Today’s planners and decision makers need the ability to draw upon information from many sources. To give students broad backgrounds in a variety of subjects, interdepartmental programs require courses from more than one department.


AMERICAN STUDIES (AMST)

101 Introduction to American Studies (3)
Survey of American studies as a field and as an interdisciplinary approach to the study of American civilization. Methods and theories of American studies will be discussed, along with major themes and topics in American life and thought. 

450 Reading and Independent Study (1-3)
Topics for independent study and research to be chosen and investigated in consultation with an instructor who has expertise in the area involved. 
     Prerequisite: permission of the American studies director. 
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

499 Selected Topics in American Studies (3-9)
Survey and investigation of a specific topic, issue, or problem in American studies. Particular subject matter will be announced before each offering. 
     A total of 9 credits may be earned.

CANADIAN STUDIES (CANS)

150 Canada: Cultural Crossroads (3)
An interdepartmental introduction to the geography, history, government, economy, literature, art, and music defining Canada’s individuality and international heritage. An examination of current issues on such topics as economic agreements, environment, education, health system, and multicultural relations.

ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE (ENEF)

101 Writing Fundamentals (1.5-3)
Focuses on the development of basic writing skills. Students will identify parts of the sentence, apply basic rules for writing, write sentences in different tenses, and practice the writing process, especially proofreading. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

102 Grammar Fundamentals (1.5-3)
Provides the foundations of language structure for the students. Key concepts that need to be communicated are parts of speech and basic word order. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

103 Reading Fundamentals (1.5-3)
Assists students in gaining and practicing recognition skills such as skimming and scanning for pre-level one reading development. Gives opportunities for developing reading comprehension and also provides the students with practice in the skills of responding appropriately to demonstrate comprehension of reading material. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

104 Oral Communication Fundamentals (1.5-3)
Students will learn how to respond appropriately to basic verbal classroom directions, make polite requests to an instructor, request information from others, introduce themselves and others verbally, and retell information from verbal introductions of others. They will also gain practice in reporting on important and frequently-discussed topics. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

105 Extensive Reading and Keyboarding 1 Fundamentals (1.5-3)
Focuses on increasing reading fluency and students' typing speed. Depending on the abilities of the students, the course can work on reading for enjoyment as well as comprehension and overall understanding, with the aid of an abridged reader. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

106 Vocabulary and Literacy Fundamentals (1.5-3)
Focuses on vocabulary acquisition, including the pronunciation and spelling of the words. Students are also introduced to the vowel sounds of English, and must learn to recognize them orally and in writing. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

111 Writing Level 1 (1.5-3)
Focuses on advancing students' ability to express their thoughts and inquiries in written form by using an added tense and learning about sentence variety. Students will also develop the ability to appropriately use basic electronic written communication in the target language. Finally, students will begin pre-development of research skills by being encouraged through writing exercises to ask questions of interest and to label sources of information. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

112 Grammar Level 1 (1.5-3)
Students continue to master simple verb tenses, basic parts of speech, and simple sentences. They are introduced to compound and complex sentences. Students also continue to learn how to ask and respond to questions appropriately. In addition, students are introduced to the different meanings of phrasal verbs, definite and indefinite nouns as well as adjective forms. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

113 Reading Level 1 (1.5-3)
Designed to help students develop reading and vocabulary skills. The topics in this course are real-world topics related to culture, science, social studies, and so forth. Students will improve their reading comprehension, acquire dictionary skills to build vocabulary, and develop visual literacy. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

114 Oral Communication Level 1 (1.5-3)
Designed to enhance students' speaking skills along with the other language skills. Among other things, students will be able to introduce themselves and others, respond appropriately to common classroom directives, and report (orally or in writing) events using more than 10 sentences. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

115 Extensive Reading and Keyboarding 2 Level 1 (1.5-3)
Designed to enhance students' reading fluency and typing speed. Two readers will introduce students to cultural concepts. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

116 Vocabulary and Literacy Level 1 (1.5-99)
The focus is on vocabulary acquisition, including the pronunciation and spelling of the words on the Level 1 word list. Students continue to learn the IPA, increasing their knowledge of simple vowels and adding diphthongs and consonants. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

121 Writing Level 2 (1.5-3)
Teaches students to identify and write the following types of paragraphs: definition, description, process-analysis and opinion. Each of the writings should include all of the elements of a paragraph (i.e. topic sentence, supporting sentences and concluding sentence). They should also demonstrate correct spelling, accurate grammar, and a variety of sentence structures. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

122 Grammar Level 2 (1.5-3)
Introduces more complex concepts of English grammar, such as modals. Students begin to analyze their grammar choices instead of simply applying the appropriate rule. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

123 Reading Level 2 (1.5-3)
Focuses on increasing students' overall reading proficiency through reading practice of an authentic text. Students will also develop basic reading strategies such as using context and inflections in order to increase overall comprehension of a text and build on prior knowledge of a topic when reading. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

124 Oral Communication Level 2 (1.5-3)
Through open-ended, in-class group discussion and a variety of activities, students learn about general cultural behaviors, beliefs, and expectations in the U.S. The focus for this course is to guide students in becoming yet more familiar with and comfortable in a new culture and to aid them in becoming integral participants. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

125 Extensive Listening 1 Level 2 (1.5-3)
Students will improve both their discrete and global listening skills in this course. Students will watch American sitcoms and should understand the main idea/dilemma, produce a paragraph describing characters, and analyze politeness, formality, and gestures in the episodes. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

126 Vocabulary and Literacy Level 2 (1.5-99)
Using a graded reader, students will identify the main idea in a reading, use context to identify unknown vocabulary, and identify specific figures of speech, such as metaphors, similes, and personification. They should also be able to generate and answer questions about a text and summarize accurately. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

131 Writing Level 3 (1.5-3)
Level 3 Writing is the introduction to the academic essay. Students learn the basic features of an essay and write two essay types: compare/contrast and a summary/response essay. They also are introduced to topics such as incorporating citations, summarizing, and paraphrasing. Students are expected to acquire more than a basic understanding of intellectual property as they learn these skills. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

132 Grammar Level 3 (1.5-3)
Students develop mastery in the interpretation and production of the tense-aspect system of English, paying particular attention to present perfect, present perfect progressive, and past perfect. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

133 Reading Level 3 (1.5-3)
Students in Level 3 engage in reading an authentic academic text as they use prior knowledge and comprehension strategies to understand the meaning. They also develop research skills by locating materials through CardCat. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

134 Oral Communication Level 3 (1.5-3)
Communicative speaking/listening course that focuses on higher-level usage of conversational skills such as interviewing and formal group discussions. Pragmatic issues such as politeness, especially in agreement and disagreement, are key outcomes of the course. This course reinforces many skills including grammar, logical structures from writing, and vocabulary. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

135 Extensive Listening 2 Level 3 (1.5-3)
Students will improve both their discrete and global listening skills in this course. Thus, the approach should be two-pronged, using both the text Sound Advice (which is very much oriented towards distinguishing sound changes in spoken American English) and using authentic listening clips from news reports. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 3 credits may be earned.

136 Vocabulary and Literacy Level 3 (1.5-99)
The key goals of this course are to broaden and deepen learners' working vocabulary (Level 3 word list) and develop reading fluency. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

141 Writing Level 4 (1.5-99)
Provides students with the strategies and skills needed to write and edit a two-page cause and effect essay and a three-page argumentative paper. Focusing on critical thinking as a foundation of the writing process, students will learn to accurately paraphrase, summarize, and synthesize peer-reviewed articles and cite sources using APA style. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

142 Grammar Level 4 (1.5-99)
Focuses on grammatical features including the perfect and perfect progressive aspects, passive voice, relative clauses, and degree complements. Students continue to build on previous knowledge from earlier levels and work toward a better understanding in order to use the previous grammar rules in a meaningful way. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

143 Reading Level 4 (1.5-99)
Focuses on guiding learners through the process of using authentic academic textbooks and databases. Students learn to locate argumentative texts for future research projects; acquire the skills to evaluate the objectivity, credibility, and appropriateness of texts and cited sources; and develop reading strategies for understanding the structure and content of argumentative texts. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

144 Speaking Level 4 (1.5-99)
Students continue to learn and master the skills of participating in and leading academic classroom discussions in a culturally, pragmatically appropriate way. This is the last course to explicitly focus on these skills, so students should be confident in their discussion skills before completion of the course. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

145 Listening Level 4 (1.5-99)
Introduces students to academic lectures and teaches them the skills they need to comprehend their content. Students learn to use their notes to successfully answer both detail-level and "big-picture" comprehension questions about a lecture. They also learn strategies, such as interpreting non-verbal cues, which can aid in comprehension of a lecture. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

146 Vocabulary and Literacy Level 4 (1.5-99)
Focuses on improving reading fluency through reading a high-level abridged novel and mastering the Level 4 word list (part of the AWL). Students are expected to apply critical thinking skills to the texts. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

151 Writing Level 5 (1.5-99)
The primary goal is to teach students how to write a six-page argumentative research paper using a process approach that involves brainstorming, prewriting, database research, drafting, revising, and publication. Students also complete an annotated bibliography. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

152 Grammar Level 5 (1.5-99)
Students will build on their knowledge of previously learned structures and add more complex grammatical features such as sensory and causative verbs, modals of prediction and inference, and conditionals. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

153 Reading Level 5 (1.5-99)
Offers a rigorous continuation of Level 4 academic reading, emphasizing critical reflection. Students will guess the meaning of words in context, identify main ideas, and trace arguments. Students will also paraphrase, summarize, and interpret graphs/tables/charts to demonstrate comprehension. Offered credit/no credit only. 
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

154 Speaking Level 5 (1.5-99)
Students learn about delivery and presentation skills as well as focus on creating strong content. In addition to the presentation focus, there is a pronunciation goal of improving intonation. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

155 Listening Level 5 (1.5-99)
The purpose of this course is to continue preparing students to comprehend academic lectures. While the course reinforces overall listening skills developed in Level 4, it introduces students to the abstract thinking skills that they need to assess and support arguments presented in academic lectures. They will also be expected to understand a lecture after hearing it once. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

156 Vocabulary and Literacy Level 5 (1.5-99)
Focuses on improving reading fluency and comprehension through reading a popular novel and mastering the Level 5 word list (part of the AWL). Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

161 Writing Level 6 (1.5-99)
Students continue to learn and practice the various steps necessary to do effective research. The focus of this course is to write a well-supported and well-organized argumentative research paper of approximately 8-10 pages in length. Students will use library databases to search for sources, identify a research topic of their own, create an annotated bibliography, and write a literature review. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

162 Grammar Level 6 (1.5-99)
Focuses on more advanced grammar features including various finite and nonfinite clauses; complex sentences; the verb system – tense, aspect, and voice; and determiners. Students will work on meaning and production while continuing to build on previous knowledge from past grammar courses. Students should also focus on self-correction and using the grammar learned in this course in authentic and meaningful ways. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

163 Reading Level 6 (1.5-99)
Students practice critical reading with longer academic texts and apply reading strategies acquired in previous levels. They practice and develop advanced college reading skills (vocab in context, main ideas, inference, argument, etc.) and analyze texts to trace different types of arguments. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

164 Speaking Level 6 (1.5-99)
Focuses on both debate and pronunciation. The purpose of debate in this course is to help students develop critical argumentative and thinking skills. In addition to debate, students are encouraged to become aware of their own pronunciation difficulties and set their own goals for pronunciation improvement. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

165 Listening Level 6 (1.5-99)
The purpose of this course is to provide instruction in advanced listening comprehension. The ability to take efficient and accurate notes of an academic lecture and use those notes to answer comprehension questions is a fundamental course outcome. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

166 Vocabulary and Literacy Level 6 (1.5-99)
Focuses on improving reading fluency and comprehension through reading a BSU-selected freshman reader and mastering the Level 6 word list (part of the AWL). Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

171 Repeating Writing (1.5-99)
Designated as a writing course for part-time IEI students repeating a class in the same semester. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

172 Repeating Grammar (1.5-99)
Designated as a grammar course for part-time IEI students repeating a class in the same semester. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

173 Repeating Reading (1.5-99)
Designated as a reading course for part-time IEI students repeating a class in the same semester. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

174 Repeating Speaking (1.5-99)
Designated as a speaking course for part-time IEI students repeating a class in the same semester. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

175 Repeating Listening (1.5-99)
Designated as a listening course for part-time IEI students repeating a class in the same semester. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

176 Repeating Vocabulary and Literacy (1.5-99)
Designated as a vocabulary and literacy course for part-time IEI students repeating a class in the same semester. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

ENGLISH: INTENSIVE ENGLISH INSTITUTE (ENIE)

100 IEI Level Fundamentals (9)
A compilation of ENIE fundamentals level courses: ENIE 101 Writing, ENIE 102 Grammar, ENIE 103 Reading, ENIE 104 Speaking, ENIE 105 Listening, and ENIE 106 Vocabulary and Literary. A full-time IEI student will take this grouping of courses to satisfy the level requirements. Offered credit/no credit only.            
     Open only to full-time IEI students.

101 Writing Fundamentals (1.5-99)
Focuses on the development of basic writing skills. Students will identify parts of the sentence, apply basic rules for writing, write sentences in different tenses, and practice the writing process, especially proofreading. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

102 Grammar Fundamentals (1.5-99)
Provides the foundations of language structure for the students. Key concepts that need to be communicated are parts of speech and basic word order. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

103 Reading Fundamentals (1.5-99)
Assists students in gaining and practicing recognition skills such as skimming and scanning for pre-level one reading development. It gives opportunities for developing reading comprehension and also provides the students with practice in the skills of responding appropriately to demonstrate comprehension of reading material. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

104 Oral Communication Fundamentals (1.5-99)
Students will learn how to respond appropriately to basic verbal classroom directions, make polite requests to an instructor, request information from others, introduce themselves and others verbally, and retell information from verbal introductions of others. They will also gain practice in reporting on important and frequently-discussed topics. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

105 Extensive Reading and Keyboarding 1 Fundamentals (1.5-99)
Focuses on increasing reading fluency and students' typing speed. Depending on the abilities of the students, the course can work on reading for enjoyment as well as comprehension and overall understanding, with the aid of an abridged reader. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

106 Vocabulary and Literacy Fundamentals (1.5-99)
Focuses on vocabulary acquisition, including the pronunciation and spelling of the words. Students are also introduced to the vowel sounds of English, and must learn to recognize them orally and in writing. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

110 IEI Level 1 (9)
A compilation of ENIE level 1 courses: ENIE 111 Writing, ENIE 112 Grammar, ENIE 113 Reading, ENIE 114 Speaking, ENIE 115 Listening, and ENIE 116 Vocabulary and Literary. A full-time IEI student will take this grouping of courses to satisfy the level requirements. Offered credit/no credit only.                
     Open only to full-time IEI students.

111 Writing Level 1 (1.5-99)
Focuses on advancing students' ability to express their thoughts and inquiries in written form by using an added tense and learning about sentence variety. Students will also develop the ability to appropriately use basic electronic written communication in the target language. Finally, students will begin pre-development of research skills by being encouraged through writing exercises to ask questions of interest and to label sources of information. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

112 Grammar Level 1 (1.5-99)
Students continue to master simple verb tenses, basic parts of speech, and simple sentences. They are introduced to compound and complex sentences. Students also continue to learn how to ask and respond to questions appropriately. In addition, students are introduced to the different meanings of phrasal verbs, definite and indefinite nouns as well as adjective forms. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

113 Reading Level 1 (1.5-99)
Designed to help students develop reading and vocabulary skills. The topics in this course are real-world topics related to culture, science, social studies, and so forth. Students will improve their reading comprehension, acquire dictionary skills to build vocabulary, and develop visual literacy. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

114 Oral Communication Level 1 (1.5-99)
Designed to enhance students' speaking skills along with the other language skills. Among other things, students will be able to introduce themselves and others, respond appropriately to common classroom directives, and report (orally or in writing) events using more than 10 sentences. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

115 Extensive Reading and Keyboarding 2 Level 1 (1.5-99)
Designed to enhance students' reading fluency and typing speed. Two readers will introduce students to cultural concepts. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

116 Vocabulary and Literacy Level 1 (1.5-99)
Focuses on vocabulary acquisition, including the pronunciation and spelling of the words on the Level 1 word list. Students continue to learn the IPA, increasing their knowledge of simple vowels and adding diphthongs and consonants. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

120 IEI Level 2 (9)
A compilation of ENIE level 2 courses: ENIE 121 Writing, ENIE 122 Grammar, ENIE 123 Reading, ENIE 124 Speaking, ENIE 125 Listening, and ENIE 126 Vocabulary and Literary. A full-time IEI student will take this grouping of courses to satisfy the level requirements. Offered credit/no credit only.               
     Open only to full-time IEI students.

121 Writing Level 2 (1.5-99)
Teaches students to identify and write the following types of paragraphs: definition, description, process-analysis and opinion. Each of the writings should include all of the elements of a paragraph (i.e. topic sentence, supporting sentences and concluding sentence). They should also demonstrate correct spelling, accurate grammar, and a variety of sentence structures. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

122 Grammar Level 2 (1.5-99)
Introduces more complex concepts of English grammar, such as modals. Students begin to analyze their grammar choices instead of simply applying the appropriate rule. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

123 Reading Level 2 (1.5-99)
Focuses on increasing students' overall reading proficiency through reading practice of an authentic text. Students will also develop basic reading strategies such as using context and inflections in order to increase overall comprehension of a text and build on prior knowledge of a topic when reading. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

124 Oral Communication Level 2 (1.5-99)
Through open-ended, in-class group discussion and a variety of activities, students learn about general cultural behaviors, beliefs, and expectations in the U.S. The focus for this course is to guide students in becoming yet more familiar with and comfortable in a new culture and to aid them in becoming integral participants. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

125 Extensive Listening 1 Level 2 (1.5-99)
Students will improve both their discrete and global listening skills in this course. Students will watch American sitcoms and should understand the main idea/dilemma, produce a paragraph describing characters, and analyze politeness, formality, and gestures in the episodes. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

126 Vocabulary and Literacy Level 2 (1.5-99)
Using a graded reader, students will identify the main idea in a reading, use context to identify unknown vocabulary, and identify specific figures of speech, such as metaphors, similes, and personification. They should also be able to generate and answer questions about a text and summarize accurately. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

130 IEI Level 3 (9)
A compilation of ENIE level 3 courses: ENIE 131 Writing, ENIE 132 Grammar, ENIE 133 Reading, ENIE 134 Speaking, ENIE 135 Listening, and ENIE 136 Vocabulary and Literary. A full-time IEI student will take this grouping of courses to satisfy the level requirements. Offered credit/no credit only.                
     Open only to full-time IEI students.

131 Writing Level 3 (1.5-99)
Level 3 Writing is the introduction to the academic essay. Students learn the basic features of an essay and write two essay types: compare/contrast and a summary/response essay. They also are introduced to topics such as incorporating citations, summarizing, and paraphrasing. Students are expected to acquire more than a basic understanding of intellectual property as they learn these skills. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

132 Grammar Level 3 (1.5-99)
Students develop mastery in the interpretation and production of the tense-aspect system of English, paying particular attention to present perfect, present perfect progressive, and past perfect. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

133 Reading Level 3 (1.5-99)
Students in Level 3 engage in reading an authentic academic text as they use prior knowledge and comprehension strategies to understand the meaning. They also develop research skills by locating materials through CardCat. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

134 Oral Communication Level 3 (1.5-99)
Communicative speaking/listening course that focuses on higher-level usage of conversational skills such as interviewing and formal group discussions. Pragmatic issues such as politeness, especially in agreement and disagreement, are key outcomes of the course. This course reinforces many skills including grammar, logical structures from writing, and vocabulary. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

135 Extensive Listening 2 Level 3 (1.5-99)
Students will improve both their discrete and global listening skills in this course. Thus, the approach should be two-pronged, using both the text Sound Advice (which is very much oriented towards distinguishing sound changes in spoken American English) and using authentic listening clips from news reports. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

136 Vocabulary and Literacy Level 3 (1.5-99)
The key goals of this course are to broaden and deepen learners' working vocabulary (Level 3 word list) and develop reading fluency. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

140 IEI Level 4 (9)
A compilation of ENIE level 4 courses: ENIE 141 Writing, ENIE 142 Grammar, ENIE 143 Reading, ENIE 144 Speaking, ENIE 145 Listening, and ENIE 146 Vocabulary and Literary. A full-time IEI student will take this grouping of courses to satisfy the level requirements. Offered credit/no credit only.              
     Open only to full-time IEI students.

141 Writing Level 4 (1.5-99)
Provides students with the strategies and skills needed to write and edit a two-page cause and effect essay and a three-page argumentative paper. Focusing on critical thinking as a foundation of the writing process, students will learn to accurately paraphrase, summarize, and synthesize peer-reviewed articles and cite sources using APA style. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

142 Grammar Level 4 (1.5-99)
Focuses on grammatical features including the perfect and perfect progressive aspects, passive voice, relative clauses, and degree complements. Students continue to build on previous knowledge from earlier levels and work toward a better understanding in order to use the previous grammar rules in a meaningful way. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

143 Reading Level 4 (1.5-99)
Focuses on guiding learners through the process of using authentic academic textbooks and databases. Students learn to locate argumentative texts for future research projects; acquire the skills to evaluate the objectivity, credibility, and appropriateness of texts and cited sources; and develop reading strategies for understanding the structure and content of argumentative texts. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

144 Speaking Level 4 (1.5-99)
Students continue to learn and master the skills of participating in and leading academic classroom discussions in a culturally, pragmatically appropriate way. This is the last course to explicitly focus on these skills, so students should be confident in their discussion skills before completion of the course. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

145 Listening Level 4 (1.5-99)
Introduces students to academic lectures and teaches them the skills they need to comprehend their content. Students learn to use their notes to successfully answer both detail-level and "big-picture" comprehension questions about a lecture. They also learn strategies, such as interpreting non-verbal cues, which can aid in comprehension of a lecture. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

146 Vocabulary and Literacy Level 4 (1.5-99)
Focuses on improving reading fluency through reading a high-level abridged novel and mastering the Level 4 word list (part of the AWL). Students are expected to apply critical thinking skills to the texts. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

150 IEI Level 5 (9)
A compilation of ENIE level 5 courses: ENIE 151 Writing, ENIE 152 Grammar, ENIE 153 Reading, ENIE 154 Speaking, ENIE 155 Listening, and ENIE 156 Vocabulary and Literary. A full-time IEI student will take this grouping of courses to satisfy the level requirements. Offered credit/no credit only.                
     Open only to full-time IEI students.

151 Writing Level 5 (1.5-99)
The primary goal is to teach students how to write a six-page argumentative research paper using a process approach that involves brainstorming, prewriting, database research, drafting, revising, and publication. Students also complete an annotated bibliography. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

152 Grammar Level 5 (1.5-99)
Students will build on their knowledge of previously learned structures and add more complex grammatical features such as sensory and causative verbs, modals of prediction and inference, and conditionals. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

153 Reading Level 5 (1.5-99)
Offers a rigorous continuation of Level 4 academic reading, emphasizing critical reflection. Students will guess the meaning of words in context, identify main ideas, and trace arguments. Students will also paraphrase, summarize, and interpret graphs/tables/charts to demonstrate comprehension. Offered credit/no credit only. 
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

154 Speaking Level 5 (1.5-99)
Students learn about delivery and presentation skills as well as focus on creating strong content. In addition to the presentation focus, there is a pronunciation goal of improving intonation. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

155 Listening Level 5 (1.5-99)
The purpose of this course is to continue preparing students to comprehend academic lectures. While the course reinforces overall listening skills developed in Level 4, it introduces students to the abstract thinking skills that they need to assess and support arguments presented in academic lectures. They will also be expected to understand a lecture after hearing it once. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

156 Vocabulary and Literacy Level 5 (1.5-99)
Focuses on improving reading fluency and comprehension through reading a popular novel and mastering the Level 5 word list (part of the AWL). Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

160 IEI Level 6 (9)
A compilation of ENIE level 6 courses: ENIE 161 Writing, ENIE 162 Grammar, ENIE 163 Reading, ENIE 164 Speaking, ENIE 165 Listening, and ENIE 166 Vocabulary and Literary. A full-time IEI student will take this grouping of courses to satisfy the level requirements. Offered credit/no credit only.              
     Open only to full-time IEI students.

161 Writing Level 6 (1.5-99)
Students will continue to learn and practice the various steps necessary to do effective research. The focus of this course is to write a well-supported and well-organized argumentative research paper of approximately 8-10 pages in length. Students will use library databases to search for sources, identify a research topic of their own, create an annotated bibliography, and write a literature review. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

162 Grammar Level 6 (1.5-99)
Focuses on more advanced grammar features including various finite and nonfinite clauses; complex sentences; the verb system – tense, aspect, and voice; and determiners. Students will work on meaning and production while continuing to build on previous knowledge from past grammar courses. Students should also focus on self-correction and using the grammar learned in this course in authentic and meaningful ways. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

163 Reading Level 6 (1.5-99)
Students will practice critical reading with longer academic texts and apply reading strategies acquired in previous levels. They practice and develop advanced college reading skills (vocab in context, main ideas, inference, argument, etc.) and analyze texts to trace different types of arguments. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

164 Speaking Level 6 (1.5-99)
Focuses on both debate and pronunciation. The purpose of debate in this course is to help students develop critical argumentative and thinking skills. In addition to debate, students are encouraged to become aware of their own pronunciation difficulties and set their own goals for pronunciation improvement. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

165 Listening Level 6 (1.5-99)
The purpose of this course is to provide instruction in advanced listening comprehension. The ability to take efficient and accurate notes of an academic lecture and use those notes to answer comprehension questions is a fundamental course outcome. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

166 Vocabulary and Literacy Level 6 (1.5-99)
Focuses on improving reading fluency and comprehension through reading a BSU-selected freshman reader and mastering the Level 6 word list (part of the AWL). Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

171 Writing for Graduate Students Level 6 (1.5-99)
Students will continue to learn and practice the various steps necessary to do effective research. The focus of this course is to write a well-supported and well-organized argumentative research paper of approximately 8-10 pages in length. Students will use library databases to search for sources, identify a research topic of their own, create an annotated bibliography, and write a literature review. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

INTENSIVE ENGLISH INSTITUTE (IEI)

100 IEI Level Fundamentals (9)
A compilation of IEI fundamentals level courses: IEI 101 Writing, IEI 102 Grammar, IEI 103 Reading, IEI 104 Speaking, IEI 105 Listening, and IEI 106 Vocabulary and Literary. A full-time IEI student will take this grouping of courses to satisfy the level requirements. Offered credit/no credit only.              
     Open only to full-time IEI students.

101 Writing Fundamentals (1.5-99)
Focuses on the development of basic writing skills. Students will identify parts of the sentence, apply basic rules for writing, write sentences in different tenses, and practice the writing process, especially proofreading. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

102 Grammar Fundamentals (1.5-99)
Provides the foundations of language structure for the students. Key concepts that need to be communicated are parts of speech and basic word order. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

103 Reading Fundamentals (1.5-99)
Assists students in gaining and practicing recognition skills such as skimming and scanning for pre-level one reading development. It gives opportunities for developing reading comprehension and also provides the students with practice in the skills of responding appropriately to demonstrate comprehension of reading material. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

104 Oral Communication Fundamentals (1.5-99)
Students will learn how to respond appropriately to basic verbal classroom directions, make polite requests to an instructor, request information from others, introduce themselves and others verbally, and retell information from verbal introductions of others. They will also gain practice in reporting on important and frequently-discussed topics. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

105 Extensive Reading and Keyboarding 1 Fundamentals (1.5-99)
Focuses on increasing reading fluency and students' typing speed. Depending on the abilities of the students, the course can work on reading for enjoyment as well as comprehension and overall understanding, with the aid of an abridged reader. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

106 Vocabulary and Literacy Fundamentals (1.5-99)
Focuses on vocabulary acquisition, including the pronunciation and spelling of the words. Students are also introduced to the vowel sounds of English, and must learn to recognize them orally and in writing. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

110 IEI Level 1 (9)
A compilation of IEI level 1 courses: IEI 111 Writing, IEI 112 Grammar, IEI 113 Reading, IEI 114 Speaking, IEI 115 Listening, and IEI 116 Vocabulary and Literary. A full-time IEI student will take this grouping of courses to satisfy the level requirements. Offered credit/no credit only.               
     Open only to full-time IEI students.

111 Writing Level 1 (1.5-99)
Focuses on advancing students' ability to express their thoughts and inquiries in written form by using an added tense and learning about sentence variety. Students will also develop the ability to appropriately use basic electronic written communication in the target language. Finally, students will begin pre-development of research skills by being encouraged through writing exercises to ask questions of interest and to label sources of information. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

112 Grammar Level 1 (1.5-99)
Students continue to master simple verb tenses, basic parts of speech, and simple sentences. They are introduced to compound and complex sentences. Students also continue to learn how to ask and respond to questions appropriately. In addition, students are introduced to the different meanings of phrasal verbs, definite and indefinite nouns as well as adjective forms. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

113 Reading Level 1 (1.5-99)
Designed to help students develop reading and vocabulary skills. The topics in this course are real-world topics related to culture, science, social studies, and so forth. Students will improve their reading comprehension, acquire dictionary skills to build vocabulary, and develop visual literacy. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

114 Oral Communication Level 1 (1.5-99)
Designed to enhance students' speaking skills along with the other language skills. Among other things, students will be able to introduce themselves and others, respond appropriately to common classroom directives, and report (orally or in writing) events using more than 10 sentences. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

115 Extensive Reading and Keyboarding 2 Level 1 (1.5-99)
Designed to enhance students' reading fluency and typing speed. Two readers will introduce students to cultural concepts. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

116 Vocabulary and Literacy Level 1 (1.5-99)
Focuses on vocabulary acquisition, including the pronunciation and spelling of the words on the Level 1 word list. Students continue to learn the IPA, increasing their knowledge of simple vowels and adding diphthongs and consonants. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

120 IEI Level 2 (9)
A compilation of IEI level 2 courses: IEI 121 Writing, IEI 122 Grammar, IEI 123 Reading, IEI 124 Speaking, IEI 125 Listening, and IEI 126 Vocabulary and Literary. A full-time IEI student will take this grouping of courses to satisfy the level requirements. Offered credit/no credit only.                
     Open only to full-time IEI students.

121 Writing Level 2 (1.5-99)
Teaches students to identify and write the following types of paragraphs: definition, description, process-analysis and opinion. Each of the writings should include all of the elements of a paragraph (i.e. topic sentence, supporting sentences and concluding sentence). They should also demonstrate correct spelling, accurate grammar, and a variety of sentence structures. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

122 Grammar Level 2 (1.5-99)
Introduces more complex concepts of English grammar, such as modals. Students begin to analyze their grammar choices instead of simply applying the appropriate rule. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

123 Reading Level 2 (1.5-99)
Focuses on increasing students' overall reading proficiency through reading practice of an authentic text. Students will also develop basic reading strategies such as using context and inflections in order to increase overall comprehension of a text and build on prior knowledge of a topic when reading. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

124 Oral Communication Level 2 (1.5-99)
Through open-ended, in-class group discussion and a variety of activities, students learn about general cultural behaviors, beliefs, and expectations in the U.S. The focus for this course is to guide students in becoming yet more familiar with and comfortable in a new culture and to aid them in becoming integral participants. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

125 Extensive Listening 1 Level 2 (1.5-99)
Students will improve both their discrete and global listening skills in this course. Students will watch American sitcoms and should understand the main idea/dilemma, produce a paragraph describing characters, and analyze politeness, formality, and gestures in the episodes. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

126 Vocabulary and Literacy Level 2 (1.5-99)
Using a graded reader, students will identify the main idea in a reading, use context to identify unknown vocabulary, and identify specific figures of speech, such as metaphors, similes, and personification. They should also be able to generate and answer questions about a text and summarize accurately. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

130 IEI Level 3 (9)
A compilation of IEI level 3 courses: IEI 131 Writing, IEI 132 Grammar, IEI 133 Reading, IEI 134 Speaking, IEI 135 Listening, and IEI 136 Vocabulary and Literary. A full-time IEI student will take this grouping of courses to satisfy the level requirements. Offered credit/no credit only.               
     Open only to full-time IEI students.

131 Writing Level 3 (1.5-99)
Level 3 Writing is the introduction to the academic essay. Students learn the basic features of an essay and write two essay types: compare/contrast and a summary/response essay. They also are introduced to topics such as incorporating citations, summarizing, and paraphrasing. Students are expected to acquire more than a basic understanding of intellectual property as they learn these skills. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

132 Grammar Level 3 (1.5-99)
Students develop mastery in the interpretation and production of the tense-aspect system of English, paying particular attention to present perfect, present perfect progressive, and past perfect. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

133 Reading Level 3 (1.5-99)
Students in Level 3 engage in reading an authentic academic text as they use prior knowledge and comprehension strategies to understand the meaning. They also develop research skills by locating materials through CardCat. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

134 Oral Communication Level 3 (1.5-99)
Communicative speaking/listening course that focuses on higher-level usage of conversational skills such as interviewing and formal group discussions. Pragmatic issues such as politeness, especially in agreement and disagreement, are key outcomes of the course. This course reinforces many skills including grammar, logical structures from writing, and vocabulary. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

135 Extensive Listening 2 Level 3 (1.5-99)
Students will improve both their discrete and global listening skills in this course. Thus, the approach should be two-pronged, using both the text Sound Advice (which is very much oriented towards distinguishing sound changes in spoken American English) and using authentic listening clips from news reports. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

136 Vocabulary and Literacy Level 3 (1.5-99)
The key goals of this course are to broaden and deepen learners' working vocabulary (Level 3 word list) and develop reading fluency. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

140 IEI Level 4 (9)
A compilation of IEI level 4 courses: IEI 141 Writing, IEI 142 Grammar, IEI 143 Reading, IEI 144 Speaking, IEI 145 Listening, and IEI 146 Vocabulary and Literary. A full-time IEI student will take this grouping of courses to satisfy the level requirements. Offered credit/no credit only.               
     Open only to full-time IEI students.

141 Writing Level 4 (1.5-99)
Provides students with the strategies and skills needed to write and edit a two-page cause and effect essay and a three-page argumentative paper. Focusing on critical thinking as a foundation of the writing process, students will learn to accurately paraphrase, summarize, and synthesize peer-reviewed articles and cite sources using APA style. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

142 Grammar Level 4 (1.5-99)
Focuses on grammatical features including the perfect and perfect progressive aspects, passive voice, relative clauses, and degree complements. Students continue to build on previous knowledge from earlier levels and work toward a better understanding in order to use the previous grammar rules in a meaningful way. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

143 Reading Level 4 (1.5-99)
Focuses on guiding learners through the process of using authentic academic textbooks and databases. Students learn to locate argumentative texts for future research projects; acquire the skills to evaluate the objectivity, credibility, and appropriateness of texts and cited sources; and develop reading strategies for understanding the structure and content of argumentative texts. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

144 Speaking Level 4 (1.5-99)
Students continue to learn and master the skills of participating in and leading academic classroom discussions in a culturally, pragmatically appropriate way. This is the last course to explicitly focus on these skills, so students should be confident in their discussion skills before completion of the course. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

145 Listening Level 4 (1.5-99)
Introduces students to academic lectures and teaches them the skills they need to comprehend their content. Students learn to use their notes to successfully answer both detail-level and "big-picture" comprehension questions about a lecture. They also learn strategies, such as interpreting non-verbal cues, which can aid in comprehension of a lecture. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

146 Vocabulary and Literacy Level 4 (1.5-99)
Focuses on improving reading fluency through reading a high-level abridged novel and mastering the Level 4 word list (part of the AWL). Students are expected to apply critical thinking skills to the texts. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

150 IEI Level 5 (9)
A compilation of IEI level 5 courses: IEI 151 Writing, IEI 152 Grammar, IEI 153 Reading, IEI 154 Speaking, IEI 155 Listening, and IEI 156 Vocabulary and Literary. A full-time IEI student will take this grouping of courses to satisfy the level requirements. Offered credit/no credit only.                
     Open only to full-time IEI students.

151 Writing Level 5 (1.5-99)
The primary goal is to teach students how to write a six-page argumentative research paper using a process approach that involves brainstorming, prewriting, database research, drafting, revising, and publication. Students also complete an annotated bibliography. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

152 Grammar Level 5 (1.5-99)
Students will build on their knowledge of previously learned structures and add more complex grammatical features such as sensory and causative verbs, modals of prediction and inference, and conditionals. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

153 Reading Level 5 (1.5-99)
Offers a rigorous continuation of Level 4 academic reading, emphasizing critical reflection. Students will guess the meaning of words in context, identify main ideas, and trace arguments. Students will also paraphrase, summarize, and interpret graphs/tables/charts to demonstrate comprehension. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

154 Speaking Level 5 (1.5-99)
Students learn about delivery and presentation skills as well as focus on creating strong content. In addition to the presentation focus, there is a pronunciation goal of improving intonation. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

155 Listening Level 5 (1.5-99)
The purpose of this course is to continue preparing students to comprehend academic lectures. While the course reinforces overall listening skills developed in Level 4, it introduces students to the abstract thinking skills that they need to assess and support arguments presented in academic lectures. They will also be expected to understand a lecture after hearing it once. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

156 Vocabulary and Literacy Level 5 (1.5-99)
Focuses on improving reading fluency and comprehension through reading a popular novel and mastering the Level 5 word list (part of the AWL). Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

161 Writing Level 6 (1.5-99)
Students continue to learn and practice the various steps necessary to do effective research. The focus of this course is to write a well-supported and well-organized argumentative research paper of approximately 8-10 pages in length. Students will use library databases to search for sources, identify a research topic of their own, create an annotated bibliography, and write a literature review. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

162 Grammar Level 6 (1.5-99)
Focuses on more advanced grammar features including various finite and nonfinite clauses; complex sentences; the verb system – tense, aspect, and voice; and determiners. Students will work on meaning and production while continuing to build on previous knowledge from past grammar courses. Students should also focus on self-correction and using the grammar learned in this course in authentic and meaningful ways. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

163 Reading Level 6 (1.5-99)
Students practice critical reading with longer academic texts and apply reading strategies acquired in previous levels. They practice and develop advanced college reading skills (vocab in context, main ideas, inference, argument, etc.) and analyze texts to trace different types of arguments. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

164 Speaking Level 6 (1.5-99)
Focuses on both debate and pronunciation. The purpose of debate in this course is to help students develop critical argumentative and thinking skills. In addition to debate, students are encouraged to become aware of their own pronunciation difficulties and set their own goals for pronunciation improvement. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

165 Listening Level 6 (1.5-99)
The purpose of this course is to provide instruction in advanced listening comprehension. The ability to take efficient and accurate notes of an academic lecture and use those notes to answer comprehension questions is a fundamental course outcome. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

166 Vocabulary and Literacy Level 6 (1.5-99)
Focuses on improving reading fluency and comprehension through reading a BSU-selected freshman reader and mastering the Level 6 word list (part of the AWL). Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.

171 Writing for Graduate Students Level 6 (1.5-99)
Students continue to learn and practice the various steps necessary to do effective research. The focus of this course is to write a well-supported and well-organized argumentative research paper of approximately 8-10 pages in length. Students will use library databases to search for sources, identify a research topic of their own, create an annotated bibliography, and write a literature review. Offered credit/no credit only.
     A total of 99 credits may be earned.
 
INTERDEPARTMENTAL (ID)

101 Freshman Seminar (1-2)
Through individual assessment, readings on issues in education, and academic portfolios, skills necessary for freshman-year success are learned.
     Prerequisite: permission of the freshman academic advisor.
     A total of 2 credits may be earned.

300 Related Field Experiences (1-12)
Available for advanced standing credit only and not through registration. Departments may use this course to grant students university credit on programs under their jurisdiction for field experience meeting departmental crediting criteria. Students must apply formally to the department chairperson for such credit and supply supporting documentation. The department determines the amount of credit to be granted and notifies the registrar. The Office of Academic Advising is informed of how the credit is to be applied to students’ programs.
     A total of 12 credits may be earned.

301 Introduction to Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution (3)
Interdisciplinary study of methods of achieving peace within communities and among nations; history of peace movements and the causes of conflict; and analysis of principles to resolve conflict using case studies.

369 New York Arts Program (3-16)
New York Arts Program is a credit bearing off-campus program for students who have demonstrated ability in the arts, communication, or creative industries and wish to pursue their education while exploring professional career options. The program is an immersive semester designed to advance students' creative and critical skills.
      A total of 16 credits may be earned.

399 Independent Study in Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution (1-3)
Topics for independent study and research to be chosen and investigated in consultation with instructors with special competence in the topic involved. The credits may be accumulated in more than one semester.
     Prerequisite: ID 301; permission of the instructor or the department chairperson.
     A total of 9 credits may be earned, but no more than 3 in any one semester or term. 
    Open only to minors in peace studies and conflict resolution.

400 Immersive Learning Experiences (1-15)
Designed specifically for approved immersive learning experiences involving teams of students and faculty collaborating on interdisciplinary projects.
    
Prerequisite: permission.
    A total of 15 credits may be earned.

401 Internship in Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution (1-6)
Supervised participation in a mentorship relationship in which students gain work-related experience and apply acquired knowledge of peace studies and conflict resolution. Involves participation in an organization, agency, or business.
    Prerequisite: ID 301; permission of the instructor or department chairperson.
    A total of 9 credits may be earned, but no more than 6 in any one semester or term.
    Open only to minors in peace studies and conflict resolution.

495 Immersive Experiences for Bachelor of General Studies Students (1)
A Tier 3 experience for students who are completing the Bachelor’s of General Studies degree. Students will work independently with a faculty member to design a course based in one or two of the student’s minor areas of concentration. Each course will be individually designed to meet that student’s needs, and will allow the student to demonstrate the movement in cognitive skills form experience or information to action. Each student will also demonstrate their ability to write at the college level, and will submit a reflective essay discussing his or her experiences.
    
Prerequisite: Permission of Dean of University College.
    Open only to BGS students.


LATIN-AMERICAN STUDIES (LAS)

101 Introduction to Latin-American Studies (3)
Overview of the history, development and current trends of Latin-American countries from conquest through present times, focusing on economic, sociological, and cultural tendencies including the recent Latino migrations to the United States.

400 Study Abroad (3-9)
Study of intermediate or advanced Latin-American language(s), literature, and culture(s) in a foreign country where students are immersed within the Latin-American culture. May include seminars arranged during travel. May not be applied to foreign language majors or minors. 
    Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. 
    A total of 9 credits may be earned.

NATIONAL STUDENT EXCHANGE (NSE)

399 National Student Exchange (12-17)
For participants in the National Student Exchange program and for registration purposes only. Requires contact with department offices to obtain evaluation of course(s) before registration, if credit is to be applied to anything other than general electives. Replaced by evaluated credit once transcripts from exchange institutions are received.
    Prerequisite: permission of the dean of University College.
    A total of 17 credits may be earned.

VIRGINIA BALL CENTER (VBC)

400 Immersive Learning Experiences (1-15)
Designed specifically for approved immersive learning experiences administered by the Virginia Ball Center.
    Prerequisite: permission.
    A total of 15 credits may be earned.

WRITING PROFICIENCY PROGRAM (WPP)

392 Writing Proficiency Examination (0)
May be used to satisfy the Writing Proficiency requirement. Eligible students will have earned at least 60 but no more than 89 credits and completed ENG 104 or 114 (or their equivalent) with a grade of C or better. May be attempted twice only and is offered on a credit/no credit basis. 
    Prerequisite: ENG 104 or 114 (or equivalent); completed at least 60 but no more than 89 credits.

393 Writing Proficiency Course (2)
Open to all eligible students to satisfy the Writing Proficiency requirement. Required of students who do not receive credit for WPP 392 after two attempts. Offered on a credit/no credit basis; credits are not applied to major, minor, or University Core Curriculum requirements. 
    Prerequisite: ENG 104 or 114 (or equivalent); at least 60 credits.

394 Writing Proficiency Seminar (1)
May be used to satisfy Writing Proficiency requirement by students who have earned at least 90 but no more than 108 completed credits and have not previously attempted either WPP 392 or WPP 393. Required of eligible returning students who have not previously attempted WPP 392 or WPP 393 and have been inactive for at least one calendar year. Provides intensive writing instruction to prepare students to write an essay under timed circumstances that is assessed similarly to WPP 392. May be attempted one time only and is offered on a credit/no credit basis.
    
Prerequisite: ENG 104 or 114 (or equivalent) with a grade of C or better; completed at least 90 but no more than 108 completed credits by the first day of the semester within which the student wishes to attempt the course.