Undergraduate Course Catalog

Natural Resources and Environmental Management

J. Popovicova, Acting Chairperson 

The Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management prepares students for careers in environmental sciences and management of natural resources. The programs offered by the department are designed to give students a basic scientific understanding of physical, biological, and social aspects of natural and managed ecosystems. The department offers a major in natural resources and environmental management, and minors in emergency management and homeland security, energy, environmental management, international resource management, and natural resources. The department also coordinates an interdepartmental minor in environmental policy

Students majoring in natural resources and environmental management choose one of the following concentrations: environmental management or natural resources. All majors must complete a common core requirement. Majors should consult with their advisors early in their programs to ensure that they are meeting degree requirements. 

Students have opportunities to use modern laboratories and equipment, conduct research and support resource conservation practices on 420 acres of field properties, attend workshop classes leading to professional certification, and participate in off-campus service learning activities. International and/or domestic field studies are also available. Students are encouraged to participate in internships (professional practice) under the supervision of faculty members and professionals working in governmental agencies, private industry, or non-profit environmental organizations.

Majors and minors should contact their departmental advisor for additional details about the programs.


MAJOR IN NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT (BA/BS), 60-62 hours

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NO

SHORT TITLE

CR HRS

Core foundation, 8 hours

CHEM
NREM

111
101 
201

General Chemistry 1
Environment and Society
Undergraduate Seminar  

4
3
1

Core requirements, 18 hours 

NREM


  
 

211
221
241
286
or
372
331
405
or

Water Resources  
Soil Resources 
Air Resources
Computer/Quant Applications (3)

Applied Research Methods (3)
Energy and Mineral Resources
Integrated Resource Management (3)

3
3
3


3
3


Any TIER 3 (UCC-21) (3)

3




26 hrs
Core foundation must be completed before enrolling in NREM 221 or higher courses. Students in environmental management are encouraged to take CHEM 112 immediately following CHEM 111.   

Complete 1 of 2 of the following concentrations  

Environmental management concentration, 36 hours

BIO


CHEM

111
313
or
231
112

Principles of Biology 1
Microbiology (4)

Organic Chemistry 1 (4)
General Chemistry 2

4


4
4

Students must complete either

  • 24 credit hours from two of the following clusters or
  • 15 hours from one cluster, plus 9 hours of electives approved by advisor or chairperson or
  • 15 hours from one cluster, plus a minor approved by advisor or chairperson.
Related clusters
Environmental remediation 
 

EMHS
NREM
 
 

350 
346     
347   
387 
488

Haz Mat Health and Safety (3)
Indoor Environmental Quality (3)
Occupational/Indust Hygiene (3)
Solid Hazardous Waste Mgt (3)
Site Assessment Remediation (3)


Emergency response

EMHS
 
 

 
 
NREM  

351
352
355
389
469
493
387

Intro Emergency Management (3) 
Science WMDs Technol Hazards (3)
International Domestic Terror (3)
Emergency Response WMDs (3) 
Professional Practice (1-6) 
Special Topics (1-6)
Solid Hazardous Waste Mgt (3) 


Soil and water conservation   

NREM
 
 
 
 
 
 

304 
320 
324
357
372
385
415
422
427

Sustainable Agriculture (3)
Wetland Characterization (3)
Soil Classification/Interpret (3)
Internat Community Development (3)
Applied Research Methods (3) 
Wastewater Management (3)
Water Quality Management (3)
Soil Quality (3)
Soil Conservation and Mgmt (3)

24





62 hrs
The following courses may be substituted for those in the clusters above with approval of the academic advisor or department chairperson.   

NREM




299X
369
390
402
497

Experimental/Develop Topics (3-6)
Professional Practice (1-3)
Honors Colloquium in Nat Res (1-3)
Field Study (1-6)
Special Studies (1-3)

 

NREM 402 has a limit of 3 hours.


Natural resources concentration, 34 hours

BIO

NREM 

112
216
203

Principles of Biology 2
Ecology
Decision-Making in Nat Res Mgt

4
3
3

Students must complete either

  • 24 credit hours from two of the following clusters or
  • 15 hours from one cluster, plus 9 hours of electives approved by advisor or chairperson or
  • 15 hours from one cluster, plus a minor approved by advisor or chairperson.
Related clusters
Recreation and interpretation

NREM
   
  
  
            
     

204 
369
371
392
395
473
477

American Environmental History (3)
Professional Practice (1-3)
Outdoor Recreation and Socy (3)
Environmental Interpretation (3)
Teaching Environmental Ed (3)
Outdr Recreation Plan and Adm (3)
Wilderness and Society (3)


Sustainable development   
NREM





205
304
307
309
335
357
Internatnl Natural Resources (3)
Sustainable Agriculture (3)
Env Mgt Developing Countries (3)
Human Dimensions Global Change (3)
Renewable Energy/Sustain Tech (3)
Internat Community Development (3)

Soil and water conservation
NREM








304
320
324
357
372
385
415
422
427
Sustainable Agriculture (3)
Wetland Characterization (3)
Soil Classification/Interpret (3)
Internat Community Development (3)
Applied Research Methods (3)
Wastewater Management (3)
Water Quality Management (3)
Soil Quality (3)
Soil Conservation and Mgmt (3)
24




60 hrs
NREM 372 may not be counted twice if taken as a core requirement.
 
The following courses may be substituted for those in the clusters above with approval of the academic advisor or department chairperson.   

NREM
            
  
  

299X
369
390    
402
497

Experimental/Develop Topics (3-6)
Professional Practice (1-3)
Honors Colloquium in Nat Res (1-3)
Field Study (1-6)
Special Studies (1-3)


NREM 402 has a limit of 3 hours.

MINOR IN EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AND HOMELAND SECURITY, 24 hours

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SHORT TITLE

CR HRS

CS 
   
EMHS

110
203
351
352

Intro Comp Sci & Web Prog 
Intro to Computer Security
Intro Emergency Management
Science WMDs Technol Hazards

3
3
3
3

Electives, 12 hours from  
At least 3 hours from each of the following groups: 
Group 1: Hazards

EMHS

 
GEOG
GEOL

350
355
493
334
416

Haz Mat Health and Safety (3)
International Domestic Terror (3) 
Special Topics (1-6)
Atmospheric Hazards (3) 
Geology Hazards Environment (3)


Group 2: Planning and policy  

GEOG
JOUR
PLAN
POLS 

RMI

265
261
439
345
494
270

Intro Geographic Info Systems (3) 
Principles of Public Relations (3)
Community Facilities Planning (3)
National Defense Policy (3) 
Politics of Terrorism (3)
Principles of Risk Mgt & Ins (3)


Group 3: Applied emergency-related courses

EMHS

GEOG
HSC

389
469
450
250

Emergency Response WMDs (3)
Professional Practice (1-6)
Mesoscale Meteorology (3)
Emergency Health Care (3)

12

Other relevant courses may substitute.
See program director regarding approval.




24 hrs

MINOR IN ENERGY, 21 hours

This minor gives students an interdisciplinary approach to the study of the development, use, and conservation of energy. Students may focus on solar and alternative energy systems, energy policy, economics, or planning. The minor complements majors in planning, business, industrial technology, and the life, physical, and earth sciences. 

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SHORT TITLE

CR HRS

NREM
 

331
335 

Energy and Mineral Resources
Renewable Energy/Sustain Tech

3
3

3 hours from 

GEOL
NREM
PHYC

101
101
100

Planet Earth Geol Environment (3)
Environment and Society (3)
Conceptual Physics (3)

3

12 hours from the following groups with at least one course from each:


Group 1     

APHY

GEOL

NREM

420
422
207
435
241
346

Solar Thermal Systems (3)
Photovoltaics (3)
Environ Geology Geochem Cycles (3)
Sequence Stratigraphy (3)
Air Resources (3)
Indoor Environmental Quality (3)

 

Group 2     

LA
NREM
PLAN


TCST
TDPT

471
405
431
433
435
252
204

Sustainable Land Systems (3)
Integrated Resource Management (3)
Urban Transportation Planning (3)
Environmental Planning (3)
Energy Planning (3)
Building Diagnostics (3)
Energy Processing (3)


Group 3     

BUSA
CAP
ECON

NREM


POLS

300
498
311
or
203
402
497
342
347

Int Sustainability in Business (3)
Spec Projects in CAP (3)
Environmental Economics (3)

Decision-Making in Nat Res Mgt (3)
Field Study (1-6)
Special Studies (1-3)
Problems in Public Policy (3)
Environmental Law and Policy (3)

12





21 hrs
Advisor approval required for topic of CAP 498, NREM 497, or 402 (maximum of 3 hours of credit applicable). Students electing APHY 420 or NREM 405 are expected to meet the course prerequisites. 

MINOR IN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, 22 hours

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NO

SHORT TITLE

CR HRS

CHEM
NREM

111 
101

General Chemistry 1
Environment and Society

4
3

15 hours from
EMHS

NREM



















350
389
211
221
241
286
307
309
320
324
331
335
346
347
369
385
387
402
415
422
488
497
Haz Mat Health and Safety (3)
Emergency Response WMDs (3)
Water Resources (3)
Soil Resources (3)
Air Resources (3)
Computer/Quant Applications (3)
Env Mgt Developing Countries (3)
Human Dimensions Global Change (3)
Wetland Characterization (3)
Soil Classification/Interpret (3)
Energy and Mineral Resources (3)
Renewable Energy/Sustain Tech (3)
Indoor Environmental Quality (3)
Occupational/Indust Hygiene (3)
Professional Practice (1-3)
Wastewater Management (3)
Solid Hazardous Waste Mgt (3)
Field Study (1-6)
Water Quality Management (3)
Soil Quality (3)
Site Assessment Remediation (3)
Special Studies (1-3)





















15




22 hrs
Maximum of 3 credit hours in NREM 402 is applicable to the minor with permission of the department chairperson.  

MINOR IN INTERNATIONAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, 21 hours

PREFIX

NO

SHORT TITLE

CR HRS

NREM 
    

101
or 
205

Environment and Society (3) 

Internatnl Natural Resources (3)

3

9 hours from
   
NREM



307
309
357
372
Env Mgt Developing Countries (3)
Human Dimensions Global Change (3)
Internat Community Development (3)
Applied Research Methods (3)



9
     
9 hours from
   

ANTH



ECON
FIN
GEOG




HIST




INTB
MGT
NREM


PHIL
PLAN


POLS
RELS

SOC

SUST

111
312
321
481
279
352
150
261
262
351
354
198
325
371
372
373
265
241
304
331
402
310
100
365
433
281
160
390
320
328
400

Anth, Culture, & Globalization (3)
Ecological Dims of Culture (3)
Social Organization (3)
Cult, Econ, & Dev (3) 
Problems of Emerging Nations (3) 
Global Finance (3) 
Global Geography (3)
Tourism Systems (3)
Tourism Regions (3)
Latin American and Caribbean (3) 
Geography of Asia (3)
Non-Western Civilizations (3)
Modern Latin America (3)
Tradition & Change Modern Asia (3)
Africa Since 1500 (3)
History of the Middle East (3) 
Intro to International Bus (3) 
The Entrepreneurial Experience (3)
Sustainable Agriculture (3)
Energy and Mineral Resources (3)
Field Study (1-6)
African Philosophy (3)
Intro Urb Planning & Dev (2)
Econ Dev in Planning (3)
Environmental Planning (3) 
Econ/Pol Prob of Emerg Ntns (3) 
Intro to Religion in Culture (3)
Adv Study of Asian Religions (3) 
Social Inequality (3)
Global and the Social World (3)
Creating a Sustainable Future (3) 
















9





21 hrs
Students are strongly encouraged to complete two years or the equivalent of a modern foreign language. Only international field study courses count in minor (NREM 402 or equivalent).  

MINOR IN NATURAL RESOURCES, 21 hours

PREFIX

NO

SHORT TITLE

CR HRS

NREM

101

Environment and Society

3

6 hours from     

NREM
  
 

211
221
331

Water Resources (3)
Soil Resources (3)
Energy and Mineral Resources (3) 

6

12 hours from     

NREM
  
  
  







 


  

  

  
  

   

203
204
205
286
304
307
309
320
324
335
357
369
371
372
392
395
402
415
422
427
477
497

Decision-Making in Nat Res Mgt (3)
American Environmental History (3)
Internatnl Natural Resources (3)
Computer/Quant Applications (3)
Sustainable Agriculture (3)
Env Mgt Developing Countries (3)
Human Dimensions Global Change (3)
Wetland Characterization (3)
Soil Classification/Interpret (3)
Renewable Energy/Sustain Tech (3)
Internat Community Development (3)
Professional Practice (1-3)
Outdoor Recreation and Socy (3)
Applied Research Methods (3)
Environmental Interpretation (3)
Teaching Environmental Ed (3)
Field Study (1-6)
Water Quality Management (3)
Soil Quality (3)
Soil Conservation and Mgmt (3)
Wilderness and Society (3)
Special Studies (1-3)







12





21 hrs
Maximum of 3 credit hours in NREM 402 is applicable to the minor with permission of the department chairperson. 

EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AND HOMELAND SECURITY (EMHS) 

350 Hazardous Materials Health and Safety (3) 
Worker health and safety principles and practices in: handling hazardous materials, waste remediation, and emergency responses to accidental chemical releases and terrorist episodes

351 Introduction to Emergency Management and Homeland Security (3)
Introduction to principles of emergency management and homeland security such as preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation. Other concepts include hazards, communications, management, health issues, and tools utilized in emergency management. Discussion of relevant issues from a multi-disciplinary approach. 

352 Science of WMDs and Technological Hazards (3) 
Application of scientific principles to technological hazards including biological, chemical, radiological, nuclear and explosive weapons (WMDs). Discussion of relevant principles in biology, chemistry, physics, and other sciences. Effects of hazards on air, water, food supplies, and human health. 

355 International Domestic Terrorism (3)
Examination of international and domestic terrorist organizations, including ideologies, tactics, training, and sources of funding. Students will gain a solid understanding of key concepts of doctrine, leaders, goals, history, ideology, and definitions of terms.

389 WMD Awareness and Response (3) 
Awareness of toxicological effects and treatment of biological, chemical, radiological, nuclear, and explosive agents (WMDs). Emergency response to domestic incidents. The Incident Command System. Selection and proper use of chemically-protective clothing. Decontamination principles. 
    Open only to juniors and seniors. 

469 Professional Practice (1-6) 
Supervised experience in emergency planning and management, science of hazards, and/or cyber security. Connects academic with professional experiences. 
    Prerequisite: EMHS 351, 352; permission of the department chairperson. 
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned. 
    Open only to juniors and seniors.

493 Special Topics (1-6) 
Provides an opportunity to conduct independent study of emergency management and homeland security topics of special interest to students. 
    Prerequisite: permission of the department chairperson. 
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned.

NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT (NREM)

101 Environment and Society (3)
Study of human roles in conservation resource management, environmental quality, and sustainable development. Effects of population and technology on environmental systems including air, energy, minerals, soil, water, vegetation, and wildlife. Environmental ethics, outdoor recreation, and public lands management are also covered. Laboratory and field activities. 

201 Undergraduate Seminar (1) 
Career and internship planning, resume development, overview of natural resource and environmental management, orientation to community environmental resources. Emphasizes professional development of NREM majors. Includes field trip and other activities outside of the classroom. 
    Prerequisite: NREM 101 or equivalent. 
    Open only to NREM majors; others by permission of the department chairperson. 

203 Decision Making in Natural Resource Management (3) 
Application of decision-making principles to natural resource management. Instruction in the use of basic microeconomic principles (investment, capital recovery, property rights, opportunity costs, discounting, compounding, prices) in practical resource management situations within the constraints of environmental laws and regulations. Uses simple algebraic and graphical tools. 

204 American Environmental History (3) 
Designed to give students knowledge of use of resources in the United States by treating, in historical perspective, government policies and private enterprise practices of exploitation and conservation from settlement to the present. Emphasizes the way use of resources has shaped society. 
    Not open to students who have credit in HIST 204. 

205 International Natural Resources: Development and Conservation (3) 
An analysis of problems occurring as a result of development and use of natural resources worldwide. The role of resource management and conservation to enhance the carrying capacity of the earth. A case-study approach to the management of global environmental problems. 

211 Water Resources (3) 
Hydrologic cycle and climate as a basis for water resources distribution and management. U.S. and international water resources issues: U.S. water allocation laws, national and international water conflicts, water quality, drinking water and wastewater treatment, surface and ground water hydrology, municipal water resources development. Includes laboratory and field work. 

221 Soil Resources (3) 
Soil as an integral part of our resource base and its relationship to other natural resources; its origin, development, and classification. The physical, chemical, and biological properties, with emphasis on the practical applications of soil science to natural resources planning. Includes laboratory and field work. 

241 Air Resources (3) 
Survey of atmospheric characteristics and processes as they influence management of natural resources. Current air pollution issues; regulatory requirements and practices. Laboratory and field experiences. 

286 Computer and Quantitative Applications (3) 
Work with various computer tools and data analysis packages as applied to topics in resource management. Requires basic understanding of computer operation. 
    Open only to NREM majors; others by permission of the department chairperson. 

299X Experimental/Developmental Topics (3-6) 
Topics relevant to the discipline. Course titles will be announced before each semester. 
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned. 

304 Sustainable Agriculture (3) 
Natural resource use in agricultural systems with emphasis on principles of sustainability. Includes integrated pest management, permaculture, and other production practices that conserve soil, water, and biological resources. Field trips included. 

307 Environmental Management in Developing Countries (3) 
Survey of challenges facing management of urban environments and the rural-urban interface in the developing nations of Asia, Africa, Latin America, and Pacific Oceania. Features interdisciplinary approach with frequent guest speakers to discuss existing and potential management, economic, technical, and policy solutions in their regional, cultural, and historic contexts. 

309 Human Dimensions of Global Change (3) 
Systematic exploration of major topics of human and environmental change from local to global scales, including: population, energy, agriculture, industry, technology, urbanization, water, climate, natural hazards, socioeconomic systems, land use, trade, marginalized societies, and biodiversity. 
    Prerequisite: junior standing; or permission of the instructor. 

320 Wetland Characterization (3) 
Study of wetland functions and values. Delineation of wetland boundaries according to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers criteria (wetland hydrology, hydric soils, hydrophytic vegetation). Includes a substantial component of field work. 
    Prerequisite: NREM 221; permission of the department chairperson. 

324 Soil Classification and Interpretation (3) 
Includes soil genesis, morphology, classification, and survey. Stresses the relationship between soil information and the land-use decision-making process with practical applications provided. Considerable emphasis is placed on field study of soils and their uses. 
    Prerequisite: NREM 221 or permission of the department chairperson. 

331 Energy and Mineral Resources: Issues and Choices (3) 
Appraisal of the problems, prospects, and societal and technical issues surrounding the use of energy and mineral resources. Emphasizes environmental problems and ecoenergetics, consideration of the natural resource base, distribution and production problems, conservation, alternative energy systems, resource policy, and research. 

335 Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology (3) 
Exploration of alternative/renewable energy systems (wind, solar, hydro, biomass, geothermal, fuel cells). Case studies of sustainable technology emphasize topics including industrial ecology (life-cycle analysis, design for the environment, clean manufacturing, and impact assessment) and appropriate technology applications in developing countries. Problem-solving applications using various approaches. 

346 Indoor Environmental Quality (3) 
Focuses on air quality in residential and nonresidential indoor environments; contaminants; health effects; sick buildings; diagnosis and measurement; mitigation measures. Lab and field experiences. 

347 Occupational/Industrial Hygiene (3) 
Introduces the principles of assessing and controlling exposures to workplace hazards. Topics include occupational disease; exposure to contaminant gases, dusts, radiation, noise, and biological agents; ergonomic concerns; regulatory requirements; engineering control; and personal protection equipment. 

357 International Community Development (3) 
Application of practical methods to problems of development in poor rural agrarian communities and environmental management in poor urban communities in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Emphasizes face-to-face methodologies to the identification and development of workable solutions to resource and environmental problems of disadvantaged populations in developing nations. 

369 Professional Practice/Experiential Learning (1-3) 
Professional or other experiential learning experiences in environmental/natural resource management, studies, or education. 
    Prerequisite: permission of the department chairperson. 
    A total of 3 hours of credit may be earned. 

371 Outdoor Recreation and Society (3) 
The role of outdoor recreation in modern society. Perspectives ranging from local to global. Examination of the history of outdoor recreation in the United States to the present day, with emphasis on issues in both public and private sectors. May require one weekend field trip in addition to regular laboratory periods. 

372 Applied Research Methods in Resource Management (3) 
Social science applications in natural resource and environmental management. These applications include quantitative and qualitative survey research designs, analysis of social data, and applications of survey results to political processes. Perspectives range from local to international. 

385 Wastewater Management (3) 
Effects of wastewater on receiving waters, need for wastewater treatment, principles of wastewater treatment technologies: onsite, centralized, conventional and alternative treatment technologies; management and regulatory strategies. Includes field trip(s). 
    Prerequisite: NREM 211 or permission of the department chairperson. 

387 Solid and Hazardous Waste Management (3) 
Delineation of solid and hazardous waste management in the United States. Waste reduction, recycling, processing, and disposal methods are discussed. Technical, political, and economic aspects of waste management. Effects of improper disposal on environmental quality. 
    Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of the department chairperson. 

390 Honors Colloquium in Natural Resources (1-3) 
Exploration of selected issues in natural resources, with emphasis upon individual projects, study, and discussion. 
    A total of 3 hours of credit may be earned. 
    Open only to honors students; others with permission of the department chairperson. 

392 Environmental Interpretation (3) 
Develops skills and techniques necessary to the interpretation of ecological and environmental characteristics of earth systems. Emphasizes field work and creative presentation of concepts, and organization and management of interpretive programs including sites and facilities. 
    Prerequisite: NREM 101 or its equivalent; junior standing. 

395 Teaching Environmental Education (3) 
Opportunities for enriching instruction through environmental education in formal and non-formal educational settings. Studies conservation, outdoor and environmental education, including teaching techniques and instructional resources used in each. 
    Prerequisite: NREM 101 or permission of the department chairperson. 

401 Forest Planning and Stewardship (3)
Introduces students to the social, economic, and ecological forces that shape U.S. private forests. Takes an in-depth look at forest landowner values, attitudes, and perceptions of forests and linkages to management decision-making strategies and behaviors. Also introduces students to the skills they will need to interact with private forest landowners (PFLs) and forest management professionals. Students will develop forest stewardship plans based on interactions with PFLs on their property and information from forest professionals.
    Prerequisite: NREM 101, 211, and 221 or permission of instructor or department chairperson.

402 Field Study (1-6) 
Off-campus field studies of a specific geographic area with emphasis on resource management. Details of arrangements (including group travel plans and housing) will be provided by instructor. A maximum of 3 hours of credit applies to the NREM major. 
    Prerequisite: NREM 101 or its equivalent; permission of the department chairperson. 
    A total of 6 hours of credit may be earned. 

405 Integrated Resource Management (3) 
Systems perspective on holistic or integrated planning and management of natural resources. Stresses data analysis and its role in the decision-making process. 
    Prerequisite: all core courses in natural resources and environmental management (or concurrent enrollment); senior standing. 

415 (315) Water Quality Management (3)
Effects, consequences of point and non-point sources of pollution on quality of surface and drinking water; occurrence, sources and effects of regulated and unregulated contaminants; role of regulations in water quality management in U.S., centralized drinking water and wastewater treatment. Laboratory analysis of water quality parameters; may include field work.
    Prerequisite: NREM 211 or permission of the department chairperson.

422 (322) Soil Quality (3)
Chemical, physical, and biological properties of soil that affect plant production and other land uses. Emphasizes nutrient cycles in natural and cropped systems. Use and fate of pesticides. Land application of agricultural and urban wastes.
    Prerequisite: NREM 221 or its equivalent; CHEM 111 or its equivalent or permission of the department chairperson.

427 (327) Soil Conservation and Management (3)
Stresses principles and methods of control of soil erosion using basic soil concepts. Studies management systems and individual practices with special emphasis on soil resource maintenance.
    Prerequisite: NREM 221 or permission of the department chairperson.

473 Outdoor Recreation Planning and Administration (3) 
Application of basic principles and procedures for the planning and administration of resource-based and activity-based recreation areas. May require one weekend field trip as well as in-class field trips. 
    Prerequisite: NREM 371 or permission of the department chairperson. 

477 Wilderness and Society (3) 
Defining wilderness, understanding its unique significance, and analyzing techniques of past and present management. Includes study of research in perception and use. Weekend trip to the Deam Wilderness—Hoosier National Forest or a state forest back country area. 
    Prerequisite: junior standing. 

488 Site Assessment and Remediation (3) 
Experience with Phase I and Phase II environmental site assessments. Conventional and innovative technologies for remediation of contaminated soils and groundwater. Review of relevant environmental regulations. Some environmental chemistry. 
    Prerequisite: CHEM 231 or permission of the instructor. 
    Open only to juniors or seniors. 

497 Special Studies in Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences (1-3) 
Opportunity to pursue special studies interests in environmental and natural resource sciences. 
    Prerequisite: permission of the department chairperson. 
    A total of 3 hours of credit may be earned.