of the civilization of the Greeks and Romans—their history, political institutions, art, literature, and philosophy. Explores through lectures, readings, and audiovisual materials the nature of the ancients’ contribution to Western civilizations.

201 Cultural Life of Ancient Greece. (3)
A close, interpretive view of Greek cultural values, customs, and institutions, such as individualism, ideals of beauty, social experimentation, competitiveness, and intellectual curiosity, as evidenced in primary sources.

202 Cultural Life of Ancient Rome. (3)
A close, interpretive view of Roman cultural values, customs, and institutions, such as respect for tradition, rule of law, social responsibility, and technical expertise, as evidenced in primary sources.

203 The Classical World in Film. (3)
Aspects of ancient civilization depicted in film (such as Roman history, Greek mythology, etc.). An examination of the accuracy of such portrayals through comparison with ancient sources. The place of such films in the history of cinema. Topics will vary.

205 Mythologies of the World. (3)
Classical mythology (Greek and Roman) will represent Western tradition in a comparative study with other mythologies of the world. Emphasizes understanding mythologies as symbolic cultural systems expressing societal values.

301 Classical Literature in English Translation. (3-6)
Selections from the major works of Greek and Roman literature and their continuing influence on Western literature. Emphasizes prose and poetry in alternate terms. 
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.

302 Women in Antiquity. (3)
The study of women in ancient Greece and Rome, based on evidence from literary and nonliterary sources. Explores the influence of social, political, and legal institutions on the status of women and on their relationships with men.

303 Greek and Roman Cults. (3)
Introduces the religions of the ancient Greeks and Romans and examines the nature of their cult activities and theological speculations. Topics include prayer, sacrifice, feasting, ritual, scripture, myth, clergy, etc.

304 The Ancient City. (3)
Life of the ancient city as mirrored in archaeological and literary sources. The concept of the city, its art and architecture, with special emphasis on Periclean Athens and Augustan Rome.

305 Classical Myth and Theory. (3)
Major themes of classical myths: creation, the divine and human family, life of the hero, the quest, monsters, etc. Study and employment of modern theories of analysis: myth-ritual, psychological, structuralist, etc. 
    Prerequisite recommended: CC 205.

401 Ancient Epic. (3)
Greek and Roman epics studied as genres, as predecessors of Western epics, and as reflections of their cultures; selections will vary. 
    Prerequisite: CC 105, 301 or permission of the instructor.

402 Ancient Drama. (3)
Greek and Roman tragedy and comedy studied as genres, as predecessors of Western drama, and as reflections of their cultures; selections will vary. 
    Prerequisite: CC 105, 301 or permission of the instructor.

403 Ancient Historiography. (3)
Examines the origin and development of the genre of ancient history as well as the nature of ancient testimony and records. Authors include Herodotus, Thucydides, Plutarch, Livy, Tacitus, and Suetonius. 
    Prerequisite: CC 105 and either CC 201, 202, 301, HIST 461 or 462.

404 Special Topics in Antiquity. (3)
Special research topics in classical culture, including period, author and genre topics, and methods. 
    Prerequisite: either CC 401, 402, 403 or permission of the instructor.

498 Readings. (1-9)
Individualized course of reading or limited research to allow students to explore special topics in classical antiquity. 
    A total of 9 hours of credit may be earned.

CHINESE (CH)

101 Beginning Chinese 1. (4)
The first course in the Chinese language.

102 Beginning Chinese 2. (4)
The second course in the Chinese language. 
    Prerequisite: CH 101.

201 Intermediate Chinese 1. (4)
Designed to build on a foundation of first-year Chinese to help students achieve greater fluency in oral expression and to emphasize the reading of Chinese character texts containing both old and simplified character forms. Grammar will be taught through the use of sentence patterns, and character writing will be practiced. Traditional and contemporary aspects of Chinese culture will also be taught. 
    Prerequisite: CH 102.

202 Intermediate Chinese 2. (4)
Designed to build on the foundation laid thus far in Chinese and to help students achieve greater fluency in the four basic skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Students will read newspapers, short stories, and essays by modern authors with the help of a dictionary and will write short compositions in Hanzi on their readings. 
    Prerequisite: CH 201.

301 Advanced Chinese 1. (4)
Designed for students with credit in CH 202. Further skill development in the idiomatic use of the Chinese language and increased understanding of Chinese culture. 
    Prerequisite: CH 202 or two years of study in the Chinese language at the college level (or the equivalent).

302 Advanced Chinese 2. (4)
Designed for students with credit in CH 301. Enhances skills in fluent idiomatic use of the Chinese language and understanding of Chinese culture. Includes an introduction to some of the masterpeices of Chinese literature in translation. 
    Prerequisite: CH 301 or its equivalent.

334 Chinese Culture and Civilization. (3)
An advanced course in Chinese culture and civilization intended for students who are interested in learning Chinese culture(s) and civilization. 
    Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.

338 Business Chinese. (3)
Provides a descriptive introduction to Chinese business culture embedded in Chinese culture and provides training in Chinese business language with an emphasis on various commercial forms and terminology used in business, banking, and other industries. Culture component taught in English. 
    Prerequisite: CH 202 or two years of study in the target language at the college level (or the equivalent).

400 Chinese Study Abroad. (3- 9)
Study of intermediate or advanced Chinese language(s), literature, or culture(s) in a foreign country where students are immersed within the Chinese culture. May include seminars arranged during travel. 
    Prerequisite: permission of the department chairperson. 
    A total of 9 hours of credit may be earned.

498 Readings. (1-9)
Individualized readings or research to allow students to explore special topics with an individual instructor. 
    Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. 
    A total of 9 hours of credit may be earned.

FOREIGN LANGUAGES (FL)

150 Introduction to Foreign Language Education at the Secondary Level. (3)
An introduction to foreign language teaching at the secondary level. Emphasis on establishing an informed teaching philosophy, fostering basic skills for teaching foreign language, and beginning preparation for teacher licensure. Discussion of state and national standards for foreign language teaching and initial development of the digital portfolio. 
    Not open to students who have credit in EDSEC 150.

205 The French-Speaking World. (3)
Survey of political, cultural, and literary history in areas colonized by France: Quebec, the Caribbean, North Africa, West Africa. Topics include geography, government, and differences in Francophone and Anglophone colonization, using socio-political and literary works.

295 Foreign Language Field Experience. (1)
Early field experiences in local middle school and high school foreign language classes. Continued development of the digital teaching portfolio and creation of artifacts relating to language, culture, and stereotypes. 
    Prerequisite: FL 150; sophomore standing or permission of the department chairperson. 
    Open only to foreign language teaching majors.

299X Experimental/Developmental Topics. (3-6)
Topics relevant to the discipline. Course titles will be announced before each semester. 
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.

305 Foreign Literatures in Translation. (3)
Readings in English translation of selected works of major writers in one of the foreign languages taught in this department. Topics and works may vary. May not be applied to foreign language majors or minors.

306 Foreign Culture through Films. (3)
Study of cultures of the countries whose languages are taught in this department through the medium of foreign contemporary and classic films. May not be applied to foreign language majors or minors.

307 European Women Writers. (3)
Readings in English translation of selected works of major twentieth-century women writers in European languages. Topics and works may vary. May not be applied to foreign language majors or minors.

308 European Culture through Films. (3)
Study of the cultures of European countries through the medium of films. Topics and films may vary. May not be applied to foreign language majors or minors.

350 Elementary World Language Teaching Methods. (3)
Focuses on philosophy, approaches, methods, and materials needed to teach a world language in elementary school settings. Emphasizes teaching skill development, communicative language development, cultural awareness, performance-based assessment, state and national standards, technology, classroom management, field experiences, and continued portfolio development. 
    Prerequisite: EDPSY 250 or 251; FL 295; two years of college credit or the equivalent in a modern or classical language and identification to pursue a teaching curriculum. 
    Open only to education majors or minors.

369 Professional Experience. (3-6)
Paid, supervised work experience integrating foreign and classical language skills with career-related positions in international firms, the travel industry, and local, state, and federal agencies. Work assignments may be part- or full-time for one or more semesters in approved cooperative education (co-op) or internship programs. 
    Prerequisite: a minimum of two years of university-level foreign language study and permission of the department chairperson. 
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.

390 Honors Colloquium in Foreign Literature. (2-4)
Selected readings and in-depth exploration and discussion of literary currents, movements, authors, and themes found in foreign literature. 
    Prerequisite: junior standing in the Honors College or permission of the department chairperson. 
    A total of 4 hours of credit may be earned.

395 Methods and Materials for Teaching Foreign Language. (3)
Current methods in foreign language teaching in the senior high school. Presentation, texts, teaching materials, CAI, and other supplementary aids. Reviews current professional literature, trends, and requirements. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college credit or the equivalent in a modern or classical language and identification to pursue a teaching curriculum. 
    Prerequisite or parallel recommended: EDSEC 380; EDJHM 385.

396 Technology and Assessment in Foreign Language. (3)
Current theory and practice of technology and assessment in the foreign language classroom. Evaluation of resources, preparation of instructional materials and instruments, articulation and integration of technology and assessment into curricula and lesson plans. Audio, video, and computer-based technologies. Assessment of oral, aural, writing, reading, and culture. 
    Prerequisite recommended: FL 395. 
    Open only to education majors or minors.

479 Practical Experience. (3-6)
Non-paid, supervised work experience integrating foreign and classical language skills with career-related positions in international firms, the travel industry, and local, state, and federal agencies. Work assignments may be part- or full-time for one or more semesters in approved cooperative education (co-op) or internship programs. 
    Prerequisite: a minimum of two years of university-level foreign language study; permission of the department chairperson. 
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.

490 Independent Study. (1-9)
Topics to be chosen and investigated in consultation with the individual instructor. 
    A total of 9 hours of credit may be earned.

FRENCH (FR)

101 Beginning French 1. (4)
The first course in the French language.

102 Beginning French 2. (4) 
    Prerequisite: FR 101.

201 Intermediate French 1. (3) 
    Prerequisite: FR 102.

202 Intermediate French 2. (3) 
    Prerequisite: FR 201.

301 Conversation. (3)
Practice in oral French to increase fluency and authenticity through activities and conversation. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college French or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

302 Composition. (3)
Practice in written French with review of grammatical structures. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college French or the equivalent.

303 Grammar. (3)
An advanced study of French grammar, stressing creative expression in the language. 
    Prerequisite: FR 302 or its equivalent.

334 Civilization and Culture: The Old Regime. (3)
Contributions made by France from the beginnings to the French Revolution. Origins of historical and cultural traditions. Supplemental literary selections. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college French or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

335 Civilization and Culture: Modern France. (3)
Development of modern France from the French Revolution to the present. Assimilation of traditions into the culture of the industrial age. Supplemental literary selections. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college French or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

337 Phonetics. (3)
Formation of speech sounds in the French language and the application of phonetics to the understanding and speaking of French. Use of the International Phonetic Alphabet. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college French or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

338 Business French. (3)
Designed to make advanced French students familiar with commercial forms and terminology used in business, banking, and industry. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college French or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

360 Introduction to French Literary Readings. (3)
Selected readings from several literary genres (e g., drama, lyric poetry, narrative) drawn from various periods of French literary history; writing on selected literary topics. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college French or permission of the department chairperson.

400 French Study Abroad. (3-9)
Study of intermediate or advanced French language, literature, and culture in a foreign country where French is the native language. May include seminars arranged during travel. 
    A total of 9 hours of credit may be earned.

401 History of French Literature 1. (3)
From the beginnings to 1760. Literature of the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, and the classical age to 1760. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college French or permission of the department chairperson. 
    Prerequisite recommended: FR 360 or its equivalent.

402 History of French Literature 2. (3)
From the classical age to the present. The development of eighteenth-century philosophies, romanticism, realism, naturalism, and symbolism in French literature; literature of modern France. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college French or permission of the department chairperson. 
    Prerequisite recommended: FR 360 or its equivalent.

403 Seminar in French Literature. (3-9)
Seminar studies by author, genre, period, or theme. Topic to be announced. 
    Prerequisite: six semesters of French or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson. 
    A total of 9 hours of credit may be earned.

404 Seminar in French Language or Civilization. (3-9)
Seminar studies in grammar, style, conversation, or civilization. Topic to be announced. 
    Prerequisite: six semesters of French or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson. 
    A total of 9 hours of credit may be earned.

470 French Immersive Study Abroad. (1-3)
Immersive capstone study of advanced French language, literature, and culture in a foreign country where French is the native language. 
    Prerequisite: permission of the department chairperson. 
    A total of 3 hours of credit may be earned.

498 Readings. (1-9)
Individualized reading or research to allow students to explore special topics with an individual instructor. 
    Prerequisite: three years of college French or the equivalent. 
    A total of 9 hours of credit may be earned.

GERMAN (GER)

101 Beginning German 1. (4)
Introduction to vocabulary and structures needed for basic communication in German.

102 Beginning German 2. (4)
Continuing study of vocabulary and structure needed for communication in German. 
    Prerequisite: GER 101 or its equivalent.

201 Intermediate German 1. (3)
Study of more advanced vocabulary and structure needed for communication in German. 
    Prerequisite: GER 102 or its equivalent.

202 Intermediate German 2. (3)
Reading of representative German authors of moderate difficulty. Review of grammar needed for reading and writing German. 
    Prerequisite: GER 201 or its equivalent.

301 Conversation. (3)
Extensive practice in oral German and in German grammar to increase fluency and communicative skills in the language. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college German or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

302 Composition. (3)
Extensive practice in written German with review of grammatical structure of the language. 
    Prerequisite: GER 301 or permission of the department chairperson.

303 Grammar. (3)
Advanced, in-depth study of German grammar and stylistic expression. 
    Prerequisite: GER 302 or permission of the department chairperson.

334 Contemporary German Culture. (3)
Lectures, readings, and audiovisual materials introducing present-day social mores of Germany. Comparison of American and German cultures. Taught in English. Not for German major or minor credit except by permission of the department chairperson.

335 Civilization and Culture. (3)
Civilization and cultural development of the Germans from ancient times to the present. Taught in German. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college German or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

337 Phonetics. (3)
Formation of speech sounds in the German language and the application of phonetics and phonemics in the understanding and speaking of German. Use of the International Phonetic Alphabet. 
    Prerequisite: two years of German or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

338 Business German. (3)
Designed to make advanced German students familiar with commercial forms and terminology used in business, banking, and industry. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college German or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

361 Introduction to German Literature 1. (3)
Selections from prose, short stories, and Novellen of German literature, designed to develop an appreciation of the literary heritage of Germany. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college German or the equivalent.

362 Introduction to German Literature 2. (3)
Selections from the dramas and radio plays of German literature. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college German or the equivalent.

363 Introduction to German Literature 3. (3)
Selections from poetry, folksongs, and ballads of Germany. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college German or the equivalent.

400 German Study Abroad. (3-9)
Study of intermediate or advanced German language, literature, and culture in a foreign country where German is spoken as a native language. May include seminars arranged during travel. 
    A total of 9 hours of credit may be earned.

401 History of German Literature 1. (3)
German literature from its beginnings through the age of Goethe. A survey of German literary trends from earliest times to the classical period. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college German or the equivalent.

402 History of German Literature 2. (3)
German literature from early to late nineteenth century. The development of nineteenth-century philosophies, romanticism, and realism. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college German or the equivalent.

403 History of German Literature 3. (3)
From the late nineteenth century to the present, from naturalism to the literature of modern Germany. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college German or the equivalent.

470 German Immersive Study Abroad. (1-3)
Immersive capstone study of advanced German language, literature, and culture in a foreign country where German is the native language. 
    Prerequisite: permission of the department chairperson. 
    A total of 3 hours of credit may be earned.

498 Readings. (1-9)
Individual reading or research to allow students to explore special topics with an individual instructor. 
    Prerequisite: three years of college German or the equivalent. 
    A total of 9 hours of credit may be earned.

GREEK (GRK)

101 Beginning Greek 1. (3)
Introduction to ancient Greek. Emphasizes the alphabet, pronunciation, elementary grammar, and preparation of students for readings in classical and New Testament Greek.

102 Beginning Greek 2. (3) 
    Prerequisite: GRK 101 or its equivalent.

201 Intermediate Greek 1. (3)
Intensive grammar review and readings from classical and New Testament sources. 
    Prerequisite: GRK 102 or the equivalent.

202 Intermediate Greek 2. (3) 
    Prerequisite: GRK 201 or the equivalent.

301 Advanced Greek 1. (3) 
    Prerequisite: 9 hours of college Greek or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

302 Advanced Greek 2. (3) 
    Prerequisite: 9 hours of college Greek or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

305 Homer. (3)
Selected readings from the Iliad and/or the Odyssey. Studies the topics of epic composition, dialect, Bronze and Archaic Age archaeology and social organization, and Homeric scholarship. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college Greek.

498 Readings. (1-9)
Individualized readings or research to explore special topics with an individual instructor. 
    Prerequisite: 15 hours of college Greek. 
    A total of 9 hours of credit may be earned.

ITALIAN (ITAL)

101 Beginning Italian 1. (4)
The first course in the Italian language.

102 Beginning Italian 2. (4) 
    Prerequisite: ITAL 101 or its equivalent.

JAPANESE (JAPAN)

101 Beginning Japanese 1. (4)
The first course in beginning Japanese language.

102 Beginning Japanese 2. (4)
The second course in beginning Japanese language. 
    Prerequisite: JAPAN 101.

201 Intermediate Japanese 1. (4)
Designed for students with credit in JAPAN 101 and 102. Further develops skills in listening, speaking, reading, and writing Japanese, and increases knowledge of Japanese culture. 
    Prerequisite: JAPAN 102 or its equivalent.

202 Intermediate Japanese 2. (4)
Designed for students with credit in JAPAN 201. Further enhances skills in listening, speaking, reading, and writing Japanese, and increases understanding of Japanese culture. 
    Prerequisite: JAPAN 201 or its equivalent.

301 Advanced Japanese 1. (4)
Designed for students with credit in JAPAN 202. Further skill development in the idiomatic use of the Japanese language and increased understanding of Japanese culture. 
    Prerequisite: JAPAN 202 or its equivalent.

302 Advanced Japanese 2. (4)
Designed for students with credit in JAPAN 301. Enhances skills in fluent idiomatic use of the Japanese language, understanding of Japanese culture. Includes an introduction to some of the masterpieces of Japanese literature in translation. 
    Prerequisite: JAPAN 301 or its equivalent.

303 Readings in Japanese. (3)
Designed to build vocabulary, reading skills, and recognition of kanji using progressively more difficult authentic materials: signs, schedules, menus, bulletins, information sheets, and selections from newspapers, journals, and contemporary literature. 
    Prerequisite: JAPAN 202 or its equivalent or permission of the instructor.

304 Composition. (3)
Designed to develop practice in writing simple everyday communications such as correspondence, forms, reports, and short compositions. Stress on developing grammar skills, use of kanji, and use of set conventional forms. 
    Prerequisite: JAPAN 202 or its equivalent or permission of the instructor.

334 Japanese Culture and Civilization. (3)
Survey of the origins and development of Japanese culture: art, literature, religion, philosophy, political and social institutions from earliest to modern times. An overview of cultural traditions for those with a general interest in Japan. Taught primarily in English. 
    Prerequisite: JAPAN 202 or its equivalent or permission of the instructor.

337 Japanese Linguistics. (3)
Introduction to Japanese linguistics, particularly phonological and syntactical structures and communication patterns. Readings and discussions include an examination of the similarities and differences between Japanese and English. 
    Prerequisite: JAPAN 202 or permission of the instructor.

338 Business Japanese. (3)
Designed to make advanced Japanese students familiar with commercial forms and terminology used in business, banking, and industry as well as Japanese corporate culture. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college Japanese or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

400 Japanese Study Abroad. (3-9)
Study of intermediate or advanced Japanese language, literature, and culture in a foreign country where Japanese is the native language. May include seminars arranged during travel. 
    Prerequisite: permission of the department chairperson. 
    A total of 9 hours of credit may be earned.

401 Contemporary Masterpieces. (3)
Reading and discussion of selected modern Japanese literary texts concentrating on selections from poetry, short stories, essays, and novels such as Snow Country by Kawabata and Golden Temple by Mishima. Readings in English translation and Japanese. 
    Prerequisite: JAPAN 202 or its equivalent or permission of the instructor. 
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned, but no more than 3 in any one semester or term.

402 Classical Masterpieces. (3)
Introduction to classical Japanese texts of literary and historical significance. Includes The Tale of Genji, Tale of the Heike, and selections from other major works of fiction, poetry, essay, and drama. Readings are in English translation and Japanese. 
    Prerequisite: JAPAN 202 or its equivalent or permission of the instructor. 
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned, but no more than 3 in any one semester or term.

403 Advanced Reading and Writing. (3)
Designed to develop practice in reading and writing at a level high enough to function in business and industry. Stress on developing vocabulary, Kanji characters, and conventional forms. 
    Prerequisite: JAPAN 303, 304; permission of the department chairperson.

470 Japanese Immersive Study Abroad. (1-3)
Immersive capstone study of advanced Japanese language, literature, and culture in a foreign country where Japanese is the native language. 
    Prerequisite: permission of the department chairperson. 
    A total of 3 hours of credit may be earned.

498 Readings. (1-6)
Individualized readings in English or Japanese on a Japanese topic selected with the advice and direction of the instructor. 
    Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. 
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.

LATIN (LAT)

101 Beginning Latin 1. (3)
Introduction to Latin. Emphasizes pronunciation, elementary grammar, composition, and translation of simple Latin passages.

102 Beginning Latin 2. (3) 
    Prerequisite: LAT 101 or its equivalent.

201 Intermediate Latin 1. (3)
Intensive grammar review and readings from Latin prose and poetry. 
    Prerequisite: LAT 102 or its equivalent.

202 Intermediate Latin 2. (3) 
    Prerequisite: LAT 201 or its equivalent.

301 Introduction to Prose 1. (3)
Selections from Caesar, Cicero, Livy, and others. 
    Prerequisite: 9 hours of college Latin or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

302 Introduction to Poetry 1. (3)
Selections from Ovid, Vergil, and others. 
    Prerequisite: 9 hours of college Latin or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

303 Introduction to Prose 2. (3-6)
Selections from Tacitus, Suetonius, Sallust, and others. 
    Prerequisite: 9 hours of college Latin or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson. 
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.

304 Introduction to Poetry 2. (3)
Selections from Roman comedy, Horace, Catullus, and others. 
    Prerequisite: 9 hours of college Latin or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

305 Prose Composition. (3-6)
Detailed grammar review, analysis of Latin prose style, and composition of extended passages in Latin. 
    Prerequisite: 9 hours of college Latin or the equivalent. 
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.

401 History of Literature 1. (3)
Survey of Latin literature from the beginnings to the fall of the republic. 
    Prerequisite: three years of college Latin or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

402 History of Literature 2. (3)
Survey of Latin literature from Augustus to the end of the empire. 
    Prerequisite: three years of college Latin or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

403 Seminar in Latin Prose. (3-6)
Cicero. 
    Prerequisite: three years of college Latin or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson. 
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.

404 Seminar in Latin Poetry. (3-6)
Juvenal, Vergil, and Lucretius. 
    Prerequisite: three years of college Latin or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson. 
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.

498 Readings. (1-9)
Individualized readings or research to allow students to explore special topics with an individual instructor. 
    Prerequisite: three years of college Latin or the equivalent. 
    A total of 9 hours of credit may be earned.

SPANISH (SP)

101 Beginning Spanish 1. (4)
The first course in the Spanish language.

102 Beginning Spanish 2. (4) 
    Prerequisite: SP 101.

201 Intermediate Spanish 1. (3) 
    Prerequisite: SP 102 or its equivalent.

202 Intermediate Spanish 2. (3) 
    Prerequisite: SP 201 or its equivalent.

301 Conversation. (3)
Practice in oral Spanish to increase fluency and authenticity through activities and discussion. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college Spanish or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

302 Composition. (3)
Practice in written Spanish with review of grammatical structures. Stress on original composition. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college Spanish or the equivalent.

303 Grammar. (3)
An advanced study of Spanish grammar, stressing creative expression in the language. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college Spanish or the equivalent.

334 Spanish Civilization and Culture. (3)
An examination of Spanish history and culture through lectures, readings, and discussions. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college Spanish or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

335 Latin-American Civilization and Culture. (3)
A panoramic view of the culture and customs of the various Latin-American countries. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college Spanish or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

337 Phonetics. (3)
Formation of speech sounds in the Spanish language and the application of phonetics and phonemics to the understanding, speaking, and teaching of Spanish. Use of the International Phonetic Alphabet. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college Spanish or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

338 Business Spanish. (3)
Designed to make advanced Spanish students familiar with commercial correspondence forms and terminology used in business, banking, and industry. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college Spanish or the equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

340 Introduction to Spanish Linguistics. (3)
Explores origin of the Spanish language, delineates major contrastive linguistic features between English and Spanish, and includes elements of phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and historical events pertinent to linguistic developments. 
    Prerequisite: SP 301, 302 and at least one other 300-level class (SP 337 recommended).

360 Introduction to Hispanic Literary Readings. (3)
Selected readings from several literary genres (e.g. drama, lyric poetry, narrative) drawn from various periods of Spanish and Latin American history; writing on selected literary topics. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college Spanish or permission of the department chairperson.

400 Spanish Study Abroad. (3-9)
Study of intermediate or advanced Spanish language, literature, and culture in a foreign country where Spanish is the native language. May include seminars arranged during travel. 
    A total of 9 hours of credit may be earned.

401 History of Spanish Literature. (3)
Analysis of works and periods in Spanish literature from the beginning to the present. Reading and discussion will include the rudiments of literary criticism. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college Spanish or the equivalent. 
    Prerequisite recommended: SP 360.

402 History of Spanish-American Literature. (3)
Analysis of works and periods in Spanish-America from the early PreHispanic texts to the present. Reading and discussion will include the rudiments of literary criticism. 
    Prerequisite: two years of college Spanish or the equivalent. 
    Prerequisite recommended: SP 360.

403 Seminar in Literature. (3-9)
Topics vary according to genre, author, or period and will be studied in depth. Intensive study of authors of a selected period from Spain or Latin America. Research and reports. 
    Prerequisite: SP 360 or 401 or 402 or the equivalent. 
    A total of 9 hours of credit may be earned.

404 Seminar in Language. (3)
Topics vary and will be announced. Topics may be, among others, advanced grammar, linguistics, conversation, composition, translation, or Spanish for the professions. 
    Prerequisite: three years of college Spanish or the equivalent.

498 Readings. (1-9)
Individual reading or research to allow students to explore special topics with an individual instructor. 
    Prerequisite: three years of college Spanish or the equivalent. 
    A total of 9 hours of credit may be earned.