J. Wies, Chairperson

As the study of humankind, anthropology is part of the social sciences at Ball State University. It draws upon theory, methodology, and data from the humanities and biological sciences as well. Cultural anthropology is concerned with the ways people organize themselves socially in different types of groups. Archaeology is concerned with how human culture has evolved and changed through time. Biological anthropology examines the evolution and adaptation of the species, and explores variations among past and present living populations, the biological bases of human behavior, and primate studies. Linguistics, which is taught in the Ball State University Department of English, is concerned with the nature and history of language and its role in human culture. The department offers cultural field trips in the United States and cultural field schools abroad, prehistoric and historic archaeological field schools, educational opportunities through Ball State’s Applied Anthropology Laboratory, and internship opportunities.

The anthropology major offers a core program designed to develop a foundation in anthropology and four specialized concentrations. Concentration 1 is intended for majors interested in a general degree in anthropology that covers cultural anthropology, archaeology, and biological anthropology. Concentration 2 is intended for majors specializing in archaeology including those who will continue their studies in a graduate program or who intend to pursue careers in cultural resource management. Concentration 3 is intended for majors who are interested in applied work in cultural anthropology. Concentration 4 is intended for majors who are interested in biological application within anthropology such as forensics and medical anthropology. All four concentrations prepare students for graduate studies. A concentration for department honors is also available. The department also offers a minor in anthropology.


MAJOR IN ANTHROPOLOGY (BA/BS), 33-36 credits

PREFIX

NO

SHORT TITLE

CREDITS

Core requirements, 12 credits

ANTH


 

101
103
105
401

Intro to Cultural Anthropology
Archaeology and Culture
Introduction Biological Anth
Hist Method and Theory in Anth

3
3
3
3





12
Complete one concentration (in addition to 12 credits
required from anthropology core)

   
Concentration 1: General anthropology, 21 credits
3 credits from methodology  
 

ANTH








204
242
407
409
416
417
429
459
463
471

Fundamentals of Archaeology (3)
Folklore and Folklife (3)
Applied Anthropology (3)
Digital Anthropology (3)
Human Osteology (3)
Forensic Anthropology (3)
Lab Methods in Material Cult (3)
Enthographic Methods (3)
Theor and Meth Hist Arch (3)
Ethnohistory (3)

 








3

3 credits from cultural anthropology (completed methods course does not count here; ANTH 427 can count as cult or bio elective, but not both)  

ANTH











204
231
311
312
321
331
332
342
370
380
407
409
427
441
451
452
460
481
482

Fundamentals of Archaeology (3)
Intro Native American Studies (3)
Ethnicity and Race (3)
Ecological Dims of Culture (3)
Social Organization (3)
Native Amer of N America (3)
Native Amer of Great Lakes (3)
Anth of the United States (3)
Topics in Old World Cultures (3-6)
Topics in New World Cultures (3-6)
Applied Anthropology (3)
Digital Anthropology (3)
Culture and Medicine (3)
Anthropology of Gender (3)
Witchcraft, Magic, and Relig (3)
Anthropology of Technology (3)
Special Topics in Cult Anth (3-6)
Cult, Econ, and Dev (3)
Nat Amer of Amer SW (3)

3

3 credits from archaeology (completed methods course does not count here)  
ANTH






 
242 
310
343
364
420
429
434
457
461
463
Folklore and Folklife 
Topics in Old World Prehistory (3-6)
Hist Arch of Eastern US (3)
European Prehistory (3)
Tops in New World Arch (3-6)
Lab Methods in Material Cult (3)
Midwestern Archaeology (3)
Applied Archaeology (3)
Special Topics in Archaeology (3-6)
Theor and Meth Hist Arch (3)
   
3 credits from biological anthropology (completed methods course does not count here; ANTH 427 can count as cult or bio elective but not both)   

ANTH





315
405
406
416
417
427
455
462

Human Paleontology (3)
Human Biological Variation (3)
Anth Phys Growth and Devlpmnt (3)
Human Osteology (3)
Forensic Anthropology (3)
Culture and Medicine (3)
Primatology (3)
Special Topics in Bio Anth (3-6)

3

9 credits of electives from ANTH 300-400 courses (excluding ANTH 440); a minimum of 3 credits must be from Tier 3 courses listed below but no more than 6 credits of a combination of ANTH 369, 445, 450 and 479 may be counted toward the major and only 3 internship credits in ANTH 369 or 479 will count toward the major. 
 

ANTH





445
450
459
369
or
479

Archaeological Field School (6)
Ethnographic Field School (3-12)
Ethnographic Methods (3)
Paid Internship in Anth (3)

Unpaid Internship in Anth (3)

9





33 crs

Concentration 2: Archaeology, 21 credits
3 credits from methodology
 

ANTH

204
429
463

Fundamentals of Archaeology (3)
Lab Methods in Material Cult (4)
Theor and Meth Hist Arch (3)

 

3

3 credits from cultural anthropology   
ANTH












 
231 
242
311
312
321
331
332
342
370
409
451
460
471
482
Intro Native American Studies (3) 
Folklore and Folklife (3)
Ethnicity and Race (3)
Ecological Dims of Culture (3)
Social Organization (3)
Native Amer of N America (3)
Native Amer of Great Lakes (3)
Anth of the United States (3)
Topics in Old World Cultures (3-6)
Digital Anthropology (3)
Witchcraft, Magic, and Relig (3)
Special Topics in Cult Anth (3-6)
Ethnohistory (3)
Nat Amer of Amer SW (3)
 3 
   
6 credits from archaeology (completed methods course does not count here)  

ANTH







204
310
343
364
420
429
434
457
461
463

Fundamentals of Archaeology (3)
Topics in Old World Prehistory (3-6)
Hist Arch of Eastern US (3)
European Prehistory (3)
Tops in New World Arch (3)
Lab Methods in Material Cult (3)
Midwestern Archaeology (3)

Applied Archaeology (3)
Special Topics in Archaeology (3-6)
Theor and Meth Hist Arch (3)


6
3 credits from biological anthropology 

ANTH


315
405
416
417
462

Human Paleontology (3)
Human Biological Variation (3)
Human Osteology (3)
Forensic Anthropology (3)
Special Topics in Bio Anth (3-6)

3

6 credits of electives from ANTH 300-400 courses (excluding ANTH 440); a minimum of 3 credits must be from Tier 3 courses listed below. Only 3 internship credits in ANTH 369 or 479 will count towards the major.

ANTH

369
445
479

Paid Internship in Anth (3)
Archaeological Field School (6)
Unpaid Internship in Anth (3)

6





33 crs

Concentration 3: Applied cultural anthropology, 24 credits
3 credits required

ANTH

407

Applied Anthropology

3

6 credits from methodology   

ANTH


242
409
459
471

Folklore and Folklife (3)
Digital Anthropology (3)
Ethnographic Methods (3)
Ethnohistory (3)

 


6

An external statistics course is strongly recommended.
   
3 credits from cultural anthropology (completed methods course does not count here; ANTH 427 can count as cult or bio elective, but not both)  

ANTH














231
311
312
321
331
332
342
370
380
427
441
451
452
460
481
482

Intro Native American Studies (3)
Ethnicity and Race (3)
Ecological Dims of Culture (3)
Social Organization (3)
Native Amer of N America (3)
Native Amer of Great Lakes (3)
Anth of the United States (3)
Topics in Old World Cultures (3-6)
Topics in New World Cultures (3-6)
Culture and Medicine (3)
Anthropology of Gender (3)
Witchcraft, Magic, and Relig (3)
Anthropology of Technology (3)
Special Topics in Cult Anth (3-6)
Cult, Econ, and Dev (3)
Nat Amer of Amer SW (3)

3

3 credits from archaeology   
ANTH







 
204
310
343
364
420
429
457
461
463
Fundamentals of Archaeology (3)
Topics in Old World Prehistory (3-6)
Hist Arch of Eastern US (3)
European Prehistory (3)
Tops in New World Arch (3-6)
Lab Methods in Material Cult (3)
Applied Archaeology (3)
Special Topics in Archaeology (3-6)
Theor and Meth Hist Arch (3)
 3 
 
3 credits from biological anthropology 

ANTH




405
406
416
417
427
455
462

Human Biological Variation (3)
Anth Phys Growth and Devlpmnt (3)
Human Osteology (3)
Forensic Anthropology (3)
Culture and Medicine (3)
Primatology (3)
Special Topics in Bio Anth (3-6)

3

6 credits of electives from ANTH 300-400 courses (excluding ANTH 440); a minimum of 3 credits must be from Tier 3 courses listed below. Only 3 internship credits in ANTH 369 or 479 will count towards the major. 

ANTH


369
450
459
479

Paid Internship in Anth (3)
Ethnographic Field School (3-12)
Ethnographic Methods (3)
Unpaid Internship in Anth (3)

6

   36 crs
   

Concentration 4: Biological Anthropology, 21 credits 

 
3 credits from methodology (ANTH 427 can only count as methods or cult or bio elective)
 
ANTH  416  Human Osteology (3)   
  417  Forensic Anthropology (3)   
  427  Culture and Medicine (3)   3
       
   
3 credits from cultural anthropology (ANTH 427 can only count as methods or cult or bio elective)   
ANTH  231  Intro Native American Studies (3)   
  242  Folklore and Folklife (3)   
  311  Ethnicity and Race (3)   
  312  Ecological Dims of Culture (3)   
  321  Social Organization (3)   
  331  Native Amer of N America (3)   
  332  Native Amer of Great Lakes (3)   
  342  Anth of the United States (3)   
  370  Topics in Old World Cultures (3-6)   
  380  Topics in New World Cultures (3-6)   
  409  Digital Anthropology (3)   
  427  Culture and Medicine (3)   
  441  Anthropology of Gender (3)   
  451  Witchcraft, Magic, and Relig (3)   
  460  Special Topics in Cult Anth (3-6)   
  471  Ethnohistory (3)   
  481  Cult, Econ, and Dev (3)   
  482  Nat Amer of Amer SW (3)   3
   
3 credits from archaeology    
ANTH  204  Fundamentals of Archaeology (3)   
  310  Topics in Old World Prehistory (3-6)   
  343  Hist Arch of Eastern US (3)   
  364  European Prehistory (3)   
  420  Topics in New World Arch (3-6)   
  429  Lab Methods in Material Cult (3)   
  434  Midwestern Archaeology (3-6)   
  457  Applied Archaeology (3)   
  461  Special Topics in Archaeology (3-6)   
  463  Theor and Meth Hist Arch (3)   3
   
9 credits from biological anthropology (completed methods course does not count here; ANTH 427 can only count as methods or cult or bio elective)   
ANTH  315  Human Paleontology (3)   
  405  Human Biological Variation (3)   
  416  Human Osteology (3)   
  417  Forensic Anthropology (3)   
  427  Culture and Medicine (3)  
  455  Primatology (3)   
  462  Special Topics in Bio Anth (3-6)   
   
3 credits from Tier 3 courses listed below. Only 3 internship credits in ANTH 369 or 479 will count towards the major.   
ANTH  369  Paid Internship in Anth (3)   
  445  Archaeological Field School (6)   
  450  Ethnographic Filed School (3-12)   
  459  Ethnographic Methods (3)   
  479  Unpaid Internship in Anth (3) 




33-36 crs

MINOR IN ANTHROPOLOGY, 18 credits

PREFIX

NO

SHORT TITLE

CREDITS

ANTH

101

Intro to Cultural Anthropology

3

3 credits from   
ANTH


103
105
204
Archaeology and Culture (3)
Introduction to Biological Anth (3)
Fundamentals of Archaeology (3)


3

12 credits from ANTH electives

12





18 crs

ANTHROPOLOGY (ANTH)

101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3)
Introduces the diversity of human social life as shaped by culture, relating the origins and nature of culture to variations in such universal aspects of human experience as subsistence strategies, resource allocation, social organization, political order, belief systems, and the arts.

103 Archaeology and Culture (3)
Explores the long-term development of human culture from its beginnings to the present through archaeological and material perspectives. Presents a global survey of world prehistory and focuses upon the major cultural trends and key transitions in the prehistoric past. Emphasizes the use of archaeological methods and information in reconstructing global culture history.

105 Introduction to Biological Anthropology (3)
Introduces students to human variation over space and time; its genetic, developmental, environmental, and theoretical bases; the human life cycle; primatology; the anthropoid fossil record, and the relevance of these for an understanding of human health, adaptation, and human diversity.

111 Anthropology, Culture, and Globalization (3)
Examines culture and cultural variation in a globalizing world. It explores how societies and individuals are affected by increasing contact between people of different cultures. It takes an historical and cross-cultural perspective on the human condition and the cultural adaptations necessary to effectively function in a changing world.

204 Fundamentals of Archaeology (3)
Introduces the types of data dealt with by archaeology, approaches to data recovery, methods of analysis, and problems of interpretation. Differing problems of traditional research archaeology and modern archaeological resource management are considered. 
    Prerequisite: ANTH 103 or permission of the instructor.

231 Introduction to Native American Studies (3)
Introduction to the major topics within the field of Native American Studies including the ethnohistory of Native North Americans; cultural diversity within Native North America and contemporary aesthetics, literature, and film.

242 Folklore and Folklife (3)
Introduction to the role of tradition in various aspects of American culture, from humor to architecture; the functions of these elements in society; and methodological and theoretical approaches to their study, with comparative examples from Ireland and Great Britain.

308 Introduction to Anthropological Linguistics (3)
Basic concepts, scope, and methodology of the science of language with particular emphasis on non-European languages and cultural components of language. Knowledge of a foreign language is helpful.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101.

310 Topics in Old World Prehistory (3-6)
Prehistory of various Old World regions and time periods. Topics will vary from semester to semester—for example, Europe, the Paleolithic, general survey. May be repeated with different topics.
    Prerequisite recommended: ANTH 101.
    A total of 6 credits may be earned.

311 Ethnicity and Race (3)
Explores the concepts of ethnicity and race and how they shape the interaction between individuals and groups in complex society. Devotes particular attention to the Western world, but also considers similar attitudes in other parts of the world. 
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of the instructor.

312 Ecological Dimensions of Culture (3)

Explores the system of relationships between human populations and their environments focusing on cultural behavior. Uses studies of societies from ancient to modern times, models and theories from ecology and anthropology, and considers both applied and theoretical perspectives.
    Prerequisite: any one of ANTH 101, 103, 105, 111; or permission of the instructor.

315 Human Paleontology (3)
Fossil record of the evolution of humans and their primate predecessors.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 105 or permission of the instructor.

321 Social Organization (3)
Provides a systematic cross-cultural analysis of human organizations from kinship-based societies to modern bureaucracies. Using an evolutionary approach, provides both theoretical perspectives and applied understanding.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101, 111 or permission of the instructor.

330 Special Topics in Native American Cultures (3-6)
Detailed analysis of selected contemporary issues facing American Indians—for example, religious freedom, property rights—or a focus on the Indian cultures of a particular area, such as the Southwest, Great Lakes, or Northeast. May be repeated for different topics.
    A total of 6 credits may be earned.

331 Native Americans of North America (3)
Cultures of the North American Native Americans emphasizing their economic, sociopolitical, and religious institutions.

332 Native Americans of the Great Lakes (3)
In-depth study of selected Native American cultures indigenous to the Great Lakes region from the time of European contact to the contemporary period.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of the instructor.

342 Anthropology of the United States (3)
Examines how the values, beliefs, and norms of different groups of people in the United States are integrated into power structures. Explores how people in the United States experience and resolve cultural tensions between individuals and community, equality, and hierarchy, competition and cooperation.
    
Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or 111 or permission of the instructor.

343 Historical Archaeology of Eastern United States (3)
Explores primary historical processes and archaeologically significant trends in material culture that have shaped modern life from A.D. 1500 to the 20th century.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 103 or permission of the instructor.

364 European Prehistory (3)
Prehistory of Europe from the Paleolithic through the Iron Age with an emphasis on the regions north and west of the Classical world.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 103 or permission of the instructor.

369 Paid Internship in Anthropology (1-3)
Paid, supervised field or laboratory experience in anthropology. Employment should supply an opportunity to use and further knowledge of anthropology.
    Prerequisite: permission of the internship director.
    A total of 3 credits may be earned.
    A total of 3 internship credits will count towards the major or minor either from ANTH 369 or 479.
    Open only to anthropology majors or minors.

370 Topics in Old World Cultures (3-6)
Anthropological survey of the cultural patterns of selected continents or regions, such as East Asia, Europe, or the island Pacific.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101.
    A total of 6 credits may be earned.

377 Topics in Museum Operations (3-6)
Introduces various aspects of museum operations, such as organization, financing, curation, exhibits, public interpretation, and conservation of collections. Emphasizes ethnographic and archaeological collections. May be repeated for different topics.
    A total of 6 credits may be earned.

380 Topics in New World Cultures (3-6)
Anthropological survey of the cultural patterns of selected continents or regions, such as the Caribbean or Latin America.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101.
    A total of 6 credits may be earned.

390 Honors Colloquium in Anthropology (1-3)
Exploration of major issues in modern anthropology. Emphasizes individual study and development of results.
    A total of 3 credits may be earned.
    Open only to Honors College students.

401 History of Method and Theory in Anthropology (3)
Surveys the major ideas and issues of anthropology over time. Includes methods and theories from archaeology, physical anthropology, linguistics, and cultural anthropology.
    
Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of the instructor.
    Open only to juniors and seniors.

404 History of Archaeology (3)
Development of archaeological thought over the past two centuries focusing on major figures and their contributions.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 103.

405 Human Biological Variation (3) Looks at the biological diversity of contemporary human populations from the perspective of evolutionary adaptation, taking into account distribution, inheritance, development, and adaptiveness of observable or measurable traits.

406 The Anthropology of Physical Growth and Development (3) Children's physical growth and development; its regulation, variation, and assessment in different times and places.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 105 or permission of the instructor.

407 Applied Anthropology (3)
Investigates the problems and work that engage the attention of anthropologists outside the university setting. Examination of new skills needed to supplement those traditionally taught in anthropology.
    
Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of the instructor.

409 Digital Anthropology (3) Includes a survey of anthropological theory and methods related to digital anthropology. Students will learn a historical overview of digital anthropology. Focuses on 1) virtual worlds, online games, and social networking sites; 2) ethnographic approaches, including questions of theory and method; and 3) theorizing indexical relationships between the virtual and actual. Students will collectively explore and identify other facets of digital anthropology and of doing ethnographic work digitally.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of the instructor.

416 Human Osteology (3)
Laboratory dealing with the human skeleton including identification of whole and fragmentary bones and the assessment of the age, stature, sex, and race of a skeleton as applied to paleodemography, paleopathology, and forensic problems.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 105 or permission of the instructor.

417 Forensic Anthropology (3) Includes a survey of the anthropological methods and techniques used to recover and identify human skeletal remains in criminal and disaster investigations. Concepts and methods from other disciplines including anatomy, botany, and entomology are discussed. Topics will include skeletal identification, time since death, causes of death, pathology, and quantitative analysis.
    
Prerequisite: ANTH 105 or BIO 100 or CHEM 100 or permission of the instructor.

420 Topics in New World Archaeology (3-6) Prehistory of various New World regions or developmental periods. Topics will vary from semester to semester—for example, Meso-America, the Southwest, general survey. May be repeated for different topics.
    Prerequisite recommended: ANTH 103.
    A total of 6 credits may be earned.

427 Culture and Medicine (3)
Focuses on conceptions of health and illness from a crosscultural perspective relating non-Western techniques to Western counterparts.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101.

429 Laboratory Methods in Material Culture (3)
Addresses artifacts as reflections of culture. Focuses on ethnoarchaeology and experimental archaeology, as well as the integration of research design, recovery, identification, and laboratory analysis of artifacts from archaeological sites.
    
Prerequisite: ANTH 103 or 204 or permission of the instructor.

434 Midwestern Archaeology (3)
Prehistoric cultural developments in the Midwest traced through the Paleoindian, Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian periods and focused on the nature and questions of archaeological research in the region.
    
Prerequisite: ANTH 103 or 204 (or equivalent) or permission of the instructor.

440 Anthropological Field Trip (3-6)
Intended to expose students to lifeways of groups outside mainstream society but whose lives and communities are significantly shaped by the policies of the larger society. Can be used for trips in various subfields of anthropology when appropriate.
    Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
    A total of 6 credits may be earned.

441 Anthropology of Gender (3)
Examines how gender, culture, and power intersect in different places around the globe. Course topics include the politics of reproduction, globalization and migration, violence, popular culture, and intersectionality.
    
Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or a WGS course or permission of the instructor.

445 Archaeological Field School (6)
Designed to provide practical application of archaeological methods, techniques, and strategies in a field setting. Participation in a supervised investigation of a formal archaeological problem at an actual archaeological site or at an experimental site. 
    Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.

450 Ethnographic Field School (3-12)
An intensive immersion in the methods of field research in cultural anthropology. Emphasizes problem formulation, observation, interviewing, writing, and interpretation of field data. Field schools are intended to provide specific skills that result in an ethnographic report. 
    Prerequisite: an introductory and upper division course in cultural anthropology; permission of the instructor. 
    A total of 12 credits may be earned.

451 Witchcraft, Magic, and Religion (3)
Anthropological study of humankind's age-old concern with life, death, sickness, and the unknown. Discusses human attempts to control life through supernatural beings, prayer, sacrifice, and techniques of magic and witchcraft. 
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of the instructor.

452 Anthropology of Technology (3)
Will review the anthropological literature on technology, focusing on cultural and comparative aspects of technology. This subfield’s theoretical base and research methods will also be assessed.

455 Primatology (3)
Comparative survey of nonhuman primates, their biology and behavior.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 105 or permission of the instructor.

457 Applied Archaeology (3)
Special problems of contract, conservation, and public archaeology, including laws and guidelines, relations with governmental and private agencies, research design and proposals, field and laboratory methods, and curation.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 204 or permission of the instructor.

459 Ethnographic Methods (3)
Develops the ability to conduct and comprehend ethnographic research. Includes research design, data collection, analysis, reporting, basic statistics, and computer use. Emphasizes both quantitative and qualitative techniques for basic and applied research.
    Prerequisite: 15 credits in ANTH or permission of the instructor.

460 Special Topics in Cultural Anthropology (3-6)
Detailed analysis of a special problem in cultural anthropology such as culture and global warming, anthropology and architecture, urban anthropology, or anthropology and food. May be repeated for different topics.
    
Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of the instructor.
    A total of 6 credits may be earned.

461 Special Topics in Archeology (3-6)
Detailed analysis of a special problem in archaeology such as lithic analysis or science in archeology. May be repeated for different topics.
    
Prerequisite: ANTH 103 or permission of the instructor.
    A total of 6 credits may be earned.

462 Special Topics in Biological Anthropology (3-6)
Detailed analysis of a special problem in biological anthropology such as paleopathology or reproduction and culture. May be repeated for different topics.
    
Prerequisite: ANTH 105 or permission of the instructor.
    A total of 6 credits may be earned.

463 Theory and Method in Historical Archaeology (3)
Presents a detailed summary of theory and methods used by historical archaeologists, including social theory, historical methods, and archaeological analysis methods.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 103 or permission of the instructor.

471 Ethnohistory (3)
Methods and theories of ethnohistory introduced by emphasizing how culture and history intersect with race, ethnicity, gender, class, and sexuality; a research-intensive class.
    Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of the instructor.

479 Unpaid Internship (1-3)
Unpaid field or laboratory experience that uses knowledge of anthropology in a specific project or work content.
    Prerequisite: permission of the internship director.
    A total of 3 credits may be earned.
    A total of 3 internship credits will count towards the major or minor either from ANTH 369 or 479.
    Open only to anthropology majors or minors.

481 Culture, Economy, and Development (3)
Concerned with a culturally embedded view of allocation, conversion, production, distribution, and consumption of resources. Emphasizes economic development in third and fourth world countries both from theoretical and applied perspectives.

482 Native Americans of the American Southwest (3)
Surveys prehistoric, historic, and contemporary cultures of selected Southwest Native American groups. Emphasizes culture-specific solutions to problems perceived in their relationship to their natural and social environments.

490 Independent Study in Anthropology (1-3)
Topics to be chosen and investigated in consultation with an instructor with competence in the area involved.
    A total of 3 credits may be earned.